Week One notes
Week One notes PSY 101
Popular in Introduction into Psychology
Popular in Psychlogy
This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Aspyn Adams on Monday January 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 101 at Arizona State University taught by Short in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 50 views. For similar materials see Introduction into Psychology in Psychlogy at Arizona State University.
Reviews for Week One notes
What an unbelievable resource! I probably needed course on how to decipher my own handwriting, but not anymore...
-Dr. Doris Thiel
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 01/18/16
Ancient History of Psychology PSYCHE= Greek for soul LOGOS= Greek for the study of a subject ANIMISM: Everything in nature is alive ANTHROPOMORPHISM: o Project human feelings and emotion onto nature; everything contained a spirit or ghost. o Magic evolved to influence spirits= CONTROL OVER NATURE Greek Religion o OLYMPIAN: Gods who resembled upper-class o DIONYSIAC-ORPHIC: Soul is a prisoner of the body PHYSIS: The primary element o THALES: Water* o ANAXIMANDER: Boundless o HERALITUS: Fire o PARMENDES: One “changelessness” o PYTHAGORAS: Numbers o DEMOCRITUS: Atom o HIPPOCRATES & EMPEDOLCES: Elements + Love* MONISM: No distinction between mind & body o Pythagoras: full-fledged dualism; Mind is immortal, the sensation is mortal, and should be avoided. RELATIVITY OF TRUTH SOPHISTS: Truth is subjective SOCRATES: Agreed with Sophists but also promoted introspection PLATO: Ideas are independent of subjectivity o Reason o Sensation=Ignorance REMINESCENCE THEORY OF KNOWLEDGE: Rationalism to Introspection to Nativism: that there is a world beyond our thoughts ARISTOTLE o Sensation is critical to knowledge o All things have purpose o There is an “un-mover” o Nature is organized from earth, to plants to humans to the “un- mover” o Memory vs Recall o Imagination and Dreams o Humans are motivated by appetites for knowledge o Everything in moderation! EARLY GREEK THOUGHT BROUGHT US OUT OF THE DARK AND INTO THE LIGHT LEADING TO THE SCIENTIFIC METHOD. Structuralism (Wundit. 1879) Liepzig Germany o Argument: Subject matter of psychology was immediate experience. Functionalism (William James, 1890, USA) o Argument: Psychology= the study of the mind as it functions in adapting the organism to its environment. o How do people adapt to environments? Methods: Introspection, questionnaires, and mental tests to provide objectivity. Gestalt Psychology (Max Wertheimer, Kurt Koffka, Wolfganag Kohler, Germany) o Revolt against Wundt o Apparent movement is not reducible to similar sensations o Psychology= Study of immediate experience of the whole organism The whole is different from the sum of its parts Perception is the most important Psychoanalysis (Sigmund Freud, 1900, Austrian physician) o Developed outside a university setting with no interest in traditional areas of psych. o Focused on origin, development and treatment of abnormal behavior o Argument: Unconscious processes direct our everyday behavior Method: Free association and dream analysis used to explore the unconscious. Awareness of the unconscious forces leads to more---- Behaviorism (John Watson, 1913, USA) o Trained as a functionalist o Shifted focus from Mind to Behavior o Psychology= That which is observable, and measurable. Nothing else Focus on how behavior is learned, and modified. o BF Skinner (Died in 1990) Operant conditioning= Your behavior is a product of external influences; Behaviorism has its limitations leading to greater focus on mental processes. Science of behavior, and mental process.
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'