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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jenessa Pratt on Saturday January 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AHTG at Brigham Young University taught by Dr. Kimball in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 120 views. For similar materials see American Heritage in General Science at Brigham Young University.
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Date Created: 01/16/16
Mr. Smith Goes to Washington showing on January 20 and 21st. Check for details. Good Society: Benefits society as a whole strives for a reasonable balance between liberty and order offers human fulfillment “goods of the soul” hinges on tension between virtue and selfinterest. Ancient Good Societies and Virtue: Classical Athens philosophers Classical Christian saints The Athenian Idea of Virtue: seek human excellence (arete) in all things… enhanced by proper education. Plato’s cardina personal virtues: 1. wisdom 2. temperance 3. courage 4. justice Wellordered soul created the wellordered city (polis) and vis versa...the purpose of politics is to form good citizens and cultivate good behavior… “Public virtue” Wisdom: the king needed to be as wise as a philosopher to succeed as a leader. Temperance: you were a shopkeeper, middle class. You are in charge of distributing food, goods, even tempered. Courage: soldiers, the greatest in society. Justice: the end of greek society, people should seek it in their own virtues. Everyone should contain justice. Thoughtful involvement. IDEAly. If you can understand and apply human nature then you will improve society and meet people’s needs. With these qualities. Ancient Christian Virtue: Examples from parables, Sermon on Mount...faith, hope, charity Internal virtues create external Good Society Can cause excess zeal… social apathy You want to be better and therefore it changes your outside behavior and the neighbors get along, seeking for fairness and to serve others. Can people really live virtuous lives outside of the movies? Problem: people can take it too far. A lot of Christians tune out to the social issues of the time “God will take care of it anyway in the end”. Christians: you transfer inside out, you act on the inside. Athens: less controlled about the soul it’s what you should do to benefit others. Enlightenment Virtue: humans act out of selfinterest Virtue is great but not reliable. Enlightenment thinkers believed what they saw around them most folks don’t care about future the wonders of Wonder Bread They believed in what they did and what they could see. Everyone would act out of self interest so to direct it in the proper way. The virtues and Vices of selfinterest: reliable induces cooperation...aligns selfinterests degenerates into selfishness, selfdeception, and narcissism What if we had to rely only on selfinterest? only virtue? Video #1: Mr. Rogers: Virtuous Singing “it’s a beautiful day in the neighborhood… won’t you please be my neighbor.” Encouraging everyone to “do good” and serve others. Video #2: Little kids hogging the candy. By the Power of SelfInterest: Structure: rules and processes designed to promote virtuous behavior. Counterpoise: Balancing one person’s selfinterest against another’s in formal, structured relationship. Splitting money example: January 13, 2016 The American Inheritance Plymouth Rock: 1620 Double helix DNA metaphorically: New England and Virginia together become our cultural inheritance. They run at the same time and are stuck (should be considered) together. Video #1: Virginia Commercial What really happened at Jamestown.Trial, melodramatic… The New World: Nightmare in Jamestown. The Story at Jamestown: Adventurers… financial risk takers. .. joint stock companies. Capitalists are paying for this: nobility and Earls that are paying for this. The desire first and foremost was to make money or improve their lot in life. Planters… given land. Primarily these people were second sons looking for their own fortune because the first received the inheritance. Indentured servants. Perhaps kicked off their land, urban dwellers who were poor. They wanted a chance at a new life, contracted with a planter who bought their ticket over and the servant would work for a number of years until they paid it off, gaining some land at the end. Much better opportunity than they would have back home. Relationship between the Virginia and the Plymouth company. All groups are there to “honor the king”. to begin with its a British Outpost. Starvation and Salvation: Unprepared settlers..poorly organized. they didn’t have any skills. Poor work ethic. ⅓ were gentlemen who didn’t and couldn't’/didn’t know how to work. Starvation and John Smith they landed in a brutal spot. Natural resources didn’t come as easily. They brought: goldsmith, perfumer, mason, four carpenters First thing: planted experimental crops, no grain: orange trees, fruits, etc. 80% died each year. In 1609 John Smith takes charge and says if you don’t work, you don’t eat. You must work 4 hours each day. They stayed off of starvation for a while but then sicknesses crept in. Only 90 survived the winter. Saved by tobacco and John Rolfe. Rolfe had been shipwrecked in bermuda, brought tobacco with him, mixed seeds up, created new types and by 1610 he has a crop people want to buy. Jamestown is a failure. 