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SOP3004 Week One Notes- Science of Psychology..What is Psychology?

by: Krinza Notetaker

SOP3004 Week One Notes- Science of Psychology..What is Psychology? SOP3004

Marketplace > University of Florida > Psychlogy > SOP3004 > SOP3004 Week One Notes Science of Psychology What is Psychology
Krinza Notetaker
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Social Psychology
Colin Smith
Class Notes
Psychology, social psychology, University of Florida, UF, UF psychology, SOP3004, Colin Smith




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Krinza Notetaker on Friday January 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SOP3004 at University of Florida taught by Colin Smith in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 84 views. For similar materials see Social Psychology in Psychlogy at University of Florida.

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Date Created: 01/15/16
What is Social Psychology? -scientific study of the ways in which peoples thoughts feelings and behaviors are influenced by actual, imagined or implied presence of others. -As a social psychologist step back and think about more than just the behavior u are observing -Fundamental Attribution Error-tendency to explain our own behavior and others entirely in terms of personality traits. -Underestimating the power of social influence -Calling someone rude because they behaved wrongly with us…well maybe they’re having a bad day. ex. Oscar the grouch is grouchy possibly due to his living situation in a trashcan Social vs personality psychology social-equal role of social influence on ALL people personality-focused on differences between peoples behavior Construal: the way in which people perceive, comprehend and interpret the social world -how you see things -parents from a cold place want to go swimming in florida when its 66 degrees Basic Social Motives -Self esteem maintenance -Desire to feel goof about ourselves -Social Cognition Approach -desire to be accurate about the social world *both motivations can apply simultaneously and different people can construe the exact same situation differently Social psy. vs “folk Wisdom" -we can submit this question to empirical study -does absence make the heart grow fonder or forgetful? -do birds of a feather flock together or do opposites attract? Familiarity with the subject matter: we all have familiarity with the social world -but our experience can lead to systemic errors -just bc something rhyme or is a saying doesn’t make it true Hindsight bias: the tendency the exaggerate…….. -1985 Super Bowl 81% said Miami would win and 19% said 49ers would win—> in reality 49ers won -After super bowl 42% said they thought Miami would win but 58% said they thought 49ers would win. CHAPTER ONE 1. Science is use of Systematic Observation(testing and observation -these days, people are more likely to want to be able to form their own opinions and debate conclusions. -observe the world in a organized way -scientists are also humans and subject to all of the mental biases of humans e.g memory loss, motivated cognition 2. Testable Hypotheses and theories -if something is not testable its not science 3. Democratic —rather than relying on authority, science relies evidence— your idea is as important as my good idea! 4. Cumulative -Science builds on previous finding so that we are alway learning more Basic Element of the Scientific Method Hypothesize: collections of variable organized into a testable statement of prediction -At least two concepts - some statement of the relationship between the, ex. Texting(concept 1) during class is related to poor exam performance(concept 2) Where do hypotheses come from? • previous research • personal observation Operationalize: turns a general idea into the building blacks of research conceptual definition -movie enjoyement -Did you enjoy the movie? Operation defintion a rating on a scale from1-10 Measure: three methods of hpthoses -Observational Goal: description _Correlational goal: prediction -relate two factors -Experimental goal: sleep causes question -Sleep causes mood change Observational Design behaviorial physical trace archival data analysis Problems with observational Methods Some behaviors are difficult to observe -private -rare -mental Important info might be missing **Psy are interested in predicting and explaining behavior Correlational Design Correlational method -technique whereby two or more variable are systematically measures and the relationship between them is assessed correlation coefficient- statistical measure of the street and direction of the relationship range: from -1 to +1 Advantages: asses real between two variables as they occur naturally -imp for unethical variables Disadvantage: reverse-causualty problem third variable problem Evaluate Revise or Replicate Francis Galton -used patches of color to test peoples ability to distinguish between them. -invented the self report questionnaire-people expressed their own judgments or opinions on various matters -fraternal twins and twins-genetic and social factors contributing towards personality Organizational psychology- number of inventions found to produce greater productivity and satisfaction in the workplace Ethics in Psychology -research done on humans -scientific psychologists follow code of ethics 1. informed consent-people should know when they are involved in research 2. confidentiality 3. privacy 4. benefits 5. deception-debrief with the participants to educate them on what was done on them


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