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Anatomy position and region terms

by: Tawnya diem

Anatomy position and region terms Anatomy and Physiology

Marketplace > Youngstown State University > Science > Anatomy and Physiology > Anatomy position and region terms
Tawnya diem
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About this Document

the terms listed are all the different regions, quadrants and positions of the body
Dr. Arvin
Class Notes




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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Tawnya diem on Friday January 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Anatomy and Physiology at Youngstown State University taught by Dr. Arvin in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Science in Science at Youngstown State University.


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Date Created: 01/15/16
Anatomy and Physiology Terms Directional Terms: Anterior (ventral) ­ toward the front of the body  Posterior (dorsal) – toward the back of the body  Superior (cephalic) – toward the head  Inferior (caudal) –away from the head  Medial­ near the mid­line (belly button) of the body  Lateral­ farther from the mid­line  Proximal­ near the attachment of the extremity to the trunk Distal­ farther from the attachment of the extremity to the trunk External (superficial) – toward or on the surface Internal (deep) – away from the surface  Parietal­ pertaining to the outer boundary of the body cavity  Visceral­ pertaining to the internal organs Body Section Terms: Sagittal section­ divides the body into left and right portions Midsagittal section­ left and right halves  Frontal sections­ anterior and posterior portions (back and front) Transversal Sections­ superior and inferior portions (top and bottom)  Regional Terms: Trunk  Trunk­ head, upper extremities, lower extremities are attached  Thoracic region­ chest, divided into 2 regions, the pectoral region and the sternal region Abdominal region­ inferior to the thoracic region Inguinal region­ lies at the bottom of the trunk with the lower extremities Pubic region­ lies between the 2 inguinal regions  Scapular region­ located over the shoulder blade  Vertebral region­ lies along the vertebral column  Sacral region­ lies inferior to the vertebral region and between the 2 gluteal regions Gluteal region­ buttocks  Lumbar region­ located on each side of the vertebral region below the ribs Axillary region­ armpit  Coxal region­ hips, lie on the lateral surfaces of the trunk Upper Extremities: Acromial region­ shoulder, formed by the attachment of each upper extremity to the trunk Brachial region­ upper arm Antebrachial region­ forearm Cubital region­ posterior region of the elbow Antecubital region­ anterior region of the elbow Carpal region­ wrist Manual region­ hand Digital region­ fingers Lower Extremity: Femoral region­ thigh Crural region­ anterior portion of the leg Sural region­ posterior portion of the leg Patellar region­ anterior portion of the knee Popliteal region­ posterior portion of the knee Tarsal region­ ankle Pedal region­ foot Calcaneal region­ heel Digital region­ toes Abdominal Divisions: Umbilical region­ central are that includes the umbilicus (navel) Lumbar region­ right and left side of the umbilical region Epigastric region­ above the umbilical region =, between the hypochondriac region  Hypochondriac/ pubic region­ between the left and right iliac region   Body Cavities: Dorsal Body cavity­ consists of the cranial cavity  Cranial cavity­ brain Vertebral cavity­ spinal cord Ventral body cavity­ consists of the thoracic cavity Thoracic cavity­ lungs, heart, other thoracic organs Abdominopelvic cavity­most of the internal organs  Diaphragm­ thin dome shaped muscle, separates the thoracic cavity and the abdominopelvic  cavity Mediastinum­ membranous portion that contains the heart, trachea, esophagus, and thymus gland Pericardial cavity­ the heart Pleural cavity­ on the left and right, containing the lungs Abdominopelvic cavity­ contains the abdominal cavity, and the pelvic cavity Abdominal cavity­ contains the stomach, intestines, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, spleen, and  kidney Pelvic cavity­ urinary bladder, sigmoid colon, rectum. In females also contains uterus, uterine  tubes, and ovaries Dorsal Cavity Membrane:  Meninges­ membrane that lines the dorsal cavity   Ventral Cavity Membrane: Serous Membrane­ membrane lining the ventral cavity  Serious fluid­ watery fluid in the ventral membrane   Thoracic Cavity Membrane:  Parietal pleurae­ inner left and right walls of the thoracic cavity Visceral (pulmonary) pleurae­ covers the lungs Pleural cavity­ moist space between the pleural membranes  Pericardium­ encloses the heart Visceral pericardium (epicardium) ­ thin serous membrane that is tightly attached to the exterior  surface of the heart Parietal pericardium­ loose fitting, double layered, exterior to the epicardium Pericardial cavity­ the space between the visceral and parietal pericardia  Abdominal Cavity Membrane: Peritoneum­ lines the abdominal cavity Parietal peritoneum­ lines the inner abdominal wall Visceral peritoneum­ covers the surface of the abdominal organs  Peritoneal cavity­ space between the parietal and visceral peritoneum  Retroperitoneal region­ posterior to the peritoneum  Mesenteries­ extends from the cavity wall to the abdominal organs, contains nerves and blood  vessels serving the organs  Greater omentum­ extends inferiorly from the stomach over the intestines and loops back up to  join with the transverse colon Lesser omentum­ extends between the liver and the stomach   


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