Education: Critical Investigation, week 1
Education: Critical Investigation, week 1 EDUC 20003
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jayla Johnson on Sunday January 17, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to EDUC 20003 at Texas Christian University taught by Richard Curby Alexander in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 105 views. For similar materials see Critical Investigation: Teaching and Learning in Education and Teacher Studies at Texas Christian University.
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Date Created: 01/17/16
History of Education in the U.S.: Reconstruction to NCLB Learning Objectives 1. Students will be able to contrast the differences in educational philosophy between Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois. ● Booker T. Washington believed that the traditional curriculum would neither prepare his students nor help improve the tensions with the white community. He believed strongly in the idea of learning by doing, so he instructed his students to build the school themselves. During this process they learned practical skills, grew produce that could be sold to the white community, and in general showed the whites that African Americans could be productive members of society. ● W.E.B. DuBois believed that Washington’s policy would not benefit African Americans in the long run.Although practical training was necessary they believed an intellectually sound and academically rich program of study must also be established for the “talented tenth” of the student body. 2. Students will be able to summarize the concept of “separate but equal” and describe how this related to public education. (Jim Crow) ● “Separate but Equal” gave institutions a way to get around integrating the university and receiving grant money. As a result 1890 institutions were created for higher education were created for African Americans. In the case of Plessy v. Ferguson the U.S. supreme court upheld the constitutionality of “separate but equal” accommodations for African Americans. A way to suppress African Americans. 3. Students can summarize the main principles of the Individuals with Disabilities Act. (1990) ● Fair and appropriate education (FAPE) ● Appropriate Evaluation ● An individual education program (IEP) ● Least restrictive environment (LRE) ● Parent and student participation in decision making ● Procedural safeguards ● Response to Intervention (RTI) ★ Admission Review Dismissal Committee (ARD) ○ work together when student is admitted into a disabilities class to track their progress 4. Students can explain the reasons Sputnik prompted fear across the U.S., as well as the ways it helped improve education. ● Sputnik was the 1st man made object to be launched in space and orbit the Earth. ○ They believed this is how the U.S. would be attacked by a foreign nation. ■ Both positive and negative outcomes ● This launched the National Defense Education Act (1957) 5. Students can explain the main requirements of the No Child Left Behind (NCLB) Act. (2001) ● Every state had to make a learning standard ● States are to administer annual, statewide assessments in reading and mathematics (grades 38) ● Every school had to make avid yearly progress ● ALl teachers be highly qualified Describe the ways in which Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois had similar views on education for African Americans, as well as how their views differed. Booker T. Washington and W.E.B DuBois both had similar views on the idea of practical training in the education system. However, Washington believed that achieving practical training through the idea of learning by doing was the only thing needed to prepare students to help other African Americans learn and help decrease the tension between the African American community and the White community. DuBois on the other hand believed that practical training would only take them so far and that in addition to this they needed sound and rich academic programs of study for the "talented tenth" of the class. What were the main concerns with U.S. education outlined in the Nation at Risk report? (1983) The main concerns with U.S. education outlined in the Nation at Risk report is that education was becoming mediocre and because of this the U.S was in danger because its schools left the nation vulnerable to economic and military competitors. ● U.S. is no longer globally competitive ● Test scores were lower than usual in every academic area that you could test ● Blamed this problem on schools
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