GOVT 1111 Lecture 1
GOVT 1111 Lecture 1 GOVT 1111
Popular in Introduction to American Government and Politics
Popular in Political Science
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Amanda Xu on Saturday January 16, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GOVT 1111 at Cornell University taught by Mettler, S in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 64 views. For similar materials see Introduction to American Government and Politics in Political Science at Cornell University.
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Date Created: 01/16/16
LECTURE 09/01 Tocqueville went to US to bring lessons back to France o Surprised by high levels of equality in US: all white male landowners could vote Later, James Bryce was surprised by high levels of inequality because of the guilded age & robber barons Growing up in the US bias in views because of limited viewpoints Increased number of congressional representation by state decreased representation in senate due to state population Representation of women in American politics: top 100 nations in the world US #1 in: incarceration, gun-homicide, child poverty US income inequality on the rise US military spending is equal to the next 7 countries combined Before the Great Depression, the majority of workers were the working poor o After 1947, “rising ride lifted all boats” Relationship between economic inequality & political inequality o Top 1% of wealth in share of all incomes was an upside down bell curve o Party polarization shares same graph shape DISCUSSION 09/01 Lecture breakdown Relationship between economic & political inequality: positive correlation Difference between oligarchy & democracy Path dependency: past shapes direction for politics. Historical lens Partisan polarization Wood Article LOCKE’S LIBERALISM o Social contract given by consent Man gives up state of nature (insecurity but complete autonomy & rights) to follow society ruled by majoritarian rule because society will offer protection of unalienable rights (life, liberty, estates) People agree to congregate society of one body with majoritarian rule Justifies overthrowing corrupt authority o Property: life, liberty, estates o Society protests property with 3 ways to achieve safety/public good Law by common consent AKA majoritarian rule (legislative branch) Impartial judge (judicial branch) Force of community to executive law (executive branch) o Top down (authority protects/ensures rights) JEFFERSON’S REPUBLICANISM o Bottom up (liberalism is top down) o Commonwealth needs patriots Love of country Land: need free will, independence, & permanent connection Similarity of the two: necessity of land/community (Liberalism: majoritarian rule, patriots in community)
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