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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Lauren Baker on Monday January 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CJ 100 at University of Alabama - Tuscaloosa taught by Douglas Klutz in Winter2015. Since its upload, it has received 458 views.
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Date Created: 01/18/16
CJ 100 first week of notes Intro To Criminal Justice Criminal Justice: Society’s response to crime. Involves 3 components: Law enforcement (police local, state, and federal), judicial, corrections Crime: An INTENTIONAL act/ omission in violation of the criminal law, committed without defense or justification, and penalized by the government. Criminology: Study of why people commit crimes. Biological criminology, psychological criminology, sociological criminology Media Influence on the CJ System “The Illusion of Choice” Almost all media comes from the same 6 sources 6 Media Giants more control 90% of what we read, watch, or listen to If you control the news, you control perceived reality Age Demographics: one of the best ways to explain how crime rates change over time Since the early 1990’s the crime and murder rates have decreased by over 50% Media Sensationalism: the tendency to present info about crime in a way that provokes public interest and excitement, usually at the expense of accuracy Public opinion frequently contradicts findings from crime data! Trial By Media Trial by Media: the media reaching a verdict in a case before the jury does. Ex. OJ trial, Casey Anthony trial Role of Public Opinion Mass media greatly influences public opinion Public opinion greatly influences political leaders New age of social media changed everything youtube, facebook, twitter World Incarceration Rates We have the highest jail rate Current Events Annual cost of crime? $1.7$2 trillion Deterrent: Proactively preventing criminal activity National dept $20 trillion LIBOR Scandal London InterBank Offered Rate LIBOR Rate: The average Interest rate estimated by major banks LIBOR Scandal: Financial institutions, mortgage lenders, and credit card agencies set their own rates relative to LIBOR New York Federal Reserve Released documents showing they were aware that banks were rigging the LIBOR rate Civil Suits: Class action lawsuits by individuals, cities and municipalities, etc Class action lawsuit: When a bunch of people come together in civil court to give themselves a better chance of winning WhiteCollar Crime WhiteCollar Crime: full range of frauds committed by business and government professionals Estimated to cost U.S somewhere between $300$700 billion annually MF Global, Bernie Madoff, Enron Big white collar crimes Media paints this as “victimless” The impact is widespread, most everyone is affected Ponzi Scheme: When you take new investment money to pay out the existing investors. (FRAUD) White Collar Criminality Edwin Sutherland: the first person to publish on this subject in 1940— “White collar criminality” Said to be the ‘father of white collar crime’ The community was stunned by his claim that ‘respectable’ executives, physicians, etc. were doing this Sutherland’s views Said white collar crime had 2 district criteria 1. Crime had to be committed in the course of their occupation. 2. Crime is undertaken by a ‘person of respectability and high social status’ Why Study White Collar Crime? Whitecollar crime and ‘social costs’ The more worrisome effects involve lower morale Physical Costs of White Collar Crime People can be killed, injured, or become ill on the job Lack of safety regulations, violating regulations Toxins in the workplaces, or released into the community ex. asbestos Defective products and false advertising ex. pharmaceuticals, cars, Campbell's soup Exposure to a Criminal Culture Normative: these behaviors seem normal after time. “If they do it and get a profit so should I” Resistance to breaking the law treated workers like new boys or “not team players”. Potentially denied advancement in the company Engaging in shady deals — increased profit! Embezzlement The fraudulent conversation of another property by a person who is in a position of trust (Agent or employee) ex. accounting embezzlement Tax Evasion Tax Evasion: Perpetuator attempts to avoid paying taxes ex. filling tax forms with false info Money Laundering Money Laundering: Criminal act of filtering illegally obtained (“dirty”) money through a series of transactions designed to make the money seem legit (“clean”) ex. the mob may own local dry cleaners to make it seem like thats where all of their money is coming from Bankruptcy Fraud Concealing assets to avoid having to forfeit them ex. transferring them into someone else name Intentionally filling false or incomplete forms ex. not showing the court all the money you have Insurance Fraud Refers to any duplicitous (hidden agenda) act performed with the intent to obtain an improper payment from insurers 3 types “Hard Fraud” (Deliberate) which is wrecking a car, burning your house down, etc to get the money for it “Soft Fraud” (Exaggeration) which is common, its when your house actually burns down and you say that your crappy old computer was actually the new macbook. Or saying you had more fine jewelry than you actually had “Life Insurance Fraud”, when you fake your own death and your family gets your life insurance money
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