CPSY 230 Notes Week 1
CPSY 230 Notes Week 1 CPSY 230
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by Hannah Notetaker on Monday January 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to CPSY 230 at Ball State University taught by Staples in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 24 views. For similar materials see Human Relations Development in Psychlogy at Ball State University.
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Date Created: 01/18/16
CPSY 230 1/13/16 CH 1: Adjusting to Modern Life st 21 Century Adjustment Complaints: I had too much food for lunch and now I’m tired I can’t fit my hand in the Pringles bottle, so now I have to tilt it I can’t hear the TV while I’m eating my crunchy snacks Paradox of Progress Technological advances, more leisure time, more choices than ever before o Does not make us happier, or healthier Loss of traditional sources of emotional security Rapid culture change Mental demands in modern life Excessive materialism What makes people happy? Not Important o Money o Age o Gender Somewhat Important All seemingly give o Health o Social activity a transcendent o Religion purpose o Culture Very Important o Love, marriage, relationships o Work o Genetics, personality o Past happiness o Self-esteem, optimism Broad Objectives Accurate knowledge to serve your everyday life Foster a critical attitude and develop critical thinking skills Open new doors Take initiative Psychology of Adjustment Psychology is “the science that studies behavior and the physiological and mental processes that underlie it and it is the profession that applies the accumulated knowledge of this science to practical problems” Adjustment is “the psychological process through which people manage or cope with the demands and challenges of everyday life” Scientific Approach Empiricism – knowledge acquired through observation Other sources of knowledge Advantages/Disadvantages o Clarity and precise o Intolerance of error Experimental vs. Correlational Research o Ex: Trying to find the cause Manipulation of variables (IV and DV) Experimental control Advantages/Disadvantage Precise control allows cause-and-effect conclusions Limitations on variables that can be studied o Corr: Finding the relationship Exists when two variables are related to each other Correlation in numbers: 0 to +1.00 (positive) 0 to -1.00 (negative) Near 0 (no association between variables Provided two pieces of information: 1. How strongly related variables are 2. The direction (positive/negative) of the relationship Naturalistic Observation – careful observation of behavior without intervening directly with subjects Case studies – in-depth investigation of an individual participant Surveys – structured questionnaire designed to solicit information about specific aspects of participants
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