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SOC 2181 Week 4: Feb 3

by: -deleted-apierson

SOC 2181 Week 4: Feb 3 SOC 2181


GPA 3.14
South African Political Sociology

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South African Political Sociology
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by -deleted-apierson on Friday February 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to SOC 2181 at George Washington University taught by Buntman in Spring2015. Since its upload, it has received 101 views. For similar materials see South African Political Sociology in Sociology at George Washington University.

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Date Created: 02/06/15
232015 1138 AM D Chapters 1 12 in Long Walk to Freedom by 1222015 D Chapters 13 81 in Long Walk to Freedom by 1222015 D Chapters 1 7 in History ofSouth Afrco by 1222015 Foucault for days What bothers us about the practices under apartheid Is it okay if black guards do it to black prisoners Is it okay if the prisoners are quotbadquot Difference between legality law and legitimacy Detention without trial is suddenly legal But was it legitimate Some would say no because it violates human rights international law or forces apartheid in the prison and upholding apartheid rule Even here though we get into a tricky area because one of the things we see is that apartheid law criminalized things under common law rape murder etc and also criminalized violation of pass laws and political crime Most of what we consider apartheid was all legal The Truth and Reconciliation Commission only challenged the illegal acts committed under apartheid most notably torture Law is what made apartheid powerful Pre trial all countries have systems where people can be detained before their trial When we talk about being without trial it usually means there are no charges whatsoever n pre trial there is both people awaiting trial and detention without trial Post trial means imprisonment based on criminal conviction in a court ie you39re guilty go to prison That brings us back to the distinction between what we might think of as criminal versus political offenses Post trial includes political and criminal offenses Education in prison there was illegal and legal acts For instance University of Robben Island was illegal education You weren39t allowed to continue your work in prison In contrast things like registering for the university of South Africa was legal In the 60s 70s and 80s we see the normalization and professionalization of prisons in South Africa One of the things that was hurting South Africa internationally was quotthe perceptionquot that there was something wrong with the way South Africa ran its prisons It39s another structural contradiction 1 Internal apartheid in the prison prevented South Africa from saying that they had a normal professional prison service 2 Why are you imprisoning someone for their beliefs even if you can justify that it39s violence or sabotage All of this has to do South Africa Page 1 with posttrial people who are imprisoned based on conviction During this time there is an increasing divergence between trying to make posttrial more rule based while making pretrial less rule based and increasingly lawless more torture in the 805 UDF United Democratic Front one of the most important antiapartheid organization in South Africa Very strong Put a lot of pressure on the government in the 80s that probably led to increased torture out of the emergency state think government panic as they begin to obviously lose power In the late 60s we get a first shift that helps us go into the 705 We get the rise of the Black Consciousness Movement BCM It39s just a little liberal dissent in universities They39re mostly white and Englishspeaking National Union of South African Students multiracial antiapartheid liberal left student group Mouthful However Biko comes along in 1969 Says that black students need their own organization The South African Student Organization They need to unite as black people with their own leadership The ANC adopted racial barriers Biko defined quotBlackquot as African Indian or colored Recognized autonomy and psychological emancipation of black people Biko also criticized white liberalism as detrimental to the antiapartheid movement they39re just a lip service They diminish black voices South Africa Page 2


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