Class Note for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA 2
Class Note for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA 2
Popular in Course
Popular in Department
This 31 page Class Notes was uploaded by an elite notetaker on Friday February 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to a course at University of Arizona taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 15 views.
Reviews for Class Note for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA 2
Report this Material
What is Karma?
Karma is the currency of StudySoup.
You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!
Date Created: 02/06/15
Lecture 07 17 Sep 2003 Legislation Domestic International Conservation Biology ECOL 406R506R University of Arizona Fall 2003 Kevin Bonine VanDyke Ch2 Role Playing Exercise Exam WEC of Next week 39QFOUp portion outside httpwwwcowboysandcattlecountryOcatch com httpwwwswcenterorgswcbd U ga on eg polluters liable citizen involvement NGOs public comment transparency EDF 1968 people have right to clean environment 1978 TVA vs Hill Snail clarter God Squad economic impact vs habitat ESA Taking Shoot Shovel Shut Up Led to Habitat Conservation Planning Incidenta Take Permits San Bruno Mtns negotiate compromise a parties involved I Need to No Surprises include and MOAS motivate private Safe Harbor Agreements landowners Conservation Easements remove development rights gt value decreases so less in taxes reversible International Conservation Laws and Treaties Implementation Compliance Effectiveness Fewer people and larger industry easier Intent ancl Capacim to comply incentives vs coercion 1937 Whaling 1950 Birds 1958 Benelux birds 1973 Baltic Sea 1973 CITES trade or species Appendix I II III 1982 Antarctic Marine Resources Habitats and Ecosystems 1971 Ramsar Wetlands Iran 119 countries 500 listed wetlands 1972 UN UNEP United Nations Environmental Program include social issues 1992 Earth Summit aka Rio Summit Agenda 21 environment social issues poverty technology transfer sustainability water pollution 178 Governments Developed countries aid developing Sustainable Development Polluter Pays Convention on Global Warming Convention on Biodiversity 1972 US Marine Mammal Protection Act dolphins tuna international trade 1989 US Sea Turtle Act shrimp TED39S international trade GATI general agreement on tariffs and free trade WTO trade over environment Leadership vs Imperialism Derrick Jensen httpWWWderrickjensenorgindexhtml Global Warm ng C02 higher than in past 420000 years 20th Century hottest in last 10 Temperature has increased 05 C since 1950 Since 1861 9 of the 10 warmest years occurred since 1990 Carbon dioxide COnCDnirahOn of Carbon Dioxide the Atmosphere ppm m m a item Current Level Temperature quot a enenge End oil 100 iast ice age 39 160 1amp0 80 40 0 Thousands of Years Before Present t n 0 Departure er Temperature C Figure 117 Estimated inngeterm variations tn average gtobai temperature oi the atmosphere near the eertns surface ene average tmposphertc coz tevets over tne past 60000 years these co ieveiS were obtained by 1 tnst2rttng metat tubes deep tnte Antarettc gteeters 2 ramming ttte tee and a enn tytng buebtes at anetent etr trapped in tee et vartnus e titrottgimttt the past The rough correiatten between trope sanertc co2 tsvets and temperature shown tn these esttmetes based on tce core data suggests e sonneetton between tnese two veneetes aiirtough no definitive eeusst link has been estae tense in 1999 tne wertd s deepest tee ere sampie reveaied a sttntter corretetten between air temp re and the gr nouse gases CO and CHA getng back ior 450000 years Data irom tntergovernntentet Panoi en Ciimaie onenge and Neltortai Center rer Atmospheric Fteeearent We re Going to Get Burned of change Ice caps Glaciers Migrations Figure 1114 SDiiie pOsSiDle er ie ni a wariner azincspheie Most oi these ailecis Could be liaiii iiul Di benefiCIal depending on wnern we iiva Gun ant iriodeis oi iiie ear39il i s Clii i i czini io niaKe reiiabie prUiDCiionS aboui where sucli eile s iiiighi are place anti how iuiiq may iriigiii ins Agriculture Sriills in inocirgrdwihg areas Changes in are yieliis Increased irrigatien demands increased pests crop diseasesi and weeds in warmer areas Biodiversity Extinction Di some piant end animai species LOSS 0i habitals Disruption er aquatic iiia Weather Ex remes Prolonged heat waves and droughts increased ilDodlng irorri more iiaciuenii intense and heavy rainiaii in some areas Miiier 2003 Water Resources Changes in water supply n Decreased water quality increased drought increased iinoding Human Population 39 li icieasc d deaths More aiiwcrimaiitai raiugees increased migialion Forests Changesinloresi CDmpOsiliDn and locations Disappearance oi some idresis increased iires train drying Loss or iiiiciiire liabilal and spaces Sea Level and Coastal Areas Rising sea levels Fluodiiig oi lowrlyliig islands and ceastai cities Flooding or coastsi esttiar si W39landsi and coral reels Beach ercsinn Disruption of caasrai risiieri Conte tion oi coastai aquiiiers With salt waler Human Healm increased deems from heat and dis se Disruption oi loud and waier supplies Spread di trepicei diseases to temper areas increased respiratoiy dl ease and pciieii aiiergies increased water pollullbn rrdrn ceastai flooding Beech T poles will heat up Presenl relatively faster range Fulure We For each 1 degree C change WED climate belts will shift toward the poles by 100150 km Miiier 2003 Figure1115 Possmla ellecl of global warming on me geo graphic range oi beech irees based on archeoiagicai awderice arid compuler models Accorning to one projection 39ii CO2 emissions doomed beiWeen 1990 end 2050 beech trees iww cornrnon inrougiioui lhe eastern United Slales would sorvwe only in a greeiiy reduced