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CLP3305 Week 1 of Lecture Notes: 1/8, 1/11, 1/13, 1/15

by: Courtney Adams

CLP3305 Week 1 of Lecture Notes: 1/8, 1/11, 1/13, 1/15 CLP3305

Marketplace > Florida State University > Sociology > CLP3305 > CLP3305 Week 1 of Lecture Notes 1 8 1 11 1 13 1 15
Courtney Adams
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These are thorough notes from Dr. Sullivan's first week of lectures. Enjoy and feel free to reach-out with any questions or if you need a study buddy!
Clinical and Counseling Psychology
Dr. Sullivan
Class Notes




Popular in Clinical and Counseling Psychology

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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Courtney Adams on Sunday January 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CLP3305 at Florida State University taught by Dr. Sullivan in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 102 views. For similar materials see Clinical and Counseling Psychology in Sociology at Florida State University.


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Date Created: 01/17/16
    Clinical  Psychology       CLP3305   1/8/16     Psychiatrists  vs.  Psychologists       • Psychiatrists   o Different  than  a  psychologist   o A  physician   o ***Rooted  in  the  medical  tradition***  à  Biggest  difference   o Medical  model:  biochemical   o Should  be  used  if  life  threatening     o Treated  medically  with  medicine  à  Most  people  think  this  is  the   difference  between  psychiatry  and  psychology  but  that’s  NOT  correct     • Psychologists     o NOT  treated  medically   o A  more  proactive  approach   o Traditionally  work  with  normal  or  moderately  maladjusted   o Psychology  model:  social,  economical       Counseling  vs.  Clinical  Psychology     • Both  are  very  similar         Clinical:  works  with  people  who  are  having     suicidal  thoughts,  suffering  from  PTSD  à  more     extreme  cases   Clinical     Counseling   Counseling:  working  with  people  suffering  from     family  issues,  interracial  issues,  etc.           Other  mental  heath  professions     • School  counselor:  usually  do  what  their  boss  say  (principles),  works  a  lot   with  administration   • School  psychologist:  does  a  lot  of  assessments,  works  a  lot  with  one  student   and  then  moves  on  to  the  next,  makes  recommendations  to  the  parents,  very   intense  BUT  brief   • Mental  health  tech:  what  you  get  trained  for,  short  course  and  then  hired   right  out  of  college                   Clinical  Psychology       CLP3305   1/11/16     The  Clinical  Psychologist       • Makes  up  50%  of  grad  school  majors,  most  of  these  descriptions  apply  to   MOST  but  not  all  psychologists     • Activities  of  a  clinical  psychologist     o ***Therapy/Intervention***   § Usually  individual:  what  most  people  do   § Group  Therapy:  a  little  more  difficult  à  everyone  wants   something  different  (meeting  times,  etc.)   • Most  effective  when  there  are  captive  groups  like  in   prison  or  hospitals   § Varies  amount  different  dimensions  or  orientations   • Symptom  substitution   o Freud  believes  in  this  (NOT  skinner)   o It  depends  on  the  therapist  AND  client     o There  is  NO  major  bullet   o You  have  to  match  your  counseling  styles  with   the  clients  and  then  decide  which  route  you  want   to  take     o ***Diagnosis/Assessment***   § MOST  do  this  at  the  beginning  to  decide  which  route  to  take   § Trying  to  understand  the  client  and  decide  on  the  best  course   of  action   • Ex:  Court  experts  practice  diagnosis  and  assessment.   This  is  basically  all  they  do   § Chief  element  of  the  clinical  psychologist’s  identity   • HISTORY:  clinical  psychology  originates  from  the   military       o ***Administration***   § You  are  ONLY  as  good  as  your  records   § Record  security  is  also  very  important     o **Consultation**   § When  you  talk  a  case  over  with  another  professional   § Should  be  someone  you  don’t  have  a  close  relationship  with   • Ex:  NOT  a  husband,  boyfriend,  family  member,  CAN  BE   a  friend   § Should  be  in  the  right  setting,  secure  location     • Example:  If  you  are  counseling  a  client  that  is  dealing  with  the  death  of  her   grandma  and  your  grandma  passes  too,  would  you  refer  the  client?       Clinical  Psychology       CLP3305   o There  are  two  questions  to  consider.     1. How  are  you  doing  with  the  death  of  your  grandma?  Were  you  close   with  her?  Were  you  expecting  it?   2. How  is  your  relationship  with  that  client?  