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PSY 350 lecture 1 notes

by: Olivia Lee

PSY 350 lecture 1 notes PSY 35000 - 002

Marketplace > Purdue University > Psychlogy > PSY 35000 - 002 > PSY 350 lecture 1 notes
Olivia Lee
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lecture 1
Abnormal Psychology
David Rollock
Class Notes




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This 12 page Class Notes was uploaded by Olivia Lee on Monday January 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 35000 - 002 at Purdue University taught by David Rollock in Fall 2015. Since its upload, it has received 61 views. For similar materials see Abnormal Psychology in Psychlogy at Purdue University.

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Date Created: 01/18/16
(Informal) Grade Contract • A • C – Read before class – Complete some readings at some point – Attend class regularly – Review lecture notes regularly – Attend most classes – Attend office hours regularly to – Review lecture notes/book have questions answered before exams • B – Complete most readings at • D/F some point – Complete few of the readings – Attend class regularly – Attend class sporadically – Review lecture notes regularly – Review lecture notes/book – Attend office hours before before exams exams Final Paper • Due on last day of class: 4/29 • 5 pages- 2 scholarly articles • APA style • Topic of your choice • See syllabus for required format Chapter 1: History-different ways on conceptualizing psycology Class #2 th January 13 , 2016 Three Models of Psychopathology- different approaches of why • Supernatural Tradition- viewing mental illness between the battle between good and evil: between bad spirits: midevil ages • Biological Model: old, revelant • Psychological Model Biological Tradition (Disease Model) • Hippocrates (450 B.C.) – Psychopathology could be a biological disease- no different than any other disease; all could be linked back to the brain but lacked all the tools to prove this. – ‘founder of modern medicine’ – Hymoro therapy: 4 hymors in the body: must have a perfect balance between the four: word melancholy originates from (black bile) • Theory of chemical imbalance has stuck around: originates from the homyro theory • Galen (150 A.D.) – Extended Hippocrates’ work – Humoral theory • Galenic-Hippocratic Tradition – Foreshadowed modern views linking abnormality with “chemical imbalances” in the brain 19 Century • General Paresis-huge turning point in the field – Pthat are clearly untrue/ huge mood swings/ fatal: gradual deterioration) – Caused by syphilis: works its way to the brain, concrete biological cause – Led to penicillin as a successful treatment (1870)- prevent general paresis: only time we have linked specific mental illness to specific physical illness: lots of optimism • Dominant current psychiatric view – Mental illness = physical illness Development of Biological Treatments • Early Treatments – Early-mid 20 century: bio tradition was quite powerful, need physical interventions to treat mental illness – Movie! – hydrotherapy: sprayed by water in order to simulate • Wrapping patients in wet sheets • Warm bath, hotbox and lamps: relax patients •coma: convulsive therapy and caused sweating and drooling,a dry shock – full brain seizure • Glucose was needed to bring patients out of induced coma • Metrasol therapy: seizure •the brainbrain surgery: cut between frontal lobe and rest of Biology treatments cont. • Electroconvulsive therapy – only one that worked that reverses severe depression: ECT: – 1938-present – Movie! : • treat severe depression; when traditional medicine approaches failed • Electrical current is passed through the brain: produces a seizure: lose recent memory • Used originally for schizophrenia: discovered accidently for depression • Still used for depression today: when all else fails • Still don’t know why ECT that works so well: like rebooting a computer • Drug Therapies- evoking biological theory – Start drug therapy around 1950-present – Antipsychotics (psychosis) • e.g., Abilify – Benzodiazepines (anxiety) • e.g., Klonopin • No treatment today can be administered without your permission • No medication that has a 100% success rate • Go along with deinstitutionalization: send patients home with pills • Today in somewhere in the middle: need wards and pills: not just one Psychological Tradition • Pinel (1745-1826) – Mentally ill should be treated humanely – Rise of “moral” (emotional) therapy • Dorothea Dix (1802-1887) – Reform of asylums – “Mental hygiene” – Gains were temporary Psychoanalytic Theory • Sigmund Freud (1856-1939) – Hugely influential in shaping psychological theories of psychoapthology – Stages of psychosexual development – Structure of the mind – Defense mechanisms – Deal with patients on a more independent basis – ID, ego, and super ego Freud’s Structure of the Mind Id - constantly striving to satisfy basic drives (Pleasure Principle) Ego - seeks to gratify the Id in realistic ways (Reality Principle) Super Ego Ego Super Ego - voice of conscience Id that focuses on how we ought to behave Copyright © 2006 Allyn & Bacon (Morality Principle) Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy: The “T alking” Cure • Goal: unearth hidden intrapsychic conflicts – Free association – Dream analysis – Goal was to resolve the conflict – Unconscious desires come to the surface, and what causes the conflict • Therapy is often long-term ($$$) • Little evidence for efficacy, seldom used today


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