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American Heritage

by: Jenessa Pratt

American Heritage AHTG

Jenessa Pratt
GPA 3.85
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About this Document

These notes cover the first week of material covered in American Heritage. Contained is detailed information of the content discussed. This included reminder due dates, therefore understand that no...
American Heritage
Dr. Kimball
Class Notes
history, American Heritage, Government, America




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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jenessa Pratt on Saturday January 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to AHTG at Brigham Young University taught by Dr. Kimball in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 120 views. For similar materials see American Heritage in General Science at Brigham Young University.


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Date Created: 01/16/16
Mr. Smith Goes to Washington showing on January 20 and 21st. Check for details. Good Society: Benefits society as a whole strives for a reasonable balance between liberty and order offers human fulfillment ­ “goods of the soul” hinges on tension between virtue and self­interest. Ancient Good Societies and Virtue: Classical Athens ­ philosophers Classical Christian ­ saints The Athenian Idea of Virtue: seek human excellence (arete) in all things… enhanced by proper  education. Plato’s cardina personal virtues: 1. wisdom 2. temperance 3. courage 4. justice Well­ordered soul created the well­ordered city (polis) and vis versa...the purpose of politics is to form  good citizens and cultivate good behavior… “Public virtue”  ­ Wisdom: the king needed to be as wise as a philosopher to succeed as a leader. ­ Temperance: you were a shopkeeper, middle class. You are in charge of distributing  food, goods, even tempered.  ­ Courage: soldiers, the greatest in society.  ­ Justice: the end of greek society, people should seek it in their own virtues. Everyone  should contain justice. Thoughtful involvement.  ­ IDEAly. If you can understand and apply human nature then you will  improve society and meet people’s needs. With these qualities.  Ancient Christian Virtue: ­ Examples from parables, Sermon on, hope, charity ­ Internal virtues create external Good Society ­ Can cause excess zeal… social apathy ­ You want to be better and therefore it changes your outside behavior and the neighbors  get along, seeking for fairness and to serve others.  ­ Can people really live virtuous lives outside of the movies?  Problem: people can take it too far. A lot of Christians tune out to the social issues of the time ­ “God will take care of it anyway in the end”.  Christians: you transfer inside out, you act on the inside. Athens: less controlled about the soul it’s what you should do to benefit others.  Enlightenment Virtue: ­ humans act out of self­interest ­ Virtue is great but not reliable. ­ Enlightenment thinkers believed what they saw around them ­ most folks don’t care about future ­ the wonders of Wonder Bread They believed in what they did and what they could see. Everyone would act out of self interest so to  direct it in the proper way.  The virtues and Vices of self­interest: ­ reliable ­ induces cooperation...aligns self­interests ­ degenerates into selfishness, self­deception, and narcissism ­ What if we had to rely only on self­interest? only virtue?   Video #1: Mr. Rogers: Virtuous Singing “it’s a beautiful day in the neighborhood… won’t you please be my neighbor.” Encouraging everyone to “do good” and serve others.  Video #2: Little kids hogging the candy.  By the Power of Self­Interest: Structure: rules and processes designed to promote virtuous behavior. Counterpoise: Balancing one person’s self­interest against another’s in formal, structured relationship.  Splitting money example: January 13, 2016 The American Inheritance  Plymouth Rock: 1620 Double helix DNA metaphorically: New England and Virginia together become our cultural inheritance.  They run at the same time and are stuck (should be considered) together.  Video #1: Virginia Commercial What really happened at Jamestown.Trial, melodramatic…  The New World: Nightmare in Jamestown.  The Story at Jamestown: Adventurers… financial risk takers. .. joint stock companies. Capitalists are paying for this:  nobility and Earls that are paying for this. The desire first and foremost was to make money or improve  their lot in life.  Planters… given land. Primarily these people were second sons looking for their own fortune  because the first received the inheritance.  Indentured servants. Perhaps kicked off their land, urban dwellers who were poor. They wanted a chance at a new life, contracted with a planter who bought their ticket over and the servant would work  for a number of years until they paid it off, gaining some land at the end. Much better opportunity than  they would have back home.  Relationship between the Virginia and the Plymouth company.  All groups are there to “honor the king”. to begin with its a British Outpost. Starvation and Salvation: Unprepared settlers..poorly organized. ­ they didn’t have any skills. Poor work ethic. ­  ⅓ were gentlemen who didn’t and couldn't’/didn’t know how to work.  Starvation and John Smith ­ they landed in a brutal spot. Natural resources didn’t come as easily. They brought: goldsmith, perfumer, mason, four carpenters First thing: planted experimental crops, no grain: orange trees, fruits, etc.  80% died each year.  In 1609 John Smith takes charge and says if you don’t work, you don’t eat. You must work 4 hours each  day. They stayed off of starvation for a while but then sicknesses crept in.  Only 90 survived the winter.  Saved by tobacco and John Rolfe. Rolfe had been shipwrecked in bermuda, brought tobacco with  him, mixed seeds up, created new types and by 1610 he has a crop people want to buy.  Jamestown is a failure. 1625 the Crown takes over.  Pocahontas the Princess takes on the english name Rebecca.  Jamestown Inheritance: Race­based slavery ­ started as early as 1620. Indentured servants at first fulfilled the need until  the revolt in 1670 and then they decided slaves are more reliable.  