Ancient Theatre THEA-UT 510
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Julia Caine on Friday January 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to THEA-UT 510 at New York University taught by Edward Ziter in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 19 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Theatre Production in Theatre at New York University.
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Date Created: 01/15/16
Ancient Theatre Key Terms Ikhernofert Stele- Stone tablet that describes festival to celebrate Osiris Osiris- Ancient Egyptian god of the afterlife Isis- Ancient Egyptian goddess of the earth and sky Horus- Ancient Egyptian patron god Dionysus- Ancient Greek god of theatre and wine City Dionysia- Athenian festival to celebrate Dionysus Choregus- Rich citizens that produced shows in Ancient Greece Orchestra- Playing space for actors in Ancient Greek theatre Periaktoi- Prisms with settings painted on them; would be turned for scene changes Ekkyklema- Wheeled platform that may have revolved; represented character’s death Theatre of Epidaurus- Greek theatre built before 300 B.C. Skene- Temporary set in Greek theatre Parados- Place for actors, mostly chorus to enter Machina- Crane used to fly in actors Dithyramb- Circular dance and hymn for Dionysus Class Notes Cambridge Thesis o Theatre evolved out of ritual practice No evidence for it Ancient Greece/ Egypt use theatrical rituals o Centers around death and rebirth Egyptian Coronation Drama o Discovered by Gastor o Based on legend of Osiris Performed legend as play Passion of Osiris o Ritual for annual rebirth of Osiris Ikhernofert Stele Stone tablet that describes five-day festival Theatre of Dionysus, 5 century o 2,000 years after Egypt o Located in Athens o This age led Development of Greek tragedy Exploration of social, religious orders Unification of city-states o Based on ritual theatre Attempts to control/affect the world Used to feel connected to the gods City Dionysia o Festival in Athens End of March o Celebrate Dionysus God of wine, excess, spring Sometimes torn to pieces and reborn Spirit of cruelty o Scapegoat Must sacrifice best to gods for the good of everyone else o Theatre set-up Skene Temporary house, set Theatron Seeing space Orchestra Playing space Literally translated to “dancing space” Thymele Kind of alter in the middle of the orchestra o Served as more than entertainment Religious responsibility Dithyramb o Circular dance and hymn for Dionysus May have inspired festival May have took place on threshing floor Area to grind grain Thespis is the first actor o Introduces prologue as character Agorra o Public meeting space o Had space called orchestra May or may not have been round Parados o Place for actors to enter Mostly chorus For early theatre Probably not stage Theatre moved in 3 century o Actors must inspire Dionysus Five –day festival o 3 days for plays 3 dramas, 1 comedy Tribes brought together in democracy in 508 B.C. o All would attend performances Civic duty o Theatre starts off as festival Choregus o Rich citizens give money for show Producer Done for prestige o Usually stayed with playwright who agreed politically o Moved to state funding in 5 century B.C. Only paid for three actors Reason for “three actor rule” Chorus were amateurs o Tragedy had 12-15 members o Comedy had 24 members Aeschylus added second actor o Sophocles added third actor Masks o Large mouth openings o Made out of leather or cork Ekkyklema o Machine that rolls out Represents character’s death Sophocles invented scene painting o Information given from Pollux and Vitruvius Pollux may be writing about Hellenistic theatre Describes realistic masks Ekkyklema brings forth secret transactions Periaktoi o Prism with scene paintings Turned to show different scenes o Pincikes Painted panels Tragic actor o Wore soft shoe or boots called kothornos o Wore heels in Hellenistic Roman occupation o Put marble on all theatres Theatre of Epidaurus o Built before 300 B.C. Time of professional actors Olivier Theatre at National Theatre o Organized like Hellenistic Osiris vs. Dionysus o Both torn apart and reincarnated o Associated with spring o Five-day spring festival commemorating them Gender roles in Greek theatre o Women, slaves, and barbarians (non-Greeks) were not citizens Not fully human Couldn’t attend theatrical events o Public space is male space o Parents could lose citizenship if male heir wasn’t born o Shifts in mythology Female centered to male centered
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