Class Note for INDV 101 at UA
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Date Created: 02/06/15
Animals at Home Cassius belongs to Jennie V and her family Everett WA Loves to play soccer Hang out at the pier Illustrate the Bernulli effect INDVI 01 7 Language zljcndivi w owm lacxjg Id3 Sept 15 Words and Sounds INDV101 Language Fall 2008 lNDVl 01 7 language ajsndivi V Afn mxzxn lacIngmS Logistics Review Homeworks 1 amp 2 Submitted Graded Homework 2 comes back on Friday Words Content vs Function Open vs Closed Wh F39 IdN 139 d Class Oen ie otes is ue Morpheme npaper In turnitincom 39 Free Following Friday review for 39 Bound Exam 1 Affix Exam 1 in class Monday Root August 29 INDVl 01 Language 2 zljrndivi m uvmn 7 lmggvi ids INDVl 01 Language ujundivi x39iulownn lacngw1d3l NOUN MUST BE A VERB leechaa i nitsxaaz DI I panda doo nitsxaaz da SENTENCE What counts as an 0 This panda is not adjective in one big language may count as a verb in another We want to know how the word works in it s own language This shows that This was an excuse for another panda picture French speakers pas de negation schoolhouse rock de nitions of word 39 Navajo negation categories can t be dOO da trusted 39 INDVIO Language 5 ujrndivi VJloquotn lacngw1d31 NDV101 Language zljtndivi wglmvnn l lzmjgwtdsl c a Swadesh L1st example arm Concept from list Navajo word English orthography arm Navajo orthography agaan L d 0 g noun 16 6 Chqqai hors ep O 0 01167 o Pronunciation 01m Pronunc1at1on agazn Lb d t t b t 1 0 Part ofspeech noun Part Of SpeeCh noun lg C1 JCC 1V6 13911 SCICI VCI39 1nan1ma C on y Word internal Structure Word internal Structure 39 arm 1101111 39 lgClCll l 1 morpheme 2 morphemes R t 39 laugh verb 39 ylShleh The root arm Pfejix afflisjm ieis 39 Clt preposition 39 ltadi Means upper eXtr nilty Means someone s arm but om shoulder to wr1st I don t know Whose Does not refer to possessor 0 Can t just say gaan It must belong to someone INDVIO Language 39 ujcndivi quotu39llO gl39I lzcngmdsl INDVIOl Language ile lllei xwglmmm lzcngld395l Lecture Participation Whose arm is it anyway Panda bigaan shigaan my arm Yourjob nigaan your arm Your name amp section What s the Navajo morpheme for my Cool Fact How many legs does a panda have bigaan hisherits arm not a trick question hagaan that person s Your Four right arm Correct in English nihi aan both of our mi or both ofyour Our20ryour2 In Navajo he has two arms Turn it in at the end of legs class lNDVlOl 7 Language 7 ajrndivi wimowim lcxgil3 The other two are arms lNDVl 01 7 Language zijrndivi x uwn lacggwu ls bound and free laugh 39 In Navajo you can t say gaan English orthography laugh Navajo orthography yishdloh by itself Pronunciation laef PTOHUHCiOtiOH lyllaOhl What kind of morpheme is Part of speech 2 verb PM of Speech verb gaan Word internal structure WOT Intinal 1110mm I morp emes Found 39 9 1 morpheme Root dloh laugh 8 gaan an a X39 39 The root laugh Pre x sh lst singular No39 39 Means ernit an audible Pre x yi imperfective It 8 a FOOL expression or appearance of Means I am laughing You can have bound roots tnerriment 9r happiness or an Can t just say dloh You must By definition all affixes are Inward feehng ijoy and Specify who is doing the action and pleasure how it s being done perfective or bound morphemes but not all bound morphemes are affixes INDVlOl Language ujcndivi ll quotn p lmgg 113 imperfective INDVIO Language 3 ujutdivi x x mvxn liDngWld l at Adpositions English orthography at Navajo orthography oltadi Pronunciation not Pronunciation oltadI Part of Speech 2 preposition Part of speech noun phrase A kind of function word Closed class can t make up new ones Word internal structure 2 morphemes Languages either have 1 morpheme Root olta school Prepositions