Created fierce love of personal liberty...loyalty to family and place ­ people loved being rooted in  a certain geography. You had to own a lot of land for tobacco and therefore you lived far away from  others and came to work for yourself. Planting the seed of personal freedom and independance, only  answering to yourself.  Self­government & House of Burgesses  ­ Virginia is the first place in the US to gain a  representative government in 1619. Americans start to govern themselves. This is the spark.  Show me the Way:  Mr. Winthrop in the house: “For we must consider that we shall be as a city upon a hill. The eyes of all people are upon us.” ­ John Winthrop.  Up North they are Puritans trying to purify the Church of England. They are there to show England how  it’s done.  Video #2:  Describing the trip over to the the colonies on the Mayflower. A sailor who bragged of being  healthy got really sick, died and was the first to be thrown overboard ­ this was an act of God. Lesson: God is active, watching constantly, be on His side. Calvinism and the Christian Calling: 5 Finger Test: ­ Sovereignty of God ­ Depravity of human beings ­ Predestination ­ Limited atonement  ­ Perseverance of elect  ­ People should glorify God by showing forth His great works. ­ God rewarded the faithful with material and spiritual  blessings...prosperity was sign of God’s pleasure. ­ Virtue became self­interest ­ Elect set apart from the world and form new covenant community.  We should try to glorify God in everything that we do. Our best work will glorify God, no matter our  occupation. God will reward us according to what we do is right. If we do well, it was a sign of God’s  pleasure.  Puritan Inheritance: Strong sense of “covenant” communities. “City upon a hill”... divinely ordained project. Belief in universal and fundamental truth. Moral self­governance. Towns were built close together, community like, they had the church in the center and farming  outside of town. You were there to help and provide the world with truth. Take care of yourself and live  up to these standards on your own without a leader.  Virginia and Puritan beliefs combine to form the core American beliefs.  Wednesday, January 6th ­ Add/drop deadline is January 11th ­ students must attend their assigned lab at the correct time and day. ­ Film: Mr. Smith Goes to Washington ­ Will be showing at 5 pm and 7:30pm on Wednesday, January 20th and  Thursday, January 21st. 140 JSB Room Notes: ­ The Human Predicament: It’s always with us, you might as well get used to it.  Major Themes: American “expectationalism” The idea that Americans have created high expectations, perhaps even higher than other  nations. Art and power of the community through the Social Contract The power by which we have created the rules to live by; morals, ethics, etc.   in medias res… in the middle of things About the founding itself: we are still inside the founding. Founding should be a present  tense verb. What difference we make has an influence on the future.  Human Predicament: Tyranny → ←Competing Groups Revolution → ←Anarchy  (back to the beginning of the cycle) Almost every group has been through this cycle.  Tyranny: controls things by his or her power or ability to impose his will on the people.  Revolution: The people get tired of the controller and choose to overturn their position. Anarchy: No one is in control, everyone is doing what they like. Different groups are competing.  Competing Groups: Groups inside the situation along with Anarchy rise up and because they are stronger  they then take power, going back to Tyranny ­ The united States’ idea was to try to step out of this system.  Human Predicament Continued: Anarchy and Tyranny characterize human history Anarchy: Rule of chaos...absence of law...rule of strong ­ When a tyrant is overthrown the people go nuts… because there is no one there telling  them what to do. There is no leader. No laws are enforced because you don’t have to enforce the  laws without a paid task force.  ­ The strongest win in an anarchy. (Survival of the fittest)  Video Examples: Iraq: Anarchy  ­ the leader is killed and the people suddenly have the freedom to do illegal actions England: They people feel oppressed and are revolting against Tyranny Recent examples: Baltimore Ferguson Oregon  Tyranny: rule of will.  Film Clip: example of tyranny from “selfish choice” ­ Sophie’s choice ­ in a German  concentration camp a mother is asked to choose which of her children will live and which will  die.  A Circle of Misery: How do we get out of the cycle?  Founding fathers knew that something had to be done and a different system needed to be  created. Good Society: ­ self­conscious attempt to avoid tyranny and anarchy ­ benefits society as a whole ­ people have to feel like they are getting something from this  system ­ balance between liberty and order ­ we like and need order, but we also want our  freedom: if we give up everything we live in tyranny.  ­ “goods of the soul” ­ some intangibles, it’s dignity and respect, feeling like you matter in  the larger collective  Look up TA’s lab hours: Mitchell Hale Go to website: University Excused Absences: Talk to Kristen Betts in review room Review Room: Opens next Monday List of review subjects is available on AH website. Review starts every hour, 30 minutes after the hour In 3421C HBLL  Class Procedures:  1 quiz per lab… be on time!  You must attend this lab, not any other labs.  Participate ­ Discussion based lab. Hints: Take notes on media clips shown in lecture Study Suggestions Utilize the Review room, office hours, AH website (games)  Read before the lecture  attend all lectures and labs take notes media clips and descriptive notes re read the readings in detail after lecture note common topics form a study group ask questions study with a peer write a list of questions visit the review room regularly Service: Have a 10 hour service project chosen by next week. Go to the Y­serve website for ideas. You will tell me what you chose for your service product next week.  Short essay about your experience will be written.


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