PSY 337, Week 1 Notes
PSY 337, Week 1 Notes PSY 337
Popular in Introduction to Psychological Counseling
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This 1 page Class Notes was uploaded by Razan Alkhazaleh on Monday January 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PSY 337 at Pace University taught by Samantha Lee in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views. For similar materials see Introduction to Psychological Counseling in Psychlogy at Pace University.
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Date Created: 01/18/16
01/27/2016 PSY 337— Introduction to Psychological Counseling Prof. Samantha Lee • Being in a professional counseling professional relationship can be friendly, but does not mean you are a friend. Although, traits do transfer. • To counsel: understand yourself ﬁrst. Strengths/weaknesses? Build on strengths, work on weaknesses. • You will be face to face with your feelings towards your clients. Personal prejudices, attraction, repulsion, frustration, fear, etc. • Self doubt: can I help this person? • Transference & Countertransference: deﬁned by Freud— form of projection. • Transference: client redirects feelings onto the therapist. • ex. feeling unresolved anger towards someone, client may direct their anger onto the therapist instead. (unconscious) • Countertransference: when therapist/counselor projects unresolved feelings onto their client/ patient. • Freud sees countertransference as a purely personal problem for the analyst, whom he believed he must recognize this countertransference in himself and master/cope with it. • It CAN exist without interfering for you— acknowledge it to yourself. • Before speaking to your client— ask for yourself, “is this question/statement designed to beneﬁt my client?” • You may curious about them, but your curiosity should remain to yourself if it does not beneﬁt your client/patient. • Reﬂective Practitioner: commitment to personal awareness of your automatic reactions by taking time to think. Consciously review and have a plan. • Building Rapport: how do you make someone comfortable in your ﬁrst counseling session? • other techniques: 1. Introducing perspective without minimizing 2. Acknowledging without exacerbating • Leading questions: • ex. Alcohol related questions: Do you drink a lot? vs. How often/much? — (everyone’s interpretation of “a lot” differs. Be speciﬁc when needed) • another ex. “Did you have a crazy day?”— and they might have not, but they’ll begin to question themselves and convince themselves that they probably did. • Client responses to the process: uncooperative or hostile • consider: supervision, support with fellow learners, become a client, keep a journal • Perry’s Stages: How a helper develops • Dualistic or right/wrong: in how the counselor responds to client • Multiplistic: there are many possible responses • Relativistic: some responses are better than others • 3 options: 1. Question 2. Reﬂection 3. Confrontation challenging • ex. about relationships • consider your tone, delivery and body language when you either ask a question, reﬂect of confront. •
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