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History 355, Week 1 Notes

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by: LaTorya Spears

History 355, Week 1 Notes History 355

LaTorya Spears
University of Louisiana at Lafayette
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About this Document

These notes are from his lecture and outline the readings of chapters 1 and 2.
Black History
Clifton Carmon
Class Notes




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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by LaTorya Spears on Monday January 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to History 355 at University of Louisiana at Lafayette taught by Clifton Carmon in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 55 views. For similar materials see Black History in History at University of Louisiana at Lafayette.

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Date Created: 01/18/16
African Societies and White Men Thesis: 1. Africa had a rich history, religious, and cultural life. 2. Africa’s history was on par with Europe and Europe on par with Africa and it was their similarities that eventually brought them together. George Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel (1770-1831): wrote The Philosophy of History. It explained history from the beginning of time. Explained that Africa was the birthplace for all of mankind but these people were wild and untamed. Also said that Egypt was more part of the European world. This view continues to influence others worldwide. “Lucy”: oldest known human form found in Ethiopia about 1974; the form is approximately 3.2 million years old Similarities between African Empires 1. Most emerged around water, trading posts, and both. 2. Had political administrations and political life; set up governments and ways to organize society to trading posts. 3. Geography helped determine political, cultural, and religious life. African Empire Organization  City-states: governments formed around a centralized city usually located around a body of water, trading post, or both and radiated outward.  Some city-states form from a clan or tribe or family.  Other city-states thought to be descended from a god/spirit or someone with special powers.  City-states had infrastructure: city and people were supported through government food production, technology, educational and religious centers, trade, and mining.  Muslim/Arabic merchants would come with written records too many African societies.  Oral record was also important. Importance of War: -War indicates organized organization by: 1. Build a standing army 2. Pay soldiers from a treasury 3. Convincing soldiers of a purpose for their service 4. Training the soldiers 5. War protects and expands nations Mansa Musa (1280-1337) - king of Mali went on Haj to Mecca with 500 slaves and copious amounts of gold. Went to Egypt and spent so much money, the value of Egyptian money went down. Alexander Chamberlain believed that the country of Mali was equal to European monarch. European Similarities to Africa:  City-states: (Europe) Athens/Sparta of Greece  Governments formed around ethnic and ancestral relationships; ethnic groups: Britons, Slavs, Visigoths, Saxons and Germanic Tribes  During Middle Ages, Mali and Songhai worked with Europe to establish trade routes.  War shaped much of European landscape.  Feudalism emphasized communal and personal relationships. King Ferdinand and Queen Isabella of Spain: fought with Portugal over trade routes. Hired Christopher Columbus to find a new route to India. Yemaya: Water goddess that appears sometimes when people are on the water. She drops her stuff and if a person returns it to her, the person can face a reward. Trade brought the Africans and Europeans together. The Africans believed they were better than the Europeans and vice versa. The Portuguese and Africa  Fort El Mina was established by the Portuguese on the west coast of Africa. The fort was complete with guns and canons aimed at the Spanish. This helped to establish the Portuguese presence on the African west coast.  Many African men were recruited to seamen, slaves, or merchants.  By 1550, 15% of workers and slaves were black men.  The Portuguese traded white slaves for black slaves. The white slaves were Turkish, Lebanese, Jewish, and much more.  By 1530’s, race started to become an issue.  Christopher Columbus had a watershed moment, meaning he changed the world forever with the “discovery” of the Americas.


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