PHY 102, Week 1 Notes
PHY 102, Week 1 Notes PHY 102
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Sarah Misurac on Monday January 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PHY 102 at Illinois State University taught by Dr. Justin Bergfield in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 68 views. For similar materials see Atoms to Galaxies in Physics 2 at Illinois State University.
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Date Created: 01/18/16
Pseudoscience: UFO, ESP, perpetual motion machines (violate second law of thermo), polygraphs Evaluation of a claim: -Are the facts true as stated? -Is there an alternative explanation? (Occam’s Razor- simplest description is the best) -Is the claim falsifiable? * -Have the claims actually been tested? -Do claims require change in accepted ideas? The Organization of Science: Disciplines: -Historical -Modern Approaches: -Field Researcher (Data driven) -Experimentalist (Data driven) -Theorist (Math and computers to find patterns and predict things) The Branches of Science: -Physics (Fundamental aspects of nature) -Chemistry (Atoms in combination) -Biology (Living systems) -Astronomy (Objects in space) -Geology (Earth) Types of Research: 1.) Basic Research: Expanding knowledge of fundamentals of nature 2.) Applied Research: Specific applications (better heart pump, bigger tv) Funding: US Gov’t: $130 Billion (Biggest funding goes to Dep’t of Defense) Getting funds: 1.) Great Idea 2.) Write a grant (~20 page paper of new idea) 3.) Peer Review (Grant is ranked against other grants- ~20 scientists read and score your grant) 4.) In physics ~5% get money (students, universities, developing tech) Communication among scientists: -Collaborate -Scientific meetings -Peer reviewed journals -Students (grad and undergrad)
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