PSY 101, week 1 notes: History and Research Method I (Qualitative)
PSY 101, week 1 notes: History and Research Method I (Qualitative) PSY 101
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alvin Notetaker on Friday January 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 101 at Arizona State University taught by Mae in Winter2014. Since its upload, it has received 69 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at Arizona State University.
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Date Created: 01/15/16
History and Research Method I (Qualitative): The Evolution of Psychology: ● Psychology is the study of human thought process and behavior ● Desperation , frontal lobe damage, and a disorder makes us “tick”. ● Precursors to psychology: ○ Shakespeare ○ Why? ○ How? Late 1800’s: ● Germany first to start the study of psychology ○ Wilhelm Wundt: ■ Psychology as a discipline ■ Founded the first lab for psychology ■ First psychology journal ● America ○ G. Stanley Hall: ■ Created the first psychology lab in America ■ First psychology journal in america ■ Founded APA, American Psychological Association ● Competing Schools of Thought ○ Wundt & Titchner: ■ Structuralism study of tstructure of consciousness ○ Hall & James: ■ Functionalism study of thfunction of consciousness (dashed lines aompetetion lines) Transformational Factors: ● 1920 impact on psychology ○ Methodological Revolution ● World War II 1938 1948 ○ Applied Psychology ○ Immigrants ● Early 1970s ○ Impact of computer ○ Cognitive Revolution Research Methods Types of Research: ● Qualitative: ○ Exploring something (no number) ● Quantitative: ○ Describe ○ Compare ○ Test something ● Qualitative: ○ Qualitative Survey ○ Natural Observation ○ Case Study ● Quantitative: ○ Descriptive Research ○ Correlational Research Qualitative Survey ● When? ○ Opinion ○ Attitudes ● How? ○ Question ○ Interviews ● Limitations? ○ Careful construction (Can & will) Natural Observation ● When? ○ To observe public behavior ● How? ○ Observation ● Limitation? ○ Not intervention Case Studies ● When? ○ To study unusual/infrequent phenomena ● How? ○ Interview ○ Observation ○ Records ○ Testing ● Limitation? ○ Generalization
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