Class Note for TRAD 104 at UA
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This 2 page Class Notes was uploaded by an elite notetaker on Friday February 6, 2015. The Class Notes belongs to a course at University of Arizona taught by a professor in Fall. Since its upload, it has received 15 views.
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Date Created: 02/06/15
LOVE IN WORLD RELIGIONS 19 NOVEMBER 2009 LECTURE 18 3 The Life of the Prophet Muhammed cont He is perceived as a righteous man He cares for the poor and needy the widows and orphans etc At 40 years of age he is praying in a Cave on Mr Hira and has a lifetransforming religious experience The Angel Gabriel appears to Muhammed and he is frightened and confused he doesn t know what to make of the experience he thinks he may be going crazy He turns to his wife for comfort and she assures him that he is sane Khadija has a cousin who was Christian and he seeks his advice He also confirms that Muhammed is sane and a great prophet The Angel Gabriel commands Muhammed to llRecite Muhammed responds by saying ll am no Reciter a prophet Muhammed denies his request Gabrie puts pressure on Muhammed and constricts his chest now Muhammed recites the first lines of the Quran llln the name of the Lord who created man from a clot of blood The result of his quotspeakingquot or quotrecitationquot is the Quran the Holy Book of Muslims Quran Koran The Recitation Believed to be the literal Word of God spoken by the Angel Gabriel to the Prophet Muhammed It is the inspired Word of God Jews and Christians use allegory in the interpretation of the Bible so it is NOT believed to be all literal there is no belief as in Islam that God literally dictated the Bible to anyone and in Christianity there are FOU R different versions Quran has to be taken literal because every Word was spoken to the prophet Muhammed 4 Teachings of Muhammed in the Quran a There is only ONE God monotheism Muhammed goes against