SOC 4410: Criminology, Week 1 notes
SOC 4410: Criminology, Week 1 notes Soc 4410
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Alison Carr on Saturday January 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 4410 at Bowling Green State University taught by Dr. Finkeldey in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 47 views. For similar materials see Criminology in Sociology at Bowling Green State University.
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Date Created: 01/16/16
SOC 4410: Criminology- Spring Semester 2016 Week 1 Criminology- the study of people who make the laws and then the people who break the laws, and the community’s attitude to breaking those laws o Study of how the laws are made, what exactly causes behavior to be criminal, and then the community’s attitude/response to that behavior o This class does not have anything to do with CSI or forensic science Viewpoints: Problem of the individual o Seen as a personal failure by the public or the individual Social problem o We see crime as a social problem, not a social problem o People are shaped by society o Society makes it seem like the only thing someone can do is commit crimes Geographic location, gender, age, ethnicity, etc. o Why crime rates are different from each other: Location, time, inequality (gender, age, race) o Legal actions are built around: Societal factors- people respond to crime in different ways Retribution based on gender, age, race, etc. Sociological perspective: People will be social, more than just living things Society outlines: o Behavior, attitude, and life expectancies Social structures: o Social inequality o Attributes of a given community/neighborhood Is it a safe place, is it spread out, is it clean? Sociological criminology Crime and victimization are seen by the public as: o Public issues o Rooted n how society is organized o Looks at the attributes of communities and how they influence the characteristics of people Rise of criminology Supernatural forces (God, Devil, witchcraft)classical school (rational choice)sociological perspective (stresses social structure) Rational choice- do you get something out of being a criminal vs. the cost of being caught o Criminals weigh the options logically Emile Durkheim Came up with the idea of the sociological paradigm Social structure was more important than the choices you are making Deviance will never disappear since people will always be breaking the law o No matter where you are, there will be crime Said that crime is important because they can lead to social movements W. E. B. DuBois Came up with the conclusion that social conditions are the major causes of crime Did not agree with the ideas of biological causes of crime o Genetics o Genes and how they relate to violence o Puberty Edwin Sutherland Conducted neighborhood studies o There is stable crime even if there is different people in the same neighborhood No matter if old residents moved out and there are new people moving into a neighborhood, crime will stay in the area Crime has nothing to do with the people that live there o Increased crime rates are related to the dimensions of a neighborhood Concepts Crime- behavior that is so terrible laws had to be made to prevent said behavior Deviance- disruption of the social norms and gets negative reactions from society o what people think of certain behaviors being pregnant and smoking not picking up after your dog Things can be criminal and not deviant, criminal and deviant, or deviant and not criminal
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