POLS 1110- American Politics
POLS 1110- American Politics POLS 1110 - 003
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POLS 1110 - 003
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Makayla Prince on Friday January 15, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1110 - 003 at University of North Carolina - Charlotte taught by Jason Giersch in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 181 views. For similar materials see American Politics in Political Science at University of North Carolina - Charlotte.
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Date Created: 01/15/16
POLS 1110: American Politics Week 1 The Declaration of Independence ● What is it? A message to the world of colonists and their desire for independence A list of complaints An application of political philosophy An act of patriotism An act of treason ● How is it organized? Introduction states its purpose Discussion of philosophy List of complaints Conclusion argues for independence ● When is revolution justified? (according to the D.O.I.) When taxes are high When the government violates rights When the King is too greedy ● Questions for the Declaration of Independence What about slavery? What about women? What about the poor? Uneducated? Does “consent” and “representation” mean voting? What would a better system be like? Themes in this Course ● Scope of Government What should we expect from the government? What should the government not be involved in? ● Democracy Does ______ increase or reduce democracy in our country? Introducing Government in America ● What is Government? The institutions through which public policies are made for a society ● How should we Govern? Is democracy the best system? Are there differentinds of democracy? Are there differentdegrees of democracy? ● What should the Government do? (popular answers from the public) Maintain a natural defense Provide public goods and services Preserve order Socialize the young (what does it mean to be a member of society?) Collect taxes (resources for society come in the form of taxes) ● What is politics? ”Who gets what, when, and how.” H.D. Laswell Or, which leaders we choose and the politics that they pursue ● Political Participation More than just voting ● Single Issue Groups Abortion, environmental issues, taxes, etc. ● Policymaking System People shape policy Policies impact people ● Public Policy Statute (law) Presidential action Court Decision Budgetary choice Regulation *Policies should be effective and must have a goal ● What is Democracy? ”Government of the people, by the people, and for the people.” Abraham Lincoln ● Key Principles (according to Robert Dahl) Equality in voting Effective participation (equal influence) Enlightened understanding (freedom of speech and freedom of press) Citizen control of the policy agenda Inclusion (access to citizenship for all) *Majority rule and minority rights; representation ● Three Contemporary Theories of American Democracy 1. Pluralism Groups of minorities working together (viewed as a positive light) 2. Elitism Power is held by the wealthy (pessimistic view) 3. Hyperpluralism Too many groups trying to control policy ● Challenges to Democracy Increased complexity of issues Limited participation in government Diverse political interest Policy gridlock Escalating campaign costs = rising influence of money ● Political Culture Based on American Creed Liberty Egalitarianism (equality) Individualism Laissezfaire Populism A Culture War? ● Polarization of liberal and conservative political culture Is it actually happening? ● Testing a crisis of values Loss of traditional values Less patriotism Irreconcilable differences *What should the role of government be? How Active is American Government? ● Gross Domestic Product (GDP) Government spends ⅓ percent Government employs approximately 24 million people ● Americans Expect the Government to solve All Problems Unemployment, terrorism, illegal immigration, energy conservation, education system, healthcare, etc.