Class Note for INDV 102 at UA
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by an elite notetaker on Friday February 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to a course at University of Arizona taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 19 views.
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Date Created: 02/06/15
March 24 notes Kant s Humanity Rule O Neill s application of Kant s Humanity Rule to world hunger and poverty Justice and beneficence Foanday Paperis due Link to paper assignment can be found on syllabus March 12 at httpwwwuarizonaeduqillmlNDV201022008htm Foanday Paperis due Link to paper assignment can be found on syllabus March 12 at You can also get to the syllabus and the paper assignment by googling Michael B Gill and then going to INDV 102 Personal Morality What s pricegouging Is it wrong Kant s Humanity Rule Always treat humanity as an end in itself and never merely as a means Kant s Humanity Rule Always treat humanity as an end in itself and never merely as a means Kant s Humanity Rule Always treat humanity as an end in itself and never merely as a means It s okay to treat someone as a means so long as you also treat himher as an end Kant s Humanity Rule Always treat humanity as an end in itself and never merely as a means It s okay to treat someone as a means so long as she can consent to what you re doing Kant s Humanity Rule Always treat humanity as an end in itself and never merely as a means It s okay to treat someone in a way that promotes your own personal goals so long as they could explicitly agree to it Kant s Humanity Rule But if you treat a person in a way to which she cannot consent then you re treating himher as a mere means and that s not okay Kant s Humanity Rule When you successfully lie to someone or make a false promise it is impossible for himher to consent to what you re doing Successful lies and false promises involve concealment and deception Kant s Humanity Rule It s impossible to consent to being manipulated It s impossible to consent to being deceived It s impossible to consent to being coerced Kant s Humanity Rule Lying manipulation and coercion are always wrong because they necessarily involve treating a person as a mere means The liarmanipulatorcoercer treats the other person as a mere thing a prop a tool for hisher own goals What would consequentialist moral theories say about lying deception and coercion What about lyingmanipulatingcoercing someone for his or her own good Kant s Humanity Rule Some situations appear to involve consent but are actually coercion I m gonna make him an offer he can t refuse Kant s Humanity Rule Morality demands not merely the appearance of consent but real actual consent In some cases it s hard to say Why pricegouging is wrong Transactions that have the outward form of normal commercial dealing may be coercive when one party is desperate O Neill A moneylender in a Third World village who threatens not to make or renew an indispensable loan without which survival until the next harvest would be impossible uses the peasant as a mere means O Neill To avoid unjust action it is not enough to observe the outward forms of free agreement and cooperation it is also essential to see that the weaker party to any arrangement has a genuine option to refuse the fundamental character of the proposal Kant s Humanity Rule To treat humanity as an end it may not be enough merely to avoid treating others simply as means It may also require supporting others ends and activities to at least some extent Kant s Humanity Rule Humanity involves autonomy or the exercise of decision making capacity Being finite humans sometimes require help and support to exercise their decisionmaking capacity The obligation to respect humanity requires us to help and support others Kant s Humanity Rule We are obligated not to use others as mere means justice We are obligated to help and support others in the leading of autonomous lives beneficence Kant s Humanity Rule Those suffering from famine and great poverty are very susceptible to coercion which violates their decision making capacity It is very difficult for those suffering from famine and great poverty to fully exercise their decisionmaking capacity We are obligated to promote humanity which involves living an autonomous life Famine and great poverty thwart the ability to live an autonomous life We are obligated to try to prevent people from suffering from famine and great poverty What are our duties to those suffering from famine and extreme poverty on the other side of the world Justice do not use them as a mere means Beneficence enable them to live autonomous lives Kant s duty of beneficence is not primarily concerned to make others happy Kant s duty of beneficence is primarily concerned to enable people to live autonomous lives
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