Psyc 2010 1-6-16 Notes
Psyc 2010 1-6-16 Notes Psyc 2010 sec 3- Taylor
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Psyc 2010 sec 3- Taylor
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Fleming on Friday January 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 2010 sec 3- Taylor at Clemson University taught by Dr. Taylor in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Intro to Psyc in Psychlogy at Clemson University.
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Date Created: 01/15/16
Chapter 1 What Is Psychology? 1/6/16 psychology the scientific studybehavior& mental processes 2 early psychologies: 1) structuralism ● Wilhelm Wundt father of psyc ● Tichener ^ student ● Methodology of it: introspection (to look within) (verbal description of experie ces) 2) functionalism ● William James took this approach because obsessed with his inability 2 adapt ● focus was on WHY and HOW behavior ● occurs: behavior was viewed as adaptive ● rejected notion that thoughts could be reduced to pieces ● “stream of consciousness” ● no precise methodology; contributed by defining areas within psyc. Current Perspectives: 1) Neuroscience/ Biological ● mindbody relationships ● most physically orientated approach ● casestudies are often used in biological & clinical approaches usually use person(ex. Phineas Gage) 2) Behavioral/Learning ● Watson; Skinner ● emphasis on observable behaviors & environmental events which shape & maintain these behaviors ● punishment which decreases these behaviors & reinforcement which strengthens it 3) Cognitive the study of mental processes (ex. memory) ● errors in decisionmaking, cognitive biases, faults in memory & info processing 4) Psychodynamic/ analysis ● Freud ● maintains that early childhood experiences are critical in adult development ● strong emphasis on “unconscious” ● “Dreams are the royal road to the unconscious” 5) sociocultural ○ looks at impact of culture & social norms on behaviour 6) behavior genetics/ evolutionary ● ( earliest) focuses on how genes & environment impact behaviour; nat selection of traits ● much stronger now than in past > clinical most psyc study prob of med/nonmed origin which influence adjustment > counseling help people to cope with adjustment issue ; less severe issues > psychiatrists med training
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