CRJU 3200: Crime Prevention and Security, Week 1 notes
CRJU 3200: Crime Prevention and Security, Week 1 notes Crju 3200
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alison Carr on Saturday January 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Crju 3200 at Bowling Green State University taught by Dr. Lab in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 58 views. For similar materials see Crime Prevention and Security in Criminal Justice at Bowling Green State University.
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Date Created: 01/16/16
CRJU 3200: Crime Prevention and Security- Spring Semester 2016 Week 1 Ways to measure crime: Uniform Crime Report (UCR) o Police give the FBI their crime data and reports of crime o Completely voluntary, police do not have to give any data High crime reports may make it look like the police are not doing a good job o Includes Part I and Part II offenses Part I offenses (in order, violent crimes): murder, rape, robbery, and aggravated assault, (property crimes): burglary, larceny, motor vehicle theft, and arson Police collect information on Part I offenses You have a higher chance of being a victim of property crimes Part II offenses: any crime that is not listed in the Part I offenses Police collect information on Part II offenses o Crime rate (violent or property): a number of crimes that is for every 100,000 people i.e. in 2013, the crime rate was 3,099 means there was 3,099 crimes for every 100,000 people crime rate trend is decreasing National Crime Victim Survey (NCVS) o Random household surveys that ask if you have been victimized in the last year o The idea of a victim survey came about in the 1970s and has been a yearly survey ever since o Started because of the dark shadow figures- unreported crimes by people to the police o NCVS has higher numbers than the UCR because dark shadow figures become reported o Crime rate trend is decreasing Cost of crime: Trend of cost of crime has steadily gone up o Criminals are getting smarter and stealing more expensive things o Medical costs are rising as well Does not count indirect losses o Seeing a psychiatrist to help cope o Paying the police o Cost of the court o Cost of running prisons/correctional facilities Impact of crime on people Changes your behavior Changes peoples’ perceptions Psychological damage o Rapid heart rate, increased blood pressure o Adrenaline rush o Become very focused on the one thing happening and cannot calm down o Change in view of everything around Change in attitude o Avoiding a place/person/activity because you’re afraid of what might happen (not going to school because of mass school shootings) o Fear of crime The elderly and women are the most fearful groups, yet they are the least victimized Most victimized and most criminal are young men ages 15- 25 because they are victimizing each other You need to be cautious, but not scared People’s fear is increasing while actual crime is decreasing Media
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