CLP3305 Week 1 of Lecture Notes: 1/8, 1/11, 1/13, 1/15
CLP3305 Week 1 of Lecture Notes: 1/8, 1/11, 1/13, 1/15 CLP3305
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Courtney Adams on Sunday January 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CLP3305 at Florida State University taught by Dr. Sullivan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 102 views. For similar materials see Clinical and Counseling Psychology in Sociology at Florida State University.
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Date Created: 01/17/16
Clinical Psychology CLP3305 1/8/16 Psychiatrists vs. Psychologists • Psychiatrists o Different than a psychologist o A physician o ***Rooted in the medical tradition*** à Biggest difference o Medical model: biochemical o Should be used if life threatening o Treated medically with medicine à Most people think this is the difference between psychiatry and psychology but that’s NOT correct • Psychologists o NOT treated medically o A more proactive approach o Traditionally work with normal or moderately maladjusted o Psychology model: social, economical Counseling vs. Clinical Psychology • Both are very similar Clinical: works with people who are having suicidal thoughts, suffering from PTSD à more extreme cases Clinical Counseling Counseling: working with people suffering from family issues, interracial issues, etc. Other mental heath professions • School counselor: usually do what their boss say (principles), works a lot with administration • School psychologist: does a lot of assessments, works a lot with one student and then moves on to the next, makes recommendations to the parents, very intense BUT brief • Mental health tech: what you get trained for, short course and then hired right out of college Clinical Psychology CLP3305 1/11/16 The Clinical Psychologist • Makes up 50% of grad school majors, most of these descriptions apply to MOST but not all psychologists • Activities of a clinical psychologist o ***Therapy/Intervention*** § Usually individual: what most people do § Group Therapy: a little more difficult à everyone wants something different (meeting times, etc.) • Most effective when there are captive groups like in prison or hospitals § Varies amount different dimensions or orientations • Symptom substitution o Freud believes in this (NOT skinner) o It depends on the therapist AND client o There is NO major bullet o You have to match your counseling styles with the clients and then decide which route you want to take o ***Diagnosis/Assessment*** § MOST do this at the beginning to decide which route to take § Trying to understand the client and decide on the best course of action • Ex: Court experts practice diagnosis and assessment. This is basically all they do § Chief element of the clinical psychologist’s identity • HISTORY: clinical psychology originates from the military o ***Administration*** § You are ONLY as good as your records § Record security is also very important o **Consultation** § When you talk a case over with another professional § Should be someone you don’t have a close relationship with • Ex: NOT a husband, boyfriend, family member, CAN BE a friend § Should be in the right setting, secure location • Example: If you are counseling a client that is dealing with the death of her grandma and your grandma passes too, would you refer the client? Clinical Psychology CLP3305 o There are two questions to consider. 1. How are you doing with the death of your grandma? Were you close with her? Were you expecting it? 2. How is your relationship with that client? How long have you been counseling her? a. If you just started, maybe you should refer her. If you have been meeting with her for a while and are nearing the end, you should maybe stick with it. All depending on how well you are taking the death • 1-‐3 are very rare and NOT as important as the first four activities o Teaching o Clinical supervision o Research 1/13/16 Employment sites • #1 Private Practice o You have a license and you work along side with insurance companies • University settings: counseling centers, psychology department • Others: military, criminal justice system, prison system Demographic Notes • The percentage of women is dramatically rising (34%) o Its getting harder and harder to find older female therapists and younger male therapists • Orientations o Integrative (29%) § Or “flexible” § Take your personality and problem and match it to a specific therapy technique § Different for each person o Cognitive (28%) § Common and effective for clients who suffer from anxiety and depression § Very popular today o Psychodynamic (15%) § Freud § People with family and early childhood issues § Lengthy, clinical o Behavioral Clinical Psychology CLP3305 § Skinner § Works well with children and pet therapy • Some say they are dissatisfied with they job as a clinical psychologist (12%) o Mostly because of the money • Research and scientific tradition o Where the research and application collide o Have to understand the research and then be able to apply it o Mostly focusing on studying groups during research o Statistical significance § There will be times when the group differences will be different and its assumed that it is because of the treatment Training PhD vs. PsyD • PhD: Doctor of Philosophy o Emphasis on the scientist (research) o Scientist (75%) and Practitioner (25%) o Will mostly focus on research o More difficult to get into than medical school o Less money because the school usually pays some o Usually one more year o Want to work at major research universities o Focus of research and publications o MORE important emphasis of orientation § Want to focus on applying based on research (need to be 100% certain the university is doing the research you are interested in à narrow your options, match research interests) • PsyD: Doctor of Psychology o Emphasis on the practitioner (applied) o Practitioner (75%) and Scientist (25%) o Will focus more on the applied part o Easier to get into o Cost more money because they are usually private schools o Wants to work with people o Don’t emphasize on research and publications o Emphasis of orientation § Since working with people, you want to keep in mind which type of people you want to work with (children, elderly, etc.) § Have to also keep in mind the languages you want to be around (if you speak French, Spanish, etc.), or if you want to work with people who are in military Clinical Psychology CLP3305 • Masters level o Terminal masters: that’s all you want § Clinical social worker § Mental heath worker • Working in grad school isn’t really harder BUT there is so much more to do o Very difficult on relationships: NO time, moving a lot 1/15/16 Clinical Training Programs • **Scientist-‐practitioner model** all APA programs have to adopt this model o A mix of scientist (research) and practitioner (applied) o At least 75% of one and 25% of the other but have to adopt BOTH o Completed in 5 years (including internship) • Coursework o Full term, usually starting in Aug o Usually very flexible, they will work with you • Practicum work o Basically a pre-‐internship • Research o Important for schools practicing more of the scientist model o PhD • The qualifying exam o PsyD: usually a case study where you take info about a client, assess them and then come up with a solution o PhD: usually a written exam • Internship o One year of supervised work to get experience o Mandatory for ALL APA accredited schools
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