Syllabus Week World History II Notes
Syllabus Week World History II Notes HIST 1020 -012
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Samantha Silseth on Friday January 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to HIST 1020 -012 at Auburn University taught by Donna Bohanan in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 170 views. For similar materials see World History II in History at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 01/15/16
Origins of the French Revolution - Society under the ancient regime - Financial Crisis (the debt, Assembly of Notables, resistance of the parliament) Absolutism: (France, Louis XVI) A monarchy where the ruler has unlimited power. Rights and liberties don’t exist. Three Estates: Social Groups (not necessarily based on income) - Clergy: Since France was Catholic, this group was Catholic Priests. They got special treatment. They had their very own legal system in the church & were not taxed. - Nobility: These ranged from the aristocrats to the country squires. They were privileged as well because they were known as the fighters (the ones who fought for society). They were exempted from all taxes. (In reality, not many of them were actual warriors, but rather lawyers or people in government). - The Third Estate: 95% of the French Population. Had to pay taxes, no special treatment. The Bourgeoisie (middle class), the businessmen who bought into the ideas of the enlightenment. Ranged from entrepreneurs to shop owners. San-culottes (urban working class), they worked for the Bourgeoisie. Peasants (rural, agricultural workers), 85% of French population. 50% or more of their income went to paying taxes. - Louis XVI France has a lot of debt under his rule because of involvement in numerous wars. (18 century) - Calonne The Finance Minister dealing with debt (he knew it was a bad idea to raise taxes because the peasants would revolt). He wanted to impose a land tax that would effect nobles & the church. - The Estates-General (Basically the French version of a Parliament) Their job is to approve taxes. Louis XVI doesn’t want to call them because they haven’t meet in over 100 years and would probably take advantage of the king. - 1787 The Assembly of the Notables The People were hand picked by the king, mostly from the nobility who hoped they would do him a favor and simply pass his new laws. When they didn’t agree to pass his laws he dismissed the Assembly. - Resistance of the Parlement Louis wants them to approve his new tax laws, when they say no he threatens them & have them removed. The remaining judges then go on strike & government slowly shuts down. (Note: judges are usually sons of nobles) Their request is no taxation without representation. - Marie Antoinette She is a trend setter and doesn’t care about the lower classes. She was despised. 2 - The Estates-General (1789): Finally has to meet for the first time in 175 years. Each social group is represented by 5 delegates in the Estates-General and they vote in 3 separate chambers. Each social group comes to a consensus and that is their 1 vote. This means that 95% of the population is represented by 1 vote. Since the clergy & nobility usually agree on votes, the tax laws would not be approved. Peasants were fully aware of what was happening and wanted everyone to speak in one room as well as each delegate to have their own vote. - 3 estate refers to themselves as national assembly, Louis is scared so he locks them out. They go meet at the next open location which is an indoor tennis court. th June 20 1789 Tennis Court Oath: “We’ll meet wherever we have to until we have a written constitution for France” is basically what that said. 3 4
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