GEOGRAPHY 101: Week 1
GEOGRAPHY 101: Week 1 Geography 101
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Katharyn Taylor on Monday January 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Geography 101 at University of Tennessee - Knoxville taught by Dr. Neil Conner in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 95 views. For similar materials see World Geography in Geography at University of Tennessee - Knoxville.
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Date Created: 01/18/16
INTRODUCTORY TERMS GEO 101 LOCATION – position on the surface of the earth o Relative: less specific, i.e. continental, regional, etc. o Absolute: like latitude or longitude, more specific Different SITES – types of places – have different advantages that make groups of people choose them to settle into o HILLTOP site – Athens, Jerusalem, Rome o RIVER site – Paris, London, Pittsburgh o ISLAND site – Singapore, Manhattan, Venice o HARBOR site – Hong Kong, San Francisco, Sydney Locations are in different SITUATIONS – physical and cultural connections in proximity to the location, and the more connections to other locations the more beneficial to those who live there o Ex. Singapore is along the Straight of Malaga and controls trade in that vital passage PLACE – physical and cultural context of the location itself. The collection of characteristics that make the location unique and remarkable PERCEPTION – idea of a location without having been there SENSE – idea of a location having been there. Memory TOPONYM – name given to a location, inhabited or uninhabited. Often named after notable people (Victoria), religious figures (San Antonio), origin of settlers (New York), or descriptions of the environment (Dead Sea) Distribution Properties: o DENSITY – frequency within an area o CONCENTRATION – clustered or dispersed over an area o PATTERN – geometric, linear, or random arrangement REGION – human construct that divides the earth’s surface into units o FORMAL – grouped by language, religion, government, climate, or vegetation o FUNCTIONAL – also called NODAL, school district, newspaper route, airport service area o VERNACULAR – perceptually determined by the individual, such as the ‘south’ or ‘Middle East’ HUMAN-ENVIRONMENTAL INTERACTION – description of human modification, adaptation, or dependence upon the environment o ENVIROMENTAL IMPACT ON HUMANS include settlement patterns, housing materials, agriculture, some recreation, and transportation ability o HUMAN IMPACT ON THE ENVIRONMENT include canals, dams, reservoirs, irrigation, terracing for agriculture, polders, pollution, deforestation, and desertification MOVEMENTS/INERACTIONS – exchange of information, people, goods, technology, etc. across the face of the earth DIFFUSION – the process of a characteristic spreading from the hearth (origin, node) to other places o RELOCATION DIFFUSION – spread of ideas or practices through physical movement of people o EXPANSION DIFFUSION – spread of a feature or trend among people through “snowballing” HIERARCHICAL (from authority), CONTAGIOUS (rapidly through population), STIMULUS (principle spread) 2
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