psychology101 week1 PSY101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kayo Zhang on Friday January 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY101 at Michigan State University taught by Dr. Richard Lucas in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 26 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology in Psychlogy at Michigan State University.
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Date Created: 01/15/16
Lecture 2 Thinking Critically The problems with intuition The Process of Psychological research A demonstration Finish prologue begin reading Chapter 1 History of psychology process of psychology your life same process Intuition Theory intuition Thinking thinking Logic logic Observation descriptive research observation Psychological correlational Testing Hypothesis Research testing studiesexperiments Hypothesis Hindsight bias Tendency to believe after learning an outcome that one would foreseen it The Iknowitallalone phenomenon Overcon dence We tend to think we now more than we do OUR FIRST PRACTICAL LESSON Avoid con rmation bias In everyday You may think you are considerate and your roommate is a jerk You may nd a dozen instances where you are considerate THE SCIENCE ATTITUDE Is intuition always bad No but it can often be wrong And our con dence in our intuition is a poor guide for whether we are correct Therefore we need to move beyond intuition observation TYPES OF DESCRIPTIVE RESEARCH 1Case study An observation technique in which one person is studies in depth in the hope of revealing universal principles 2Survey Tech for ascertaining the selfreported attitudes or behaviors of people 3Naturaistic Observation Observing and recording behavior in naturally occurring situation without trying to manipulate and control the situation USING INTUITION AND OBSERVATION AS THE STARTING PONT Theory An explanation using an integrated set of principles that organizes and predicts observation Hypothesis A testable prediction Often implied by a theory Not in book agreed upon by almost all THEORY AND HYPOTHESIS You beevue X right Unfortunately we cant test X directly But if you believe X you must also believe Y Lets look at Y CONDUCTING RESEARCH Operational De nition A statement of proceduresoperations used to de ne research variables Example Intelligence may be operationally de ned as what an intelligence test measures EXAM ITS NEVER TOO ARLY Come up with 4 questions about operational questions Give term pick de nition Give de nition pick term Give an example of a situation where someone applies the concept pick the term Ask why the term is important
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