Class Note for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA
Class Note for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA
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Date Created: 02/06/15
LeCture Q2 28 Aug 2008 506 meet a 1505h Today ConBio Footprint Conservation Biology ECOL 406R506R Primack Chl University of Arizona Meine et al 2006 Fall 2008 Kevin Bonine Ecological Footprint Mary Jane Epps Upcoming Readings Tues 02 Sept Primaok Ch l pp 6468 of Ch3 Callioott1997 from Meffe and Carroll Thurs 04 Sept Leopold readings see website 13 r Lab Fr39i 1230 Sep 5 rh west side BSE 1 Student Chapter of the Tucson Herpetological Society Reptiles amp Amphibians Club EllD Ill l l l 39 First meeting of the semester 39I39hurs September 4th 6PM in Bio Sciences East I FREE PIZZA 2 ase take half a card Name major year in schoo Why taking Conservation Biolo Hobbies How can we remember this person physical attribute or memorable story The Science Behind Conservation Biology is Challenging Biological history 22 I Earth39s searogkalmnwy Party mm any man was mmzmnulrv 06m Qmmlury iiimynn Humm Lvnlw many large mammals bixwmxcx nd mumy as myii D vmsl mdnn of Mid mummak naming yhmh and lilde mm m mya mm mmmm ii divuniiy quotowning phms ma mimmmi 39ly MMIEninniun atmdnlpmiud 75 5mm aimppm him 20s my Divm Humum maimm Ifmyr nmd Mm mm m myn Early dlnmuu ns mammals mmiim lnverluhmhrs dlvnnify Iilst mve ng gammy Eninr ann and MPHlad 65 quotEspmu disappear Permian 2w mya Repl a dimmiiy amphibian dedlnnM1u Eulnnlmi ii ina oipmm19W ulspudis iiimppmo Cadmnifnmus 55 my Extensive hmquot mu am mpiiIIi msudsdivuiily Devonian 417 my mm divmliy Kirstinch and ampmbiilu Mm Mimiiii n a cl pa ud mm alspeas disapper Silurhm mm imvim ash aim usk A nmd Ms I nl quot mi mammmmm39lmi 1 P D39davklan an myi M Exlinalml alund nlpmnd 175 imam i i ma 1 Cambnall 543 my Mmi animal mm me divrfsa igm am my Dd nmnn hum mebm I5 mi Euimym avalvn sevan animal phyla mm 23 by Orig n iii We pmknryutb Mimi 45 2 mimiiiimmmwimi uiimmmi Biological history Eukar yotic ce 5 3 2 5 Oldest fossils 20 ukary ic ll 1 E of co r a 10 1 7 3 A 5 1 da 150 39 E th mllllo years foarlins Origin of Life 6 7 s 9 m 11 1 Oldest fossils 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 Photo synthesis evolves 26 Retarded hismry lls the last 5 secnnds nf day so Madam humans app ezred in the 1m 10 minutes at day so 3 s mssmars Humans on planet Ealth e7 3 m7 5 WWW Mme quotMy m 2 g3 1bon In 1850 E 66 billion in 2008 2 I93 1 am 6m 4mm 2mm lt nh An 2000 Yul Meffeand 3va 1997 sy cnw Ncwrlhclm comm me hiulugim nw39cu ingb nwngnkclhallhcwoxhnum and MUnnuclhrun lu bhuHcrshy vnlutu uH have m do wth hunnlns Noss 1999 p 118 n 1948 In I JW U E Hulchinsun w 39nm 01 hr dam Cr 0 lllc L pzmdn human popululiun and 111C dxsruplmn ol guochcmicul cyck s one nmcnme of which couh be glnlm u hing from Nos 1999 u E a n I O 0 LL 2 E U 0 39 Social Issues Related To Conservation Biology are Challenging 10 Ecological Footprint Country Per Capna Ecological Footprint Hectares of land per person Unwed Slates The Nelheriands lrrclra A W 1 ha 247 acres Country Total Ecological Footprim Hectares O Urrared Slates 39 3 billion I 94 rnrllron hectares quot 39 lbllllofi 2 hecla39es Figure 15 nelawe ecological foolpnnxs or me Unxzed Slams lne Netherr lands and inma An ecological foolprlnlis