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HY103 Lectures 2 and 3 Professor Jenny Shaw

by: Taylor Notetaker

HY103 Lectures 2 and 3 Professor Jenny Shaw HY103

Marketplace > University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa > HY103 > HY103 Lectures 2 and 3 Professor Jenny Shaw
Taylor Notetaker
Troy University
GPA 3.8
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Hey everyone these notes are my own versions of the notes I took in HY103 American Civ with Professor Jenny Shaw. They cover Old World's Collide and Early English Encounters and French Forays.
American Civ
Jenny Shaw
Class Notes
History American Civ




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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Notetaker on Friday January 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HY103 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Jenny Shaw in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 49 views.


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Date Created: 01/15/16
Lecture 2 American Civ HY103  Old Worlds Collide  Before 1492 in America  ● About 50 million to 100 million people lived in  America. Inca Empire  ● Hierarchical empire  ● Women’s role was in clothes production   ● Men’s role was mostly in agriculture  ● Their territory was located in South America on the west coast  ● They utilized technology like canals and roads.  Aztec Empire  ● Hierarchical empire ● Location was what is now present day Mexico ● About 15­20 million people occupied the land  ● Women’s role was to cook and raise the children ● Men’s role was to be in charge of agriculture and to be warriors  ● Tenochtitlan­ was the capital of the Aztec empire  ● Technology like aqueducts and floating gardens were used here North America ● 7­10 million people populated North America at this time ● More sparsely populated than other two empires  ● Very diverse ● Pueblo Bonito­ is where present day New Mexico and Arizona are located, it had  about 200 villages, 12 towns, and about 15,000 people lived there. It was a hierarchical  society.  ● Cahokia­ what is present day known as St.Louis, had Mississippian cultures,  which meant that it was a highly stratified society. Population size was about 40,000  people. Home surrounded a ceremonial ground.  Eastern Woodlands Indians ● Home to the Algonquin and Iroquois Indians ● Family based village life  ● agricultural society and matrilineal society (Women were more of the important  roles) ● Not a hierarchical society ● Marriages were not permanent in this society (which was very different from the  Europeans way of life) ● Women were in charge of the agriculture while men sat around and waited to  hunt Europe 1500 ● Main  focus in Europe was to find sea routes to the Middle East and the East.  Key Events for European Monarchies  1. 1469­ Crowns of Castile and Aragon unify Spain (which created a very powerful  monarchy) 2. Rise of Tudor dynasty in England, which ends generation fighting in 1485  (creates more stability in England) 3. Reconquista in Spain ­ muslim authority ends, Jews either convert to  Catholicism or leave the country of Spain in 1492 4. 1517 (start of the 16th century) Protestant Reformation begins as a result of the  Martin Luther’s published book Ninety Five These (new founding of the new form of  Christianity) 5. 1545­ Counter Reformation by Roman Catholic Church(they were seeking to  strengthen their church) Africa  ● Most diverse continent at the time  ● 80 million people inhabited, mostly living south of the Sahara Desert. ● Mali Empire­ one of the world's largest in the century, very wealthy empire in the 14th century. West Africa ● This was where most slaves in North America would soon come from. ● Mostly rural area ● 11 million people inhabited this place ● City states controlled education, arts, and the legal systems  Going East (Portuguese Navigation) ● They were excellent with ships  ● Established a vast global trading network in 1575 ● Azores­ were key in sugar production  Christopher Columbus (Italian)  ● First to travel west (although he really thought he was traveling east and when he arrived at Cuba he really thought he was in Japan.) Religion and Conquest Requerimiento­ a document that legalized colonization by informing Native Americans:  1. They were on Spanish soil 2. They were not Catholic like themselves 3. If the refused to acknowledge numbers 1 and 2 it would lead to war, slavery, or  death.  4. The Spanish weren't doing this to purposely be mean, they really thought this  would better the Native Americans Lecture 3 Early English Encounters and First French Forays  The Columbian Exchange ● This event was really the turning point for everyone, without this event many  things that we know today wouldn't exist in this country. ● For the Americans because of the Columbian exchange we gained different  types of grass, sugar cane, coffee beans, domesticated livestock such as pigs and cows, diseases such a influenza, smallpox, measles, etc, bananas, citrus fruits, and grains like  wheat, rice, barley, etc. ● For the Europeans they gained things like pumpkins, potatoes, tomatoes, corn,  beans, avocados, and sweet potatoes.  ● Some consequence of the exchange were that it radically changed the makeup  of the world's population.  Early English Encounters  Gentlemen Adventurers  1. John Cabot­ Voyages from 1497 to 1498, he  founded what is known today as  New Finland and brings back thing like  animal feces, to the King to show off but the King wanted something more so he sent him off on another voyage which he never returned from.  2. There are many other gentlemen that sailed across  the Atlantic for example Richard Hore.  Elizabeth I Enterprise  ● Elizabeth I was determined to project English  powers oversea.  ● She defeats the Spanish Armada (navy)  ● Creates a capitalistic model of colonization by  having private investors create a joint stock company (for money to  continue voyages) because she didn't want to take money out of her own  power like previous rulers. ● The profits from the stock financed colonies.  Roanoke (The lost colony) ● Was settled in  1585, and founded by Sir Walter Raleigh under Queen Elizabeth I rule. ● They named this new found land Virginia after Elizabeth I’s virginity.  ● Members of the first colony included, an apothecary, a Jewish Metallurgist,  Thomas Hariot who was a mathematician, and John White who was an artist.  ● Roanoke was later destroyed by the Spanish Armada.  John White Paintings vs Theodore de Bry’s Engravings ● Theodores engravings of John White's painting “Man and Woman Eating” was  much more detailed for a few reasons. One of his reasons was to show the elite people  in Europe, the people who were rich enough to buy the books these photographs were  in, wat it was really like in Northern America. Another reason was because he wanted to  send messages through certain details. For example de Bry puts a bare landscape in the background of the engraving to send the message that they're open land for people to  colonize. Another message he tries to convey is the muscular structure, in which he  indicates to the Europeans that they are all the same.  First French Forays 1. Giovanni de Verrazano­ made his voyage in 1524 trying to find the northwest  passage to the Pacific Ocean (which never occurred because there isn't a northwest  passage to the Pacific). However he does map the east coast of Northern America and  later persuades the French to continue with their voyages.  2. Jacques Cartiers­ made his voyage to North America and finds himself near  Canada where he encounters Micmac Indians and trades his french knives, kettles and  beads, for their expensive furs.  French Jesuits and Conversions ● Did Not have financial backing from their churches so they ended up becoming  accused to different cultures because of their lack of money. They understood the  importance of comprehending Indian culture in order to try and encourage conversion. 


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