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(PS 1113) American Government: Week 1

by: Callie Ruth Bridgforth

(PS 1113) American Government: Week 1 PS 1113

Marketplace > Political Science > PS 1113 > PS 1113 American Government Week 1
Callie Ruth Bridgforth
GPA 3.6

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About this Document

These notes cover the material discussed in the past week (Jan 11-15)
American Government
Wesley Ammon
Class Notes
American Government
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Callie Ruth Bridgforth on Monday January 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PS 1113 at a university taught by Wesley Ammon in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 188 views.

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Date Created: 01/18/16
Saturday, January 16, 2016 American Government Politics - Politics is a process of determine who gets what • money, property, etc - It also plays a crucial role in day to day life • ex: who you know to get a job Government - maintains order of social conflict • Government is technically a protection agency - Social conflict began over what certain groups need - Distributing money • legislative has to decide who gets what money - say there is a 6 million dollar budget-they have to divide it among certain groups to fund certain things such as education, construction, development - this causes conflict because everybody needs different things Different Beliefs is also a huge source of social conflict • - Government has two purposes • distribute the money/deciding who gets what • maintaining order Political Systems-types of goods - 2 types of political systems (divisions of power): • Totalitarian: (North Korea) - total control over society • government controls every aspect of life 1 Saturday, January 16, 2016 - usually lead by an individual or group - increasingly rare • Authoritarian (Saudi Arabia) - people have some individual choice - people have no choice over government • Saudi Arabia has been ruled by one family since establishment Theocracy (Vatican City) • - run by religion - elect government but they take their orders form the church leaders • Democracy - ruled by the people - Is the US democratic? • we are a Representative Democracy - we are allowed to make policy decisions - we can decide by referendums • Referendum-a general vote by the electorate on a single political question that has been referred to them for a direct decision. - ex: Wet/Dry referendums-deciding for or against alcohol to be served - When we vote on an issue, that is a pure form of democracy - Most of the tim the US picks people to make a choice for us - How much democracy do we really practice? • most the time, we just don't vote despite having the freedom to - Who controls our democracy? • Majoritarian - governed by or believing in a decision by a majority - We do not all vote so we are not a majoritarian 2 Saturday, January 16, 2016 • Ruled by Elite? - In recent years, We are closer to being ruled by the wealthy • Ruled by Interest groups - ex: Mothers against Drunk Driving • an interest group can be powerful enough to run a certain category of people - Casinos and Churches joined o prevent MS from having a lottery - Fundamental Values • liberty • Equality - Declaration of Independence • Pursuit of Happiness • we have the freedom of the press - Basic Principles • popular sovereignty - we get to decide who we want to hire/fire • Universal suffrage - right to vote • we say everybody has the right but it took us years to accomplish that - voting rights act - criminal record=cant vote • Majority rule/ Minority rights - our government protects minority rights - we can choose religion • Limited government - the government’s power is limited by the constitution and for the most part the government follows the rules 3 Saturday, January 16, 2016 - the president has a time limit 4


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