English C 397 L 7 L Suf x d1 at e The root at i L At to for in on before Means Lin or near Means at school after simultaneous with toward Can t just say di It is a bound Come before nouns And at goes before a noun morpheme Postpositions Navajo at school hence it is a And di comes after the noun stern etc I PREposition hence it is a POSTposition dI goo lots of others Come after nouns lNDVlOl 39 Language quot lNDVlOl Language ajtndivi wxnvinpwxixn zijcndivi 39i1 o39ln quot Izmjgwicls lacngw lds Some other function words Summary Conjunctions Words are made of morphemes and or but Different kinds of words Determiners aka Different kinds of morphemes ari39c39e ji l i i There is not necessarily a oneto mgs eii an some one correspondence between Auxiliaries words in English and words in is are was were your language39 have Morphemes are made of Pronouns phonemes he I me her So let s get back to our the39r m phoneticsphonology lNDVlOl Language i uj Endivi V uvii lsz gw 1 L13 lNDVlOl Language zijtndivi wallow n lanng idsl 39 Consonant Phonemes of EngHsh Consonants of En lis h voiceless 1 voiced place manner labial stops fricative P b labio dental f V inter dental G 6 alveolar palatal velar glottal h af cates nasal B l liquids lateral nonlateral glides I lNDVl 01 Language quot ajt ndivi VL AllUVVAn liDIJgVVIClS The difference between a yawn and a consonant is the amount of restriction you put on the airflow as it leaves your body From the lungs Through the larynx And then out either your mouth Oiquot your nose Any sound produced with significant restriction is a consonant INDVtOl Language ajundivi xv39iglownn liengwid3 Consonant These are pulmonic eggressive consonants Pulmonic lungs Eggressive outward All are produced on an exhale Yawn Not a consonant but an exhale INDV 01 7 Language ajcndivi w o39n liCng lCl3 Consonant Phonemes of EngHsh 1 voiceless voiced l place labial labios intcr alveolar palatal velar glottal dental dental stops p b t k g fricative 39 t v 0 5 s z j 3 h af eates 1 d3 nasal I 71117 7 7 7 7 7n 7 7 7137 7 W39777777 7 1 777777 nonlateral I glides 777W 7 7 739 7 7j 7 7 manner of articulation how much closure do you make INDVlOl Language ajrndivi vgt owlm lmggw1d3l Consonant Phonemes of EngHsh Consonams of En lish voiceless voiced place labial labiu inter alveolar palatal velar glottal manner dental dental stops p b I d k g fricalive f v 0 6 s z j39 3 h af catcs if 33 nasal 7 7 11 Al 7 liquids lateral 1 nunlateral 1 glides 77 iii if 7 giijiiiii Stop completely stop the air ow from your MOUTH INDVIOl 7 Language ile lel wn ule liDlngldsl All plosives are stops Not all stops are plosives Remember a stop is a sound where you stop the air from escaping through your mouth What if you don t quot release that air in a burst INDVl 01 Language ujL39nLlivi wguwmi lzeng ld Consonant Phonemes of Oops forgot one place labial labiu inter alveolar palatal velar iuual manner dental dental I Plosives p b l d k g icalive l v 0 6 S 2 j 3 h laf cates 7 7 13 7 l nasal m n 1 l liquids lateral l nonlateral J glides w 1 Plosive completely stop the air ow from your MOUTH ile nlel ngiuwm lmng lL lS Consonant Phonemes of EngHsh Consultants of En lish voiceless voiced G place labial labio inter alveolar palatal velar glottal dental dental Plosives b d k 1 2 af eates nasal l nonlateral glides w j Nasal a kind of stop but not a kind of plosive lNDVlOl Language zljsndivi ugluwlxn 39 lleijgwwds Consonant Phonemes of Enlish Consonant of English was labial lubl o inlcr alveolar pulatal velar l gluual dental dental l Plosives b l d k I s z nasal nonlalml glides w j Fricative oral closure isn t quite complete there s a hiss 3 lNDvm 7 Language K quot iusndwl u uwm quot lmngwms
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