1625 the Crown takes over. Pocahontas the Princess takes on the english name Rebecca. Jamestown Inheritance: Racebased slavery started as early as 1620. Indentured servants at first fulfilled the need until the revolt in 1670 and then they decided slaves are more reliable. Created fierce love of personal liberty...loyalty to family and place people loved being rooted in a certain geography. You had to own a lot of land for tobacco and therefore you lived far away from others and came to work for yourself. Planting the seed of personal freedom and independance, only answering to yourself. Selfgovernment & House of Burgesses Virginia is the first place in the US to gain a representative government in 1619. Americans start to govern themselves. This is the spark. Show me the Way: Mr. Winthrop in the house: “For we must consider that we shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of all people are upon us.” John Winthrop. Up North they are Puritans trying to purify the Church of England. They are there to show England how it’s done. Video #2: Describing the trip over to the the colonies on the Mayflower. A sailor who bragged of being healthy got really sick, died and was the first to be thrown overboard this was an act of God. Lesson: God is active, watching constantly, be on His side. Calvinism and the Christian Calling: 5 Finger Test: Sovereignty of God Depravity of human beings Predestination Limited atonement Perseverance of elect People should glorify God by showing forth His great works. God rewarded the faithful with material and spiritual blessings...prosperity was sign of God’s pleasure. Virtue became selfinterest Elect set apart from the world and form new covenant community. We should try to glorify God in everything that we do. Our best work will glorify God, no matter our occupation. God will reward us according to what we do is right. If we do well, it was a sign of God’s pleasure. Puritan Inheritance: Strong sense of “covenant” communities. “City upon a hill”... divinely ordained project. Belief in universal and fundamental truth. Moral selfgovernance. Towns were built close together, community like, they had the church in the center and farming outside of town. You were there to help and provide the world with truth. Take care of yourself and live up to these standards on your own without a leader. Virginia and Puritan beliefs combine to form the core American beliefs. Wednesday, January 6th Add/drop deadline is January 11th students must attend their assigned lab at the correct time and day. Film: Mr. Smith Goes to Washington Will be showing at 5 pm and 7:30pm on Wednesday, January 20th and Thursday, January 21st. 140 JSB Room Notes: The Human Predicament: It’s always with us, you might as well get used to it. Major Themes: American “expectationalism” The idea that Americans have created high expectations, perhaps even higher than other nations. Art and power of the community through the Social Contract The power by which we have created the rules to live by; morals, ethics, etc. in medias res… in the middle of things About the founding itself: we are still inside the founding. Founding should be a present tense verb. What difference we make has an influence on the future. Human Predicament: Tyranny → ←Competing Groups Revolution → ←Anarchy (back to the beginning of the cycle) Almost every group has been through this cycle. Tyranny: controls things by his or her power or ability to impose his will on the people. Revolution: The people get tired of the controller and choose to overturn their position. Anarchy: No one is in control, everyone is doing what they like. Different groups are competing. Competing Groups: Groups inside the situation along with Anarchy rise up and because they are stronger they then take power, going back to Tyranny The united States’ idea was to try to step out of this system. Human Predicament Continued: Anarchy and Tyranny characterize human history Anarchy: Rule of chaos...absence of law...rule of strong When a tyrant is overthrown the people go nuts… because there is no one there telling them what to do. There is no leader. No laws are enforced because you don’t have to enforce the laws without a paid task force. The strongest win in an anarchy. (Survival of the fittest) Video Examples: Iraq: Anarchy the leader is killed and the people suddenly have the freedom to do illegal actions England: They people feel oppressed and are revolting against Tyranny Recent examples: Baltimore Ferguson Oregon Tyranny: rule of will. Film Clip: example of tyranny from “selfish choice” Sophie’s choice in a German concentration camp a mother is asked to choose which of her children will live and which will die. A Circle of Misery: How do we get out of the cycle? Founding fathers knew that something had to be done and a different system needed to be created. Good Society: selfconscious attempt to avoid tyranny and anarchy benefits society as a whole people have to feel like they are getting something from this system balance between liberty and order we like and need order, but we also want our freedom: if we give up everything we live in tyranny. “goods of the soul” some intangibles, it’s dignity and respect, feeling like you matter in the larger collective Look up TA’s lab hours: Mitchell Hale Go to website: AmericanHeritage.org University Excused Absences: Talk to Kristen Betts in review room Review Room: Opens next Monday List of review subjects is available on AH website. Review starts every hour, 30 minutes after the hour In 3421C HBLL Class Procedures: 1 quiz per lab… be on time! You must attend this lab, not any other labs. Participate Discussion based lab. Hints: Take notes on media clips shown in lecture Study Suggestions Utilize the Review room, office hours, AH website (games) Read before the lecture attend all lectures and labs take notes media clips and descriptive notes re read the readings in detail after lecture note common topics form a study group ask questions study with a peer write a list of questions visit the review room regularly Service: Have a 10 hour service project chosen by next week. Go to the Yserve website for ideas. You will tell me what you chose for your service product next week. Short essay about your experience will be written.
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