KINS 2100 Week 1 Notes
KINS 2100 Week 1 Notes 2100
Popular in Care and Prevention of Athletic Injuries
Popular in Kinesiology
Alea Nicole Vick
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This 7 page Class Notes was uploaded by Bridget Ochuko on Saturday January 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2100 at University of Georgia taught by Christine Samson in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 83 views. For similar materials see Care and Prevention of Athletic Injuries in Kinesiology at University of Georgia.
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Date Created: 01/16/16
KINS 2100 Unit 1 01/12/2016 ▯ Introduction to Athletic Training ▯ History: Greeks and romans Became a profession in collegiate athletics first o Mid to late 20 century Terminology: “Athletic Trainer” or “Certified Athletic Trainer” ▯ Definitions and mission: Health care professionals who specialize in : o Prevention o Recognizing athletic injuries o Manage athletic injuries o Rehab/assisting in rehab of injuries that result from physical activity Works under the direction of a licensed physician and in cooperation with other health care professionals o Doesn’t necessarily have to be in the same room but must go over specific protocols and signing off on any other skills they have Able to recognize injuries way before they occur or before they get to the point where the injury needs surgery o Saves a lot of money Professional organization: National Athletic Trainers’ Association o Provides how to act in the clinic, funds, research, etc. ▯ Sports Medicine Umbrella Performance Enhancement: anyone who works with the physician to achieve better performance o Exercise physiology o Biomechanics o Sports Psychology Injury Care and Management: anyone who practices medicine o Practice of Medicine o Athletic Training Primary Players of Sports Medicine team: o Athlete—Coach—Physician—Athletic Trainer All must get along and work together in order to make sure the athlete is as healthy as can be o Same team for a minor (high school/junior) but includes a parent ▯ Domains (which Athletic Trainers also specialize in) Injury/illness prevention and wellness protection o Ex. Surveying the field before a game begins; instructing individuals how to land correctly to prevent injury o In order to minimize amount of injury occurring with athletes Clinical evaluation and diagnosis o Special tests Immediate and emergency care Treatment and rehab Organizational and professional well-being o Must be able to manage financial matters: insurance, large supply orders, designing facility o Must make sure to practice ethically and to stay healthy ▯ Professionalism Personal Qualities o Stamina and ability to adapt to change o Empathy o Sense of humor o Ability to communicate o Intellectual curiosity o Ethics ▯ Importance of Engaging in Evidence Based Practice Develop a clinical question o Must prove what we’re doing is doing what we’re supposed to do o PICO: Identify patient condition Intervention Comparison to other individuals who don’t do intervention Outcome: does the education program affect the athlete in any way Search the literature Appraise evidence Apply evidence Assess the outcome—determines whether or not it will be used in the future ▯ Organizations (know what each organization stands for) NATA AMA: recognized athletic training as an allied health field (1990) BOC: responsible for the certification examination for athletic trainers CAATE: comes up with the education program that all of the programs across the country must do at the minimum ▯ How to Become an Athletic Trainer A bachelor’s degree from CAATE accredited institution (min 2 years) OR a master’s degree from CAATE accredited institution with prerequisites AND pass the national Board of Certification Exam Once certification is obtained depending on state must get license or registration o Licensure is the most restricted and the best certification you can obtain as an athletic trainer Clinical Experiences o Equipment intensive sport (ex. Football at UGA) o Upper extremity and lower extremity o Male and female sports o Out of season Experience up to 25 hours per week 100 hours per month from first to last day of classes Certification Exam o Sets the standards for the practice of athletic training; only accredited certifying body for ATC’s o Proof of degree, courses, clinical experience, and endorsement of Program Director o Completely computerized exam Combines practical skills, theoretical knowledge, and situational knowledge When practicing must be under the supervision of a physician and be in accordance with state acts; liability insurance for mistakes o Must continue education units; be up to date with all current research Required every 3 years Can be done by going to: conventions, workshops, self- study, research, etc. ▯ Basic Review of Anatomy Anatomical position: palms out, standing erect, facing forward o Anything in the body is referenced to this Fundamental position: palms facing the body, standing erect, facing forwards ▯ Planes Three different planes used to cut the body o Sagittal (median) Plane- runs front to back, slice the body in half, dividing it into right and left halves o Frontal (coronal) Plane- runs from right to left, slice the body into a front and back o Transverse Plane- slice body in the middle to give her a top and bottom half It doesn’t matter where you put the plane on the body, only the orientation matters ▯ Axes: points where planes revolve around Transverse axis: plane runs vertical (sagittal plane) Vertical axis : transverse plane Sagittal axis: frontal plane ▯ Terms of Relationship and Comparison (reference point) Superior: anything above Inferior: anything below Posterior: back/butt Anterior: front side Medial: towards the midline Lateral: away from midline Dorsum: foot, hand o Palmar surface is facing up Internal: in towards body rotation, any rotation moving medially External: away from body rotation, lateral rotation Proximal: close to reference point Distal: far away from reference point, anything away from medial or superior ▯ Terms of Laterality Bilateral- two sides, comparing to both sides Unilateral- one side, only looking at injured side, injury only on one side Ipsilateral- same side Contralateral- opposite sides ▯ Terms of Movement Plantar flexion: pointing foot down (ankle) Dorsiflexion: pointing foot up (ankle) Ulnar deviation: medially (wrist) Radial deviation: laterally (wrist) Pronation: hands face down, happens at elbow Supination: hands faced up, happens at elbow, anatomical position Elevation, depression, protraction, retraction happen at shoulder Opposition: thumbs in Reposition: thumbs out, anatomical position Valgus: knee going more medially than normal; blow to lateral side o Can do stretches in each direction Varus: knee going more laterally than normal; bow-legged ▯ ▯ Sagittal Plane: divides the body into left and right sides Axis of rotation: transverse, anterior to posterior Description of axis: frontal Common movements: flexion, extension ▯ Frontal Plane: divides the body into front and back Axis of rotation: Description of axis: Common movements: abduction and adduction ▯ Transverse Plane: divides the body into a top half and bottom half, horizontal Axis of rotation: Description of axis: superior to inferior Common movements: rotation ▯ ▯ Knee Motion: flexion and extension o Plane- sagittal o Axis- frontal, right to left Motion: valgus/varus o Plane- frontal o Axis- anterior to posterior ▯ Hip Motion: flexion/extension o Plane- frontal o Axis- Motion: abduction/adduction o Plane- frontal o Axis- anterior to posterior ▯ ▯
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