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Education: Critical Investigation , Week 1 Notes

by: Jayla Johnson

Education: Critical Investigation , Week 1 Notes EDUC 20003

Marketplace > Texas Christian University > Education and Teacher Studies > EDUC 20003 > Education Critical Investigation Week 1 Notes
Jayla Johnson
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About this Document

These notes cover material for modules 1 and 2.
Critical Investigation: Teaching and Learning
Richard Curby Alexander
Class Notes
Education, Critical Investigation, Curby Alexander




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jayla Johnson on Sunday January 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EDUC 20003 at Texas Christian University taught by Richard Curby Alexander in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 77 views. For similar materials see Critical Investigation: Teaching and Learning in Education and Teacher Studies at Texas Christian University.

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Date Created: 01/17/16
History  of  Education  in  the  U.S.:  Colonization  to  Industrial  Revolution Learning  Objectives     1. Students  will  be  able  to  summarize  in  their  own  words  the   characteristics  of  the  Dame  School,  Latin  Grammar  School,  and  Common   School.   ● Dame Schools were ran by housewives who took in  children for a low cost. The housewives would teach reading, basic  prayers, religious beliefs, and writing. Dame schools often provided the  only formal education most girls received. ● Common schools were created to provide education for the “average person” although it may or may not been at public expense or  available to everyone. ● Latin Grammar School (“college prepatory school”) is the  earliest secondary education school. A boy entered the school at age 7 or  8 and spent 7 years learning Latin and Greek  2. Students  can  describe  the  contributions  of  Horace  Mann  and  Henry   Barnard  to  education  reform  in  the  19th  Century.    ● Horace Mann was the 1st Secretary of Education in  Massachusetts. He made the school day longer, raised teacher’s salary,  introduced new textbooks, and organized libraries in many schools. He  established the Massachusetts Board of Education, and founded the first  public normal school for training elementary school teachers.   ● Henry Barnard was appointed the Secretary of Education in Rhode Island. He contributed textbooks and building inspections, the bell  schedule, parent­teacher partnerships, Institute for Teacher Training, and  an American Education Research Journal.  3. Students  can  summarize  in  their  own  words  Horace  Mann’s  6   Principles  of  Universal  Schooling. ● The public should no longer remain ignorant; ● Such education should be paid for, controlled, and sustained by an interested public; ● Education will be best provided in schools that embrace  children from a variety of backgrounds; ● Education must be non­sectarian; (religion separate from  school) ● Education must be taught by the spirit method and discipline  of a free society; ● Education should be provided by well­trained professional  teachers; 4. Students  can  explain  the  11  recommendations  made  by  the   Committee  of  Ten. (1892 National curriculum for college preperation) ● 12 years of education ○ 8 elementary/4 high school ● Standard education for every student     ○ Simplify instructional techniques and teacher  training ● English, math, and history taught every year ● Geography, geology, and civics taught at least once  ● Biology, chemistry, and physics taught in this order ● Subject­specific teacher training courses (methods) ● Lower tuition for teacher college ● Travel fees for classroom teachers ● mentor teachers (student teaching)   Module 1 Describe the ways in which schools in New England, the South, and the middle  colonies were similar, as well as ways they were different. Religion played an import role in early New England, the South, and the middle colonies. Although each society incorporated religion they did so in a different way. New England  made religion there main purpose for educating children in their Old Deluder Satan Act  stating, it is important that all children learn how to read because Satan would try to keep people from understanding the Scriptures. New England saw education as very  important because of this they went through three types of schools town schools, moving schools, and district schools. As things changed in New England so did the way children  were educated. In the south there were no schools like in New England and the middle  colonies, plantation owners were encouraged to get private tutors. The southern  colonies were not as concerned with religion being primary like New England and the  middle colonies. Religion was taught to settlers through the Anglican Church and they  did not believe everyone had an obligation to read like the Puritans believed. The middle colonies had many religious groups  and as a result private venture schools were  created. These schools were not publicly funded like the New England schools were.  Describe the various educational opportunities that were offered to females from  the 1700's through the early 1900's.  Universal education, dame schools, apprenticeships, and instruction time between 5:00  and 7:00 am are all various educational opportunities that were offered to females from  the 1700s through the early 1900s. Universal education granted girls and other omitted  groups access to elementary and secondary education. Dame schools were ran by  housewives who took in children (mostly girls), and taught them reading, writing,  religious studies, and basic prayers. This served as the only formal education many girls  ever received. Apprenticeships were offered to girls and lasted from 3 to 10 years. The  apprentice is taught the basic skills of a particular trade and during this time they may  also be taught writing, reading, and arithmetic. Lastly, New England schools allowed  girls to have instruction before school from 5:00 to 7:00 am before the boys got to  school.


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