Psychology 1101 Introduction Notes
Psychology 1101 Introduction Notes Psychology 1101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Danielle Nwefo on Saturday January 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psychology 1101 at Georgia State University taught by Dr. Tim Flemming in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 88 views. For similar materials see General Psychology in Psychlogy at Georgia State University.
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Date Created: 01/16/16
Psychology 1101 Psychology the scientific exploration of the mind (mental process) and behavior from biological and sociocultural perspectives Levels of Analysis: 1. Molecular Level 2. Neural 3. Physiological different brain areas 4. Mental: thoughts, cognitive 5. Behavioral 6. Social: the one we’re all most familiar with Goals of Psychology: 1. To find out WHY we do what we do 2. To PREDICT 3. To CONTROL (manipulation) Scientific Attitude: Skeptical, Critical, and Curious A. Use the scientific method B. Theory vs. Law: law has evidence to support, more factual and can’t have ANY evidence that refutes it a theory is more of an idea C. Hypothesis: a testable prediction 1. Examine an assumption 2. Evaluate the evidence 3. Asses the conclusion: test other hypotheses disproving the null hypothesis (opposite) 4. Replicate: check your work multiple times Experiments: Correlation does NOT equal causation A. Correlation 2 variables relate to each other 1. Only way to imply anything about causation is to set up an appointment B. Independent Variable: what you MANIPULATE C. Dependent Variable: changes as a result of independent variable; things you MEASURE D. Design: 1 treatment/ conclusion per group 1. Between Subjects a. Experimental vs. Control groups: no intervention or treatment 2. Within Subjects: all groups get all the same treatment/ conditions a. Less variability, less error, and subjects are their own control E. Representative Samples: 1. Variability and Reliability: get consistent outcomes 2. Size: Law of Large Numbers Gene x Environment Interaction: A. Genotype: genetic material B. Phenotype: physical characteristics, body type, personality 1. Eyes have 10 genes C. Polygenetic Genes: multiple genes 1. Genes and Behavior: tendency towards certain psychological/behavioral phenotypes D. Hereditability: extent to which variability in a trait across a population can be accounted for by genes 1. Example: height= 90% coded in genes, 10% environment 2. Personality is 3545% genetic makeup 3. IQ: 66% genetic makeup E. Twin studies 1. Personality is acquired more through genes than the environment
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