Psych 355 (Psychology & Culture
Psych 355 (Psychology & Culture PSY 355
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Shelby Nesbitt on Sunday January 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 355 at Grand Valley State University taught by Dr. Kristy Dean in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 67 views. For similar materials see Psychology & Culture in Psychlogy at Grand Valley State University.
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Date Created: 01/17/16
Psychology & Culture Notes Class #2 Notes Definition of culture o Culture is information that is shared & influences behavior o It is a group of individuals There is variability within the group Differences occur over time Culture boundaries are not clear-cut Culture is often overlooked or disregarded in psychology, until recently (new field starting in 1960s) o Focus on W.E.I.R.D. cultures Western, Educated, Industrialized, Rich, Democratic Very small portion of the world’s population Also focus of kinda weird (unusual) can we really generalize to other culutres? Similar but different concepts: o Ethnicity- group based on common heritage (ancestry, language) Ethnicity= language, religion, culture Example) China: 56 nationally recognized ethnic groups (Han, Uyghur) o Society- a system of interrelationships among people Infrastructure: includes form of government, economic system, etc. Example) family o Society provides opportunity to meet needs & reach goals o Culture explains HOW to do this Example) pursuing education Characteristics of education in U.S.: standardize testing, public school is a free option of education Law of similarity- the image=the object o Example) the chocolate taste test taste & rate different fudge/chocolate; then asked to eat chocolate that resembles dog poop most say no because it looks like poop & not chocolate Law of contagion- once in contact with a person, always in contact; carrier an “essence” of a person o Example) the sweater study try on different sweaters; asked to put on a sweater “worn by Hitler” most say no because Hitler is bad (“essence of Hitler” with the sweater) Class #3 Notes Where do cultural differences come from? o Learned from surrounding other in our geographic region Transmitted culture- information that is socially learned/modeled Ex) what do you call a sweetened carbonated beverage? POP *answer can determine relative area where you are from* o Elicited by the physical environment Evoked culture- information that is evoked by the physical environment Ex) types of food eaten based on how easy it is to produce food influences what body types we’re attracted to Areas with less access to food “fatter” people seen as more attractive because they have access to lots of food Areas with more access to food “skinny” people seen as more attractive because it shows that person is able to control the amount they eat when they have a lot of access to food How is cultural information transmitted? o Overarching perspectives on how cultural knowledge is transmitted Replicates like genes Spread like disease o The Gene Analogy cultural evolution (i.e., creation) involves memes Meme= basic unit of culture Ex) handshake
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