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Geography 150 Notes, Week 1 and 2

by: Natalie Notetaker

Geography 150 Notes, Week 1 and 2 GEOG 150

Marketplace > Ball State University > GEOG > GEOG 150 > Geography 150 Notes Week 1 and 2
Natalie Notetaker
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Global Geography

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Notes from the first 2 weeks of class: introduction and chapter 1
Global Geography
Class Notes




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This 0 page Class Notes was uploaded by Natalie Notetaker on Sunday January 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to GEOG 150 at Ball State University taught by Airriess in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 100 views. For similar materials see Global Geography in GEOG at Ball State University.


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Date Created: 01/17/16
Geography Thursday January 14 2016 Geo earth Graphos describe Describe the earth Traditional geography What is where Modern Geography why what is where EX Why is Louisiana capitol located where it is Definition of geography spatial or regional distributions of the interrelationships of physical environments andor human behaviors over the earth Atmosphere produces certain types of vegetation Dry environment produces wheat while humidwet environment produces corn Application of a spatial perspective when compared to other disciplines Spatial distribution of wheat in the west corn in the east Everything has a spatial distribution Comparing humanphysical geography and systematicregional geography Human history political science economics Physical geology meteorology Systematic topical economic social development some portion of the world Regional our textbook world regions Geography Chapter 1 Geography and Development in an Era of Globalization Meaning of development 0 Not the same as economic growth economic growth value of goods and services produced in a country in a given year 0 The process in which all people in a country have equal access to resources to better their lives natural resources Development process is not the same for all countriessocieties 0 Development process must be sustainable overtime O 0 Is continues use of fossil fuels sustainable No Qualifying development 0 Environment and natural resources do not guarantee prosperity 0 Cultural in uences on development 0 Historical experiences are important I Men in eastern Kentucky continue to work in coal mines despite their health Population and development 0 Population growth through time 0 Majority of this growth is in less developed countries 0 Ear sum see i 1 331 sn s lllIl I IL 15El is i r 7 l l l l E 1l k i V V as r r r i I r l l 39 39 l qu 7 V i l H l r l 77 H N l r i r r r H W V Canada Liltitted Europe Latin Mlitidle Africa China indie States America East 0 El 3315 Pearson Education Inn 0 Europe and China are decreasing while less developed countries are increasing 0 High growth rates makes for rapid doubling time Table 12 Population Doubling Time by Region Approximate Population Natural Years to Region in millions Growth Rate Dou bile Africa lD 72 25 28 Llnited States and 349 ii 70 Ca nada Asia 4260 ii 63 Europe 740 00 NA Latin America and 599 13 54 Caribbean Oceania 37 ii 63 World 7058 12 58 Source Population Reference BureauquotPooulationr Hlealth and Environmental Data and Estimates for Countries and Regions oitire Worldf3920l2 World Popuiorion Doro Sheet htip wwwprborgz pd 220l2 populotion doto sneerengpdflaccessed August 13 2013 Doubling tirnes gathered by author 0 52015 Pearson EMT3quot quot396 I Immigration is the reason our growth rate is not 0 I To improve growth rate families must have two or more children 0 Half the global population is under the age of 30 0 Global population growth began to decline in the 1980 s Demographic transformation 0 Transformation reduced growth accompanies economic prosperity Tuesday January 19 2016 Stage ll Stage M Stage III Stage W Birtlhrate High 9 High Population Growth Rate Low Low Time Stage 1 Stage 2 Developing countries Stage 3 Developed countries America Stage 4 Developed countries High or low birth rate opposite death rate Demographic transformation 0 Observations I Government policy can alter transformation I Culture sometimes the richer motherfather are the less children they will have The Malthus Marx debate 0 Malthus the problem populationresource imbalance spells disaster I Population increases geometrically I Food increases arithmetically I The opposite of what he expected happened I SubSaharan Africa is an exception 0 Marx unequal access to resources creates economic inequalities I Political systems make it difficult to acess food in some places even though we grow enough food I Too many people don t have things because they can t afford it An urbanizing population 0 Varies with location 0 Industry makes us richer 0 High rates of Urbanization parallels population growth through time Percentage of people moving from rural to urban areas 0 More developed countries 50 in 1950 to 80 in 2030 World 30 to 60 Less developed countries 20 to 55 Less developed countries are developing faster than more developed We America urbanized earlier because we industrialized earlier Greater economic opportunities in urban places drives rural to urban migration Rapid growth of megacities 10 million or more people because of this migration I Are megacities manageable 000000 0 710 megacities are in the poor world 0 massive rural to urban migration caused them 0 rapid growth to squatter settlementsslums 0 there is less money in rural areas so slums can earn income with money left over in the city 0 Not enough jobs in the city to support rural people I People then will get low income jobs just to earn enough to get by O The growth of slums has doubled from 1990 to now I Slums will salvage from the rich garbage O Slum population in urban Africa I Nigeria 60 I Ethiopia 80 I South Africa 25 Environment society and development Various interrelated environment factors create regional ecosystems O Humans are an integral factor in ecosystems 0 Amazonian rain forests are being leveled right now Differences between climate and weather 0 Climate I Occurring over a long period of time months or even years I We dress according to climate I Winter is climate I What people grow crops is related to their locations climate not weather I Humans can plan for climate I Climate is a mixture of precipitation and temperature 0 Weather I An event snowstorm rainstorm can last days Observations on precipitations O The earth is wetter closer to the equator because of the wind habits O Deserts are mid latitude Observations on temperature 0 The earth is hotter closer to the equator 0 Northern hemisphere is cooler 0 Southern hemisphere is warmer Thursday January 21 2016 Observations on vegetation 0 Places are more tropical near the equator O Deserts are all within the same latitude Economic activity 0 Each country posses shares of four economic sectors I Primary extractive poor countries Stage 2 0 EX Mining agriculture fishing timber 0 Poor countries are in this sector 0 The percentage of labor force is more in less developed countries I Secondary manufacturing Somewhat Stage 2 0 EX Industry factories 0 Almost all countries poor or rich has manufacturing of some type Most countries in this sector work on easier manufacturing items such as shoes I Tertiary services Mainly Stage 3 Little stage 4 America 0 EX Dining hospitals personal financial education I Quaternary research and information Mainly Stage 4 Little Stage 3 America 0 EX Logistic services 0 The research behind putting things together 0 Amazon is a service but the Those who bought this also bought this is research Geographic Dimensions of Development 0 GNI PPP and measuring wealth I Gross National Income Purchasing Power Parody I 18000 or more per capita US Chile Russia Australia India most of Europe I Since WWII global GNI has dramatically increased 0 3 problems with GNI PPP I income inequality 0 the income is controlled by certain sections of the population I RuralUrban inequalities 0 The urban population controls 80 of the income I Gender inequality 0 Women earn less than men almost everywhere O Other measurements of of wealth Per capita energy consumption 0 US Canada Russia and Australia use the most amounts of energy 0 This is because of automobile use 0 US consumes 20 of the worlds resources mostly energy 0 Biofuel use is decreasing but coal gas oil hydroelectricity and nuclear electricity are increasing dramatically over the last 15 years Life expectancy 0 75 years or more more developed countries 0 60 or less less developed countries 0 this is because of diseases Food supply calories 0 America Canada Europe consume too many calories than necessary 0 Africa consumes too less calories Human development index 0 Includes Life expectancy at birth educational attainment and income 0 Countries considered high developed countries 0 Countries considered low subSaharan Africa Women s status gender inequality index 0 Females include a little over 50 of the human population 0 Reproductive health empowerment work force participation


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