Educational Psychology: Week 1
Educational Psychology: Week 1 2162 EDFI 3020
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2162 EDFI 3020
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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by scolby on Sunday January 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 2162 EDFI 3020 at Bowling Green State University taught by Dr. Daniel Fasko Jr in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 29 views. For similar materials see Educational Psychology in Education and Teacher Studies at Bowling Green State University.
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Date Created: 01/17/16
Week 1 EDFI 3020 Educational Psychology Teaching is an Art and a Science 0 As a Science 0 Research and evidence based 0 Thinking of things differently 0 All of the classes one takes 0 As an Art example 0 Intuitive side 0 Creative side I Keeps the student motivated and interested in the class I Roles of a Teacher as a Decision Maker 0 A Role Model 0 An instructional Expert I Content masters A motivator O A manager I Not a disciplinary I Be positive keep on the academic side 0 A leader of a group O A counselor I Be observant of students 0 An environmental engineer I Set up the classroom how it will best fit you and what you re teaching 0 Issues Affecting Teachers 0 Beginning Teachers 0 Discipline 0 Being a believable authoritative figure I 1St day I Set rules and consequences Students are responsible for how the classroom will be run 0 Being consistent with the rules that are set I Consistency with what you as a teacher is doing 0 Know the content and exhibit that well 0 Frustration I Go back and fin something that will actually work I Be patient and keep trying I Revise as required 0 Motivation 0 Social Issues I Public Law 94142 1975 Mainstreaming Week 1 0 Ensuring that all children are included in regular classrooms 0 This is at least part of the school day I Public Law 102119 1991 IDEA Now the Individuals with Disabilities Education Improvement Act 0 Ensure that all students are included in regular classrooms 0 This is ALL day 0 Cognitive or physical disabilities Special needs or exceptionalities Components of Good Teaching 0 Making decisions 0 The ability to solve problems and think critically 0 Re ection 0 Teaching and communication skills 0 Applying educational research 0 Being knowledgeable of the students and how they learn 0 Their learning styles 0 Pretest formative evaluation 0 Selfknowledge and selfregulation 0 Must be able to selfregulate yourself 0 Knowledge of subject and teaching resources Being a Good Communicator 0 One must develop good listening and speaking skills 0 To become an effective listener I Pay special attention to who is talking I Being able to paraphrase I Synthesizing patterns and themes 0 Especially if in a lecture or learning a lesson I In a competent manner being able to give feedback I Public speaking skills are needed Characteristics of an Effective School 0 A climate that is safe and orderly 0 Is there a hidden agenda curriculum in the school 0 Academic objectives are being concentrated on 0 More effective schools 0 Goal is to teach and to learn about the world 0 The teacher is positive and has high expectations for the students 0 Motivation 0 Selffulfilling prophecy Week 1 0 Student performance is continually monitored 0 Emphasis is placed on O Prosocial Values 0 Sense of Community 0 Development Cooperation 0 Student responsibility and selfregulation 0 The emphasis on external controls have been decreased 0 Parent involvement must be strong 39 Usually students parents who are doing well attend conferences 39 Others who are only worried about surviving do not see that education is important 0 STUDENTS ARE RESPONISBILE FOR LEARNING Role of Educational Psychology 0 Psychology and education are tied to 0 Human behavior 0 Human development 0 Human learning 0 Educational psychology is concerned with 0 Understanding how to learn and teach 0 Creating ways to improve these processes 0 Approach of the class 0 Examining research and theories 0 Applying research and theories to learning and teaching De ning Terms 0 Hypothesis An educated guess based upon your reading of theories 0 Theories Description of a relationship between variables that are proposed 0 Principles More support for a theory A fundamental basis for a theory 0 Laws If a principle stands true after being replicated it will become a law Educational Psychology and Research 0 Three Approaches to Answering Research Questions 1 Correlation There is a relationship between two variables 10 to 10 a What does it mean Remember See scatter plot i Positive If one variable goes up the other will also go up ii Negative As one variable decreases so does the other iii Zero There is no correlation Week 1 1 POSITIVE AND NEGATIVE CORRELATIONS ARE EQUALLY AS STRONG 2 CORRELATION DOES NOT MEAN CAUSATION 2 Experimental a Independent Variable This is the variable that is manipulated to see a change in the dependent variable b Dependent Where the change is shown depends on the independent variable c Experimental study describes What type of research is being done to see causes and correlations i Y quot39039 390quot quotquotquot quot V O O 390quot C O 7 r X Strong positive Strong negative Correlation O correlation 84 correlation 84 a b C 1 Experiments l apdlldamp0ld5 Human DuvL lnpm nl 79 Copyright 1995 TleMran Hmcumpamcs Figure12 rrrrrrrr mgr zegweu LL Subjectsirandomly assigned to TeXperime ntal and control groups Vi L Experimental 5 f Control Independent group I group variable aerobic no aerobic Dependent r Nevvborn s breathing variable 39 and sleeping patterns WA angle 1 5 Principles of experimental strategy Figure 212 Week 1 3 Single Subject Case Design ABA SingleSubject ABA Experimental Design Condition A Condition B Condition A 45 40 35 30 25 2O 1 5 1 O Number of times per minute spoon IS pounded on table 11111111 0 C O C C J 1 I l l I l l l I I I l 4 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Time in minutes Acetate 2 Figure 12 1996 West Publishing Company Research Methods 0 Observation 0 Watch out for observer bias 0 Questionnaires amp Interviews 0 Surveys 0 Standardized testing 0 ACT SAT OGT 0 Clinical Methods 0 Type of interview developed by Piaget O Unstructured 0 Ex Water beakers and does it have the same amount of water Then based on answers the interviewer asks a certain probing question based on the response of each child I This makes replicating the experiment difficult because there cannot be a lot of support for the theories 0 Case Studies 0 This is the information you get from working with someone I on 1 Validity and Reliability 0 3 Types of Validity 1 Content Is it measuring what it should be measuring Content related for the course 2 CriterionPredictive The that measure criteria and can be predictive a EX SATs Higher the score better you will do later on Week 1 3 Construct A type of characteristic a EX Depression Anxiety MMPI Tests that measure these and then can make a diagnosis 0 Reliability Remember 0 Can be trusted and has consistency O A TEST MAY BE RELIABLE BUT NOT VALID 0 Payoff of Ability to Evaluate Research Studies 0 Developing a necessary analytical ability 39 Useful in any occupation 0 Being able to evaluate research I Relevant to being a professional and as a teacher 39 Support What you want to do and know that you need the funds I Test your ideas if you are able
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