New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

Week 1 + 2 Notes

by: Konstantin Keller

Week 1 + 2 Notes POLS 1101

Konstantin Keller
GPA 3.75

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

Notes from the first two weeks of lectures for POLS 1101 at UGA.
American Government
Class Notes
political science, Government
25 ?




Popular in American Government

Popular in Political Science

This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Konstantin Keller on Monday January 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to POLS 1101 at University of Georgia taught by Haynes in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 162 views. For similar materials see American Government in Political Science at University of Georgia.


Reviews for Week 1 + 2 Notes


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 01/18/16
Chapter 1 Thursday, January 14, 2016 2:03 PM The Logic of AmericanPolitics 1/14/2016 - Choices are at the heart of American politics. - Politics comesfrom the need to choose among alternatives when differences make it impossible for all people to get what they want. - Choices breed conflict because of ○ Conflicting interests ○ Conflicting values ○ Conflicting ideas about how to allocate limited resources - Politics is how people attempt to manage such conflict. 1/19/2016 - To reduce the complexity require effectivepolitical institutions and rules and procedures for negotiations. ○ These are often found in the form of by-laws, a charter, or the constitution. - Constitutions organize nations, but there are still conflicts. ○ More people involved= more complexissues = more difficulty monitoring and enforcing agreements - A governmentconsists of those institutions and the legally prescribed process for making and enforcing collective agreements. They come in various forms: ○ Monarchy ○ RepresentativeDemocracy ○ Theocracy ○ Dictatorship ○ Etc. - Power= actual influence, not just right to make certain decisions. - Nations, and democraticnations specifically, which are generally large and complex,every instance of collective action presents participants with distinct challenges. For example: ○ Comparing preferences ○ Agreeing on a course of action that is preferable to doing nothing ○ Implementing and enforcing the collective choice - Two classes of challenges to efforts of a group to reach and implementagreements are important to discuss: ○ Coordination - Members of the group must decide individually what they want, what they are prepared to contribute to the collective enterprise, and how to coordinate their efforts with those of others. How to combine their efforts -- how to work together to get to the place they are going. Like a tandem bike.  Coordination problems increase with the size of the group. □ Balanced and effective interaction of movement,actions, etc. □ Working together as a unit. ○ The Prisoner's Dilemma - Arises wheneverindividuals decide that even though they support some collective undertaking, they are personally better off pursuing an activity that rewards them individually while undermining the collective effort.  All about trust.  Every successful political exchange must tacitly solve the Prisoner's Dilemma. □ Each side, to get something, usually must give up something of value in return. □ Exchanges occur because each side recognizes that it will be made better off. □ Exchanges occur because each side recognizes that it will be made better off. □ But each side also worries that its partner could renege on the agreement once the partner has gotten what it wants.  Unless each side can trust the other to abide by its commitments,they will not achieve a mutually profitable exchange. □ How do you solve this?  By making reneging and defection very expensive. ◊ For example, breaking a contract negotiated by labor and managementusually has legal outcomesthat are harmful to the party breaking the agreement.  By creating institutions that guarantee agreementsare honored. ◊ Emphasis on repeated play; honor; censure. 1/21/2016 - One of the reasons we have governmentsof any kind is due to the fact that people have a hard time working together. This is because: ○ Resources are limited. ○ Not everyonecan get what they want. ○ People's ideas of what is a good society differ. - Free riding = to benefit from a public good without contributing. ○ Public goods  = non-excludable (can't keep you from accessing it)  = non-rivalry (your use of it doesn't take away from others) - Example of Privatization= toll road rather than free highway - Example of Incentives = purposive, solidary, material - Example of Selective Incentives = NPR donors get special and exclusive perks - Example of Disincentives= fines - Why does so much free riding go on? ○ Because generally, everyoneis gaining (non-rivalry) and it is difficult to force people to pay for an unsolicited public good. - The Tragedy of the Commons ○ Usually involves a public resource. ○ Individuals acting based on short-termgain & convenience without thinking of long-term create disaster for all. ○ Classic example is the commonpasture with sheep.  Sheep eat grass all the way to the dirt so it won't grow back everywhere. ○ Modern example is found in the fishing industry: cod, blue-fin.  Overfishing and little oversight. ○ How do you solve it?  Privatizationof the land -- individual owners or fee for grazing, with fines for over- grazing.  Or, as Elinor Ostrom concluded: rules and institutions to manage the commonsand involve the users of the resources. Self-determination,self-monitoring, and rules enforced by communityif someonecheats.


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Amaris Trozzo George Washington University

"I made $350 in just two days after posting my first study guide."

Jim McGreen Ohio University

"Knowing I can count on the Elite Notetaker in my class allows me to focus on what the professor is saying instead of just scribbling notes the whole time and falling behind."


"Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over $1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.