How  long  have  you  been   counseling  her?   a. If  you  just  started,  maybe  you  should  refer  her.  If  you  have   been  meeting  with  her  for  a  while  and  are  nearing  the  end,  you   should  maybe  stick  with  it.  All  depending  on  how  well  you  are   taking  the  death     • 1-­‐3  are  very  rare  and  NOT  as  important  as  the  first  four  activities     o Teaching   o Clinical  supervision   o Research       1/13/16     Employment  sites     • #1  Private  Practice   o You  have  a  license  and  you  work  along  side  with  insurance  companies   • University  settings:  counseling  centers,  psychology  department     • Others:  military,  criminal  justice  system,  prison  system     Demographic  Notes     • The  percentage  of  women  is  dramatically  rising  (34%)   o Its  getting  harder  and  harder  to  find  older  female  therapists  and   younger  male  therapists   • Orientations   o Integrative  (29%)   § Or  “flexible”   § Take  your  personality  and  problem  and  match  it  to  a  specific   therapy  technique   § Different  for  each  person   o Cognitive  (28%)     § Common  and  effective  for  clients  who  suffer  from  anxiety  and   depression   § Very  popular  today   o Psychodynamic  (15%)   § Freud     § People  with  family  and  early  childhood  issues   § Lengthy,  clinical   o Behavioral       Clinical  Psychology       CLP3305   § Skinner   § Works  well  with  children  and  pet  therapy   • Some  say  they  are  dissatisfied  with  they  job  as  a  clinical  psychologist  (12%)   o Mostly  because  of  the  money   • Research  and  scientific  tradition   o Where  the  research  and  application  collide   o Have  to  understand  the  research  and  then  be  able  to  apply  it   o Mostly  focusing  on  studying  groups  during  research     o Statistical  significance   § There  will  be  times  when  the  group  differences  will  be   different  and  its  assumed  that  it  is  because  of  the  treatment       Training       PhD  vs.  PsyD     • PhD:  Doctor  of  Philosophy   o Emphasis  on  the  scientist  (research)   o Scientist  (75%)  and  Practitioner  (25%)   o Will  mostly  focus  on  research     o More  difficult  to  get  into  than  medical  school   o Less  money  because  the  school  usually  pays  some   o Usually  one  more  year   o Want  to  work  at  major  research  universities     o Focus  of  research  and  publications   o MORE  important  emphasis  of  orientation   § Want  to  focus  on  applying  based  on  research  (need  to  be  100%   certain  the  university  is  doing  the  research  you  are  interested   in  à  narrow  your  options,  match  research  interests)       • PsyD:  Doctor  of  Psychology   o Emphasis  on  the  practitioner  (applied)   o Practitioner  (75%)  and  Scientist  (25%)   o Will  focus  more  on  the  applied  part   o Easier  to  get  into     o Cost  more  money  because  they  are  usually  private  schools   o Wants  to  work  with  people   o Don’t  emphasize  on  research  and  publications   o Emphasis  of  orientation     § Since  working  with  people,  you  want  to  keep  in  mind  which   type  of  people  you  want  to  work  with  (children,  elderly,  etc.)   § Have  to  also  keep  in  mind  the  languages  you  want  to  be  around   (if  you  speak  French,  Spanish,  etc.),  or  if  you  want  to  work  with   people  who  are  in  military           Clinical  Psychology       CLP3305   • Masters  level   o Terminal  masters:  that’s  all  you  want     § Clinical  social  worker   § Mental  heath  worker     • Working  in  grad  school  isn’t  really  harder  BUT  there  is  so  much  more  to  do     o Very  difficult  on  relationships:  NO  time,  moving  a  lot       1/15/16     Clinical  Training  Programs     • **Scientist-­‐practitioner  model**  all  APA  programs  have  to  adopt  this  model   o A  mix  of  scientist  (research)  and  practitioner  (applied)   o At  least  75%  of  one  and  25%  of  the  other  but  have  to  adopt  BOTH   o Completed  in  5  years  (including  internship)     • Coursework   o Full  term,  usually  starting  in  Aug   o Usually  very  flexible,  they  will  work  with  you     • Practicum  work   o Basically  a  pre-­‐internship     • Research   o Important  for  schools  practicing  more  of  the  scientist  model     o PhD     • The  qualifying  exam     o PsyD:  usually  a  case  study  where  you  take  info  about  a  client,  assess   them  and  then  come  up  with  a  solution   o PhD:  usually  a  written  exam       • Internship   o One  year  of  supervised  work  to  get  experience     o Mandatory  for  ALL  APA  accredited  schools    


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