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Lecture 1: History and Context of Infant Studies

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by: Jaleyah Walker

Lecture 1: History and Context of Infant Studies Psychology 218

Marketplace > Emory University > Psychlogy > Psychology 218 > Lecture 1 History and Context of Infant Studies
Jaleyah Walker
Emory University
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About this Document

These lecture notes cover the history of research studies in infancy and the context in which infancy studies was discovered, has been studied in history, and how it is studied today.
Dr. Rochat
Class Notes
Infancy, Psychology, Rochat, 218




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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Jaleyah Walker on Monday January 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psychology 218 at Emory University taught by Dr. Rochat in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 97 views. For similar materials see Infancy in Psychlogy at Emory University.

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Date Created: 01/18/16
Jaleyah Walker Psychology 218-000 January 14, 2016 History and Context of Infant Studies Two Basic Questions: Why and What of Infant Study? Video 1: Kinsey reaching and playing with toys Hand­eye coordination and grasping Systematically guide hand toward objects ~4 months Newborns have been shown to do it raising the question if they’re wired, and if  there’s an evolutionary aspect to allow them to reach and grab and have hand­eye coordination ­raises issue of nature v. nurture ­ wired v. experience Motor development                         Vision + touch experimentation began in the 1800s Hypothetical Question: If an adult is born blind, but gets surgery and recovers  sight @ 25 years old, will they immediately be able to distinguish between a sphere and cube It’s important to keep in mind that there’s a difference between perception and     labeling You can find out if they can distinguish with habituation                           Social Development or the origin of human culture Since humans are so dependent and immature due to prolonged immaturity, children  become self­conscious Video 2: Baby playing with new toy ~5 months sitting up independently Distinguishing aspect of toys: when the toys stopped making sounds he moved it  again Intentional/contemplative stance: anticipating things; pause and then plan Watched for social references: looking @ person behind camera Joint attention prerequisite of language 1 Jaleyah Walker Psychology 218-000 January 14, 2016 Video 3: infant, laying in the bedroom More stable when sitting Standing with support and crawling Drive and curiosity Dependent on the mother: maintains proximity but has drive to explore beyond  security of mom Dilemma: wants attachment (security) +thrill of exploration Video 4: 25m toddler play with train table Language Pretend play/imagination (symbolic development) Problem solving Creating his own world [nurtured with toys] There are cultural differences. In the South Pacific there are no toys. The  kids find their own toys. There’s a  difference in the kind of support Question: Why Study Infant? Outline of Lecture Sociological Fact: the late discovery of infancy and childhood Facts of Human Infancy Basic Questions: Why and what of infant study? Place of Infant Study in Scientific Psych 1. Illustration with artistic representations of children over the past 700 years *high immortality rate + attention to mother explains why infant research was devalued  initially Image #1 Duccio (C.1281) Smaller version of a small man Image #2 Vallolton (1904) mom not paying attention to the child Focus more on the baby (baby is brighter) 2 Jaleyah Walker Psychology 218-000 January 14, 2016 Supervision, observant of the kid allows them to play without interference Image #3 Balthus (1937) Father and daughter                         Resemblance of father                          Sexual implications Possible influence of Freud: attachment and lover relationship ambiguity  explored          What is the starting state of infant psychology? Brief history of infant study 18  century Education Locke, Rousseau th 19  century Observation Darwin, Preyer 20  century Experimentation Gesell, Watson, Piaget late 20  century current “new            wave” 3


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