range in noriiiern Maine and soiiin eastern Canaua This is only one oi a number or tree species whose geographic ranges could be changed draslically by increased almosplieric Warming For example iiie ranges of some ree species adapted to a warm climate would spread Data fmm Margaret E Davis and Catherine Zabl ski Uiiiversily oi Minnesota Energy Efficiency p248 Miller 2003 reduce CO2 emissions reduce other pollutants use existing technology save 1 trillionyear in energy costs annual global military budget etc Kyoto Protocol 1997 161 countries 178 countries following US backed out Bush cited economy but efficiency would save billions developing new technologies would create jobs Contribution to Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Global Warming Contribution to Global Tolal LimlCd Slams Ecological Footprint Fer oapna Emissions mam tons United wares b6 onina Canada 49 Russia Ausiraiia 49 Japan Nelherlands 4 i indie Belgium a 7 Germany Germany 28 United Kingdom a 2 e 55 Czech Republic 2 a Canada Q 25 Russia 2 7 laiy Q 20 United Kingdom 2 6 France a 18 France gt l a Figure 119 The top len nalions in isms of imai lell and percaplla right emissions oi cog in 1999 Data Wen 2003 from World Resources lnsmule Role Playing Ironwood Forest National Monument AZ 1906 Antiquities Act 2001 Bill Clinton 21 Monuments created Gale Norton asked for input for management plan Actual plan should be available October 2003 httpazwwwazblmgovironwoodironwoodhtm Brief Description This 129000acre national monument contains a signi cant system of cultural and historical sites covering a 5000 year period Possessing one of the richest stands of Ironwood trees in the Sonoran Desert the monument also encompasses several desert mountain ranges including the Silver Bell Waterman and Sawtooth with desert valleys in between Elevation ranges from 1800 to 4261 feet Three areas within the monument the Los Robles Archeological District the Mission of Santa Ana del Chiquiburitac and the Cocoraque Butte Archeological District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places Access There are two main points of entry Interstate 10 at Avra Valley Road and Interstate 10 from the Red Rock eXit southwest on Sasco Road to Silverbell Road Permits Required Activities that were permitted on these public lands before the designation are still permitted except for new mining claims and geothermal leasing Commercial activities require a permit The BLM processes new permits for special activities mostly involving recreation such as mountain biking events Recreational Opportunities With a stunning diversity of bird and animal life the monument offers visitors many opportunities for viewing wildlife A dazzling display of spring wild owers result from abundant winter rains There are no facilities Camping is allowed up to 14 days Taking your vehicle off roads or trails is prohibited mammal mnzsrummnumumm Nahum mum W Ann um mmm Sup pom m HamI m q m m alumm ECOLOGICAL VALUE OF RONWOOD Running mm m m m m own Hme w mnw rm 2 m w amp Moclmn 4mm mm lm mgqu mm mm vallnwcr num ry lumoul by mhmlx w Igmm numm M mm m m amum uxm um mm mm w w my m mm quotmin m mm W kwwr m mu smmnuc and NW mmm IRONWOOD lneya tesota Potential Issues OnOff Road Vehicular Traffic Mining Grazing Boundary alteration Tourist visitation Use fees Biodiversity Efl39 species Archaeological sites 10 Several Landownership types 11 Undocumented immigrants 12 Urban growth 9 39 Pquot39gtP l l 1 Arizona Cattlemen s Association 2 ASARCO Mining Company 3 Bureau of Land Management 4 Pima County SDCP 5 Center for Biological Diversity 6 Panel to Report to Secretary of the Interior 1 Arizona Cattlemen s Association Unnecessary land grabs by the federal gov t are an attempt to eliminate grazing on public lands Support reevaluation of monument boundaries and changing monument size to 20k acres to protect only densest stands of ironwoods 2 ASARCO Mining Company Mining has occurred in the area for decades if not centuries We have claims nearby and would like to continue to extract from this copperrich area We support boundary reevaluation and continued mining access We will implement mitigation programs to reduce effects of mining operations 3 Bureau of Land Management We administer other monuments in the SW allowing mountain biking hiking hunting etc We do not support offroad vehicles and are leaning away from continued mining We may be interested in revenues from visitation fees and may even move to reduce grazing if that is what the public prefers our revenues from grazing are minimal at best 4 Pima County SDCP Ironwood Forest National Monument is an important component of the SDCP This area can serve as critical habitat for the endangered cactus ferruginous pygmy owl providing appropriate mitigation for ands developed elsewhere in Pima County 5 Center for Biological Diversity The ironwood tree is a keystone species in this diverse area of the Sonoran Desert The cactus ferruginous pygmy owl and the desert bighorn sheep are found in the monument 6 Panel to Report to Secretary of the Interior Hear 5 minutes of input from each group followed by two minutes of questions from the panel Will report summary and recommendations to the Federal level Selected References httparizonasierracluborgrincon httpazwwwazblmgovironwoodironwoodhtm httpwwwcowboysandcattlecountryOcatchcom httpwwwswcenterorgswcbd httpwwwhousegovkobe Thanks to Guy McPherson and Nina Simone RAM 546 April 2002 Role Playing Ironwood Forest National Monument AZ 1906 Antiquities Act 2001 Bill Clinton 21 Monuments created Gale Norton asked for input for management plan Actual plan should be available October 2003 END
Are you sure you want to buy this material for
You're already Subscribed!
Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'