PSY101- Week 1, Lecture 1 & 2.1, The 3R Study Method
PSY101- Week 1, Lecture 1 & 2.1, The 3R Study Method PSY 101
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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kathryn Brooks on Friday January 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 101 at Grand Valley State University taught by Jennifer Gross in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 94 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychology in Psychlogy at Grand Valley State University.
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Date Created: 01/15/16
Psychology 101 – The Read-‐Recite-‐Review Study Strategy • The 3R Method – Read, recite, review o Read-‐ read the passage thoroughly a paragraph or two at a time o Recite-‐ recall what you just read and summarize it verbally o Review-‐ read through that passage one more time • A study was done to see which method of study was the most efficient an effective. o The 3R method was compared to: § Reading and note taking § Rereading o The control of the experiment was the 3R method. o Test 1: Short answer, free recall, and multiple-‐choice inference based tests were given immediately after study and 1-‐week later to collect data on which study method produced the best score. • Test 2: Participants were given a free-‐recall test, multiple-‐choice test containing eight four-‐alternative forced-‐choice questions, and four problem-‐solving items. Again, they were tested immediately and then again 1 week later. • Benefits of the 3R: o Better performance in most areas of test taking (refer to data tables) o Promotes deeper learning of the material o 3R utilizes retrieval and feedback, providing benefits just beyond increasing retention o Consider the way the 3R works in comparison to rereading or note taking (apply these methods to yourself): 2 § Rereading vs. reading, reciting, and reviewing • Possibly just skim reading twice vs. reading for understanding, checking understanding, and clarifying (3R) • Rereading focuses on retention § Note taking vs. reading, reciting, and reviewing • Note taking usually takes longer • Possibly just copying down words vs. actually reading and understanding what you are writing 3
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