me amount a land needed to pron duce llle resources needed by an average person n a counlry n would take lhe land area or aboul lhreo planet earrns ll all ma world s 5 2 billion people cmmmed lne same amuunl nl resources a s consumcu by lne 288 rrnilron rn me Unwed Slates Mnrer 2003 21 hectares The Nell mflands liidla PS Learn the metric system Ecological Footprint Def Number of productive acres fishing grounds forests agricultural fields needed to maintain a given lifestyle Driving roads vehicles fuel etc Housing land and resources for construction Food land transport inputs trophic level Other goods and services In 2002 model US citizens used 24 acresperson on average Canadians 17 Italians 9 Pakistanis 2 As of 2002 model planet has about 45 acresperson Sustainability 1 acre 0405 hectare museum n 5 Foot Momm v 1 seam 42 snobsSERVICES a 7 TOTAL roownrm 15 ECOLOGICAL murmur CAMPAIGN m cawmson m AVERAGE EcoLoGIcAl mammnN vauk pm the ampmgm coquRv Is 2 ACRES aEvaRsoN Wha M va Aboutthe warm womwmz mix Exxsr 45 amoeme nRoDuCnvE ACRES 5mm m E Q m vExsou EMAIL x Evmans uvzu uxz vou WE WOULD NEED 34 Dumas Ema a Fwd r zma mm m YaurSEV a WHAT vou CAN Do quotWWW Mummy Mm na Qty 5mm m Camnuseg COMMENTS AND QuEsnons 39 Comment m m aan sz mummy Asked emu n awn about my Spam what about Amtqu 23 GLOBAL NECI ARES mm 05 Mauluw rm SHELTER 09 scansSERVICES 97 TOTAL FOOTPRINT 2 s 2 3 X z 47 69 acres m ConARlsoN ms AVERAGE ECOLOGICAL rammm m vauA cuurmu 15 12 mean NECrAREs PER Balsam waxmwmz run 3057 m almommu pauuumvz amen HECI ARES can uzasun IF svsnvons uvzo uxa you ws waum NEED 15 DLANETS s 2 m 3 a u Infrastructure and Lifestyle 12 Contribution to Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Global Warming Ecological Footprint Conlnbullan in Global ram M Pannpltu Emis lumx main Inns 1ltlul riiul uiLunilr wh Miller 2mm 25 Your assignment for today was For Thursday please calculate your ecological footprint TWICE Ecological Once for your life here in the US A second time using the same information but choose a different country httpwwwmyfoofprintorgen Frequently Asked Questions re Ecological Footprint httpwww rprogressorgecologicalfootprintfootprintFAQs htm Bring the Numbers to Class on Thursday Convert to Hectares 26 13 AVERAGE PER CAPIIA FUDTPRINT IN GLDBAL HEL39IARES BY DUNSUMFHUN CATEGORY Global Average mm 2347 Imam M m L I rnnmnum39u Hmmnnr mrmwi 7 mm 2347 KevinUsAug2008 g If everyone on the planet lived my lifestyle we would need 505 Earths MY FUUTPRINT lN ELDEAL HEETARES BY CUNSUMPHUN CATEGORY d 3H 256 255 I l Mytnutmw I LawnAwng 132 121 m 7925 M mmunannnnl FunnFnumnnl Huusmanntpnnt BunnsannSewmesFuntmmt MVFDUTPRWTSHARE EV ElUME I Emulann lnuthm I Pasturelnn luumrmt Mawushauasmumnm I Fnramann luutnnnt Total 7925 14 What do the data tell us Name US Footprint ha Other Footprint ha Kevin B 79 25 18 89 in Botswana M1ke 53 99 28 65 in greece Toddl 59 49 27 s21ta1y Nathan 54 07 15 71 Chlna Anne 49 31 518 Tanzania Glen 39 3s 5 leand Amanda 44 29 9 44 Kenya Kevin 67 01 22 3 Guatemala Jhenmle 3o 37 2 8 Jamalca Meryl 33 18 10 31 Switzerland Kim 65 04 714 Vietnam Phuong 7120 5 39 Vietnam Ursula 65 94 18 70 Argentina D 7616 7 656 Namlbla D 67 32 4 05 Argnamstan Antne 58 29 35 25 Gennany Kim 98 3 24 8 Chlna Hltoml 64 s 35 52 Japan Amy 44 57 34 82 Czeen Zaen 5199 14 96 Argentina Andrew 75 91 77 58 Australia Ashwm 5195 3 79 Indla Brandon 8131 34 29 Swaziland Lauren 5915 33 81 Spam Mackenzie 42 7 1s 03 Thailand Isabel 64 72 33 91 Japan Kai 89 91 19 55 Botswana Roberto B 18 44 Japan NIean 6262 for 28 Mean 2154 mas o menos 29 Kevin Botswana Aug 2008 Q If everyone on the planet MY FUDTPRINT lN GLOBAL HECTARES BY DUNSUMPTIDN CATEGORY lived my lifestyle we would need 120 earths m I My tu twmt l MWAvenue 135 48 45 4 35 319 37 J 17 13 U 4I Tum 1889 lerDnFontant FunnFumunnt HuusmanumHnt BUDUSBHUSEWICESFIJEIl39Dllnl Ml FUUTPR NT SHARE B t EIDME I mnland 10011111111 I F nnwrmu 100mm Manna 1151151153 mnlpnnl l luresllanutuutnmxt 30 1889 15 Social Issues Related to Conservation Biology are Challenging There are only 1571 global hectares available per person on a renewable basis This means we are overshooting the Earth s biological capacity by nearly 50 To sustain present levels of consumption we would need 15lEARTHSl 23471571 15 31 Ecological Footprint 39 i The big choices seem to matter the most transportation food unprocessed local trophic level housing reproduction Caunw m cum mingmni Fnowml mamas a land wrwrsonl a Recycl in 9 etc im porta nt but not as big an impact Paper or Plastic Bring your own Cuunlry mm Ewlnnlcul Foalpvlnl Human 32 16 Ecological Footprint Reproducti on Housing Travel Food Etc mm u iv quotinquot Pacific 0mm Commoner Ehrlich early 1970 Developg Countries 12 billion people 19 high average per capita purchasing power have 85 world s wealth I P A T use 88 natural resources generate 75 Waste and pollution Environmental Impact Population x Affluence X TechnolOgy of a society consumption Poor parents in a developing country Develo In Countries p Ssll 0f the people need to have 70200 have 15 World s wealth Chlldren to equal the use 12 world s natural resources ImPaCt 0f 2 US produce 25 waste and pollution children 34 17 One of Commoner s lasting legacies is his four laws of ecology as written in The Closing Circle in 1971 The four laws are 1 Everything is Connected to Everything Else There is one ecosphere for all living organisms and what affects one affects all 2 Eve hing Must Go Somewhere There is no quotwastequot in nature and there is no away to which things can be thrown 3 Nature Knows Best Humankind has fashioned technology to improve upon nature but such change in a natural system is says Commoner likely to be detrimental to that system 4 There Is No Such Thing as a Free Lunch In nature both sides of the equation must balance for every gain there is a cost and all debts are eventually paid 35 Table 21 Elosystern Semires and Funnions lguu39cm m m l39mvplu uh lCLHlJKUH lmvw nurme mu l nllnmmv hmim Maw Nun h 39 low yrnduutmn Rm ru m Lmum mmnm RLQFLJHUI Lulrnml an mnmn m mnmcr vi N ml39rr mmui ma ltaurmzr of 12 n l h lumm mum mun m urpmh muml lm in mil mhu rluwm l m Imirh39m n U ml uln39vmm m l a mumn mm m Jr inmm k rnu Y r um nmmi m i u Hm Brennan and Withgott 2005 18 Consilience in Conservation Biology Science and the Humanities the uniting of knowledge 37 Competent before radical Data and science then fingerpainting an m Lobby rams swimquot mmy member a 20m thgmphy Music Games Find mm mm haw m can rcdutz ynur mingml newquot and so much mow mm unnluulnAuuumnnunl nlum 2003 V r I M 38 2003 photos courtsy of Ben Joslin 19
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