Psychology 101 Week one Notes
Psychology 101 Week one Notes PSYC 1010
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Rose Notetaker on Sunday January 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSYC 1010 at Winthrop University taught by in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology in Psychlogy at Winthrop University.
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Date Created: 01/17/16
Psychology 101 Week 1 Notes Important terms: Psychology: Study of behavior and mental processes Psych: soul (who you truly are/inner self) Structuralism: attempt to identify the basic elements of consciousness Introspection: careful systematic self-observation of one’s own consciousness experience Functionalists: concerned with the purpose of consciousness. What the mind does and why History of Psychology: 1. Hippocrates- 400 BC= father of the head 2. Wilhelm Wundt (1832-1920)- also known as the father of psychology. Believed in structuralism and theoretical perspective. Wundt was also the first to create a psychology lab. “Stream of Consciousness” Behavioral Perspective: 1913 John B Watson and B. F Skinner Focused on observable behavior. Doesn’t speculate about mental processes Behavior changes as subjects are aware of being studied Psychoanalytical Perspectives: 1900 Sigmund Freud Unconscious motives and early childhood experiences shape personality development Humanistic Perspective: 1950’s Carl Rogers and Abraham Maslow Humans are free, rational, basically good beings Strives for personal growth Cognitive Perspective: 1950’s Jean Piaget, Noam Chomsky Focus on thoughts and mental process need to examine how people acquire; store and process information Physiological Perspective: 1950 Roger Sperry, James Old Bodily structures and chemical process underline behavior Evolutionary Perspective: 1980’s David Buss Evolutionary basis for behavior Behavior evolves to adapt and solve problems Natural selection of behavior Big Issues in Psychology 1. Stability v. Change 2. Rationality v. Irrationality 3. Nature v. Nurture
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