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Week 1, Day 1 notes

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by: Abbie Becker

Week 1, Day 1 notes Geog 1112

Abbie Becker
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About this Document

Overview of the notes from first day of lecture
Weather and Climate
Arthur S. Hopkins
Class Notes
weather and climate, geography, uga, geog 1112




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1 review
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"I love that I can count on (Abbie for top notch notes! Especially around test time..."
Fiona MacGyver

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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Abbie Becker on Monday January 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Geog 1112 at University of Georgia taught by Arthur S. Hopkins in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 28 views. For similar materials see Weather and Climate in Geography at University of Georgia.


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I love that I can count on (Abbie for top notch notes! Especially around test time...

-Fiona MacGyver


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Date Created: 01/18/16
GEOGRAPHY is the study and analysis of the spatial  and temporal distribution of phenomena on the Earth’s  surface, and the underlying processes which cause the  observed pattern. Where are these phenomena, what is their pattern, but more importantly, why is the pattern the way  it is, what causes it.     *   The spatial science of areas, natural systems, &  human­made systems.  Five Fundamental Themes of Geography:  Location can be both absolute and relative. It is the  spatial component of geography, the being concerned  with where things are. absolute:  latitude & longitude, or GPS coordinates  relative:  comparing one location to another by the  distance between them as measured in either time or  miles (kms) Place refers to those characteristics that make a location  unique.  EX:  What makes Athens, GA different from Athens, OH. Movement is the what, how, where and why of the  diffusion of organisms and physical events across the  Earth’s surface.   EX:  The migration of people, a hurricane, etc. Regions refers to the study of areas with uniform or  similar cultural and/or physical characteristics.  EX:  North America vs. South America, etc.   Human­Earth Relationships looks at the impacts of the  environment on people & their impact on the  environment. It is the relationship between human  societies & their environment.  EX:   The impacts of deforestation, human pollution,  agriculture, etc.; the relationship between the environment  & human technological development. 3 Main Sub­disciplines or areas in Geography   Physical Geography: (non­human­made patterns)   Biogeography, Geomorphology, Climatology,  Hydrogeography, Soils geography Human/Cultural Geography: (human­made  patterns) Economic, Political, Historical, Cultural, Urban,  Population, etc. Techniques: (the tools of geography)  Cartography,  Remote Sensing, Aerial Photography, Geographic  Information Systems/Science (GIS)   In this course we are concerned primarily with physical  geography & specifically CLIMATOLOGY. * As an area of study, Geography is quite old. *   Eratosthenes, a Greek who lived from 275 to 195  B.C., is considered one of the first “geographers”. *  He measured the polar circumference of the Earth  *  He became an accomplished cartographer or map­ maker. *  He developed the idea of environmental zones  based on temperature (Tº).   *   Some other early geographers:   *   Greek scholars:  Aristotle,   Hipparchus   *   Roman scholars:   Strabo,   Ptolemy    *   Muslim scholars:   Edrisi,   ibn­Batuta     *   Chinese scholars:   Phei Hsiu, (Chinese geographical     study has been dated as far back as the 5th cent. B.C.) **  More recent geographers: *  Alexander von Humboldt, (1769­1859), considered by  some the “father” of modern physical geography.     *  credited with bringing “scientific study” to physical  geography *  Vladimir Köppen(Koeppen) (1846­1940), developed  the Köppen Classification System for climates based on  vegetation, temperature & precipitation patterns. *  Alfred Wegner (1880­1930), developed the Theory of  Continental Drift which later became part of the theory of  Plate Tectonics. *  Charles Thornthwaite (1899­1963), developed another  climate classification system based on the principle of  water balance, precipitation & potential evapotranspiration. *  Tetsuya Theodore Fujita (1920­1998), developed the  Fujita Scale for measuring the intensity of tornadoes. *   Robert Simpson (1915­   ), developed, along with  Herbert Saffir, the Saffir­Simpson Scale for measuring  hurricane intensity. *  Some other prominent Physical Geographers or related  scholars:   Climate:  Tim Oke,  Lonnie Thompson,  Russ Mather,   Roger Barry, James Hansen,  Syukuro Manabe, Joanne  Simpson Geomorphology:  James C. Knox, Stanley Trimble, Luna  Leopold, Stanley Schumm, Gordon Wolman,  Karl Butzer,  Carol Harden Biogeography:  Tom Veblen, Jarrod Diamond, Glen  MacDonald, Eugene & Howard Odum. E.O. Wilson WEATHER                       vs                 CLIMATE           **   the day­to­day conditions             **  the statistical  properties        of the atmosphere                                of the  atmosphere, measures                                                                          of the average  conditions,                                                                      variability, etc.       **   constantly changing                          **   slow, long­ term changes      **   the state or condition of the              **  a description of aggregate           atmosphere at a particular                    weather  conditions           time and place **  Comprised of various factors:            **  a sum of the  daily and            air pressure, air temperature,                seasonal  weather events           humidity, clouds, precipitation,           over decades  of years           wind, visibility, etc.                              (averages of  these factors) Meteorology is the science that studies the atmosphere. Climatology is the study of long­term atmospheric  conditions.


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