New User Special Price Expires in

Let's log you in.

Sign in with Facebook


Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!


Create a StudySoup account

Be part of our community, it's free to join!

Sign up with Facebook


Create your account
By creating an account you agree to StudySoup's terms and conditions and privacy policy

Already have a StudySoup account? Login here

American Government; Welsey Ammon

by: Callie Ruth Bridgforth

American Government; Welsey Ammon PS 1113

Marketplace > Political Science > PS 1113 > American Government Welsey Ammon
Callie Ruth Bridgforth
GPA 3.6

Preview These Notes for FREE

Get a free preview of these Notes, just enter your email below.

Unlock Preview
Unlock Preview

Preview these materials now for free

Why put in your email? Get access to more of this material and other relevant free materials for your school

View Preview

About this Document

These notes cover a week's worth of lectures
American Government
Wesley Ammon
Class Notes
Government, American Governmenternment
25 ?




Popular in American Government

Popular in Political Science

This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Callie Ruth Bridgforth on Monday January 18, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to PS 1113 at a university taught by Wesley Ammon in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 31 views.

Similar to PS 1113 at University

Popular in Political Science


Reviews for American Government; Welsey Ammon


Report this Material


What is Karma?


Karma is the currency of StudySoup.

You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 01/18/16
Sunday, February 7, 2016 Week 4 Federalism - What is federalism? It is a form of government that divided sovereign powers across at least two • political units • dividing the powers-each unit of government, national and state, has some degree of authority - Why does it matter? • The level of government that affects certain policies is important - this determines heath care reform, education, drinking age, gun rights, speed limits and others - Unitary government • a system in which the national, centralized government holds ultimate authority - most common form of government in the world • With this form of government, states or subunit governments cannot carry out policies if the national government opposes them - Confederal Government • A form of government in which states hold power over a limited national government - states have most of the power and can veto the actions of the central government • 1st type of government in the US under the Articles of Confederation - Federalism-How we see it today • predominantly characterized by cooperative federalism but retains strong elements of national supremacy, dual federalism and states’ rights - cooperative federalism-national and state government work together to provide services efficiently 1 Sunday, February 7, 2016 - dual federalism-favored by Chief Justice Roger Taney in which national and state government are sen as distinct entitles providing separate services. • limits power of national government - states’ rights-idea that states are entitles to a certain amount of self-government, free of federal government intervention • became a central issue in the period leading up tot he civil war - How power is shared in our federal system • USA - enumerated power such as regulating commerce - Implied powers-necessary and proper cause • ex: the draft - Inherent powers • power a government has simply because • executed by president • States - 10th amendment ensures that all powers not delegated to the national government are reserved to the states or to the people • Concurrent Powers - Responsibilities for particular policy areas, such as transportation, that are shared by federal, state, and local government - Positive effects • source of policy diversity and innovation to solve local problems • government and people are closer which encourages political participation • federalism provides a check on national tyranny • more potential paths to address problems - Negative effects • too much responsibility to the states to distribute resources 2 Sunday, February 7, 2016 • unequal civil rights protection • competitive federalism can create a “race to the bottom” Evolution of Federalism - Federalism evolves through court cases • McCulloch v. Maryland - 2 issues: • necessary and proper clause • supremacy doctrine - In 1816, congress started a Second Bank of the U.S and the state of Maryland passed legislation to impose taxes on the bank. McCulloch, cashier of baltimore bank, refused to pay the tax - states cannot tax U.S • Gibbons v Ogden - Commerce clause - New York state law gave individuals the exclusive right to operate steamboats on waters within state jurisdiction while others were required foreign boats to pay substantial fees for navigation privileges • Civil War - slavery caused rebellion - leads to 14th amendment - Distribution of Money • block grant - limited regulations • Categorical Grant - to be used for a specific purpose • usually an establishing fund grant and aren't limited to states 3


Buy Material

Are you sure you want to buy this material for

25 Karma

Buy Material

BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

We've added these Notes to your profile, click here to view them now.


You're already Subscribed!

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

"There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

"I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over $600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

"I was shooting for a perfect 4.0 GPA this semester. Having StudySoup as a study aid was critical to helping me achieve my goal...and I nailed it!"

Parker Thompson 500 Startups

"It's a great way for students to improve their educational experience and it seemed like a product that everybody wants, so all the people participating are winning."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!

Refund Policy


All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email


StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here:

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to

Satisfaction Guarantee: If you’re not satisfied with your subscription, you can contact us for further help. Contact must be made within 3 business days of your subscription purchase and your refund request will be subject for review.

Please Note: Refunds can never be provided more than 30 days after the initial purchase date regardless of your activity on the site.