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Fallacies of Reasoning Notes

by: Allison DeLucia

Fallacies of Reasoning Notes COMM 2101

Allison DeLucia


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About this Document

notes on fallacies of reasoning with examples
Intro to Rhetorical Theory
Class Notes
Rhetorical Theory, uncc
25 ?




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Allison DeLucia on Monday January 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to COMM 2101 at University of North Carolina at Charlotte taught by Leeman in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 23 views. For similar materials see Intro to Rhetorical Theory in Communication at University of North Carolina at Charlotte.


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Date Created: 01/18/16
RHETORICAL THEORY FALLACIES OF REASONING 2/3/15 Fallacies of Reasoning (Flow from inductive to deductive types reasoning) Why Study It? 1. Tradition: have been taught for a very long time 2. Useful: as a way of looking at persuasion 3. Illuminate the Reasoning Process: Analyzing peoples persuasive attempts Fallacy of Reasoning When the reasoning process is inappropriate for that particular situation -Not fallacy because it follows a particular situation Generalizations 1. Fallacy of Composition -Assuming that what is true of the part is true of the whole -Inductive Reasoning used poorly -Hasty generalization (Confusing color with size – buying a larger dark shoe example. Leeman’s son) -Insufficient number of examples 2. Fallacy of Division -Assuming that what is true of the whole is true of each part -Deductive reasoning used poorly 3. Suppressed Major Premise -A questionable major premise is not explicitly stated -Much abused -“The UN doesn’t work. It has not stopped wars from happening.” Major Premise: <The purpose of the UN is to stop wars from happening.> Minor Premise: The UN has not stopped wars from happening Conclusion: The UN is a failure -“You better take your umbrella. It’s raining.” Major: “When it’s raining, you should take your umbrella.” Minor: “It’s raining outside.” Conclusion: “You better take your umbrella.” 4. False Dilemma -Presented with only two choices, even though there may be more -“Take it or leave it.” -“Don’t settle for cheap plastic. It doesn’t take a genius.” (Samsung vs. Apple) Standards -Criteria by which we measure the worth/value/quality of something -Have the most fallacies (Most arguable level of stasis – Quality – most open to abuses to fallacies of reasoning) 1. Fallacy of Extension -Applying (i.e. “extending) a standard that’s appropriate in 1 situation, to a situation in which it’s fallacious -Fine Dining: quality of food -Daily Meals: Nutrition, Cost, and sometimes Ease of Preparation RHETORICAL THEORY FALLACIES OF REASONING 2/3/15 2. Fallacy of False Consolation -Inappropriately using a comparison (e.g. better or worse) to make a judgment of quality (e.g. good or bad) -Confuses the term “average” -“SAT scores rise in Charlotte Region” -SAT scores… rose in Charlotte-Mecklenburg and surrounding districts, outstripping national and statewide gains…


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