New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

PHL 223 Week One Book/Lecture Notes

by: Austin Miller

PHL 223 Week One Book/Lecture Notes PHL 223

Marketplace > University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa > PHIL-Philosophy > PHL 223 > PHL 223 Week One Book Lecture Notes
Austin Miller
GPA 3.6

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

A rundown of everything from week one of class, including some vocab from the book.
Medical Ethics
Stuart Rachels
Class Notes
25 ?




Popular in Medical Ethics

Popular in PHIL-Philosophy

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Austin Miller on Sunday January 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHL 223 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Stuart Rachels in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 123 views. For similar materials see Medical Ethics in PHIL-Philosophy at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa.


Reviews for PHL 223 Week One Book/Lecture Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 01/17/16
PHL 223 Week One Book/Lecture Notes *The field of medical ethics began around 1970 Why not before you may ask? 1. Trends in philosophy. a. Philosophy has been dominated by the analysis of language. b. Instead of the free will of a patient, they were more concerned with the meaning of what is it to have free will. Then… A Theory of Justice by John Rawls hit the scene. There was also a large delayed impact of the 60s where a lot of people were doing drugs and partaking in sexual activities more frequently. Common sense also seemed to take root. 2. Technological advancements were creating more and more ethical issues as they were more life-sustaining. *Doctors and nurses have sworn to preserve life and relieve suffering….but how does one do that when the only way to end suffering is to end life? *active euthanasia: “killing,” administering lethal injection; illegal in the US except when judge mandated *passive euthanasia: “letting die,” removing feeding tube; not only legal, but very common *voluntary euthanasia: competent patient voluntarily requests or agrees to euthanasia, either directly asking or through specific instruction (such as a will) to be followed if a vegetative state consumes them *non-voluntary euthanasia: patient is not competent, but the family or doctor decides for the patient *involuntary euthanasia- bringing about a patient’s death against their will with or without consent while they are still competent. This is illegally & morally impermissible. *In the 1960s, most deaths occurred at home…out of the scrutinous eyes of the public. It was a private matter amongst your family and friends. But with this new and improved life-sustaining technology, more and more people are dying in hospitals and institutions. *CRISIS- this medical technology let’s us sustain life longer than ever before, wanted or unwanted in some cases *Karen Quinlan Case (1975): Ø One night, Karen took drugs, in correlation with alcohol and not eating beforehand, which caused anoxia to the brain. Ø Her brain being deprived of oxygen for that long left her in a persistent vegetative state (PVS); a type of coma Ø Stats show ~35,000 U. S. patients in a PVS Ø And ~280,000 in a “minimally conscious state” Ø She would sometimes open eyes, writhe around, and moan…but was completely unresponsive otherwise. Ø As she was losing the ability to breath, hospital staff said they could put her on a ventilator…but didn’t warn her that it would sustain her life, but they wouldn’t remove it. Ø Her condition became wretched as she was nearly dwindled to nothing. Ø Family finally accepted her as lost and asked her to be taken off; Catholic hospital she was in refused to “kill” Quinlan. Ø Eventually, after a successful court appeal, they were able to disconnect Karen’s ventilator and let her rest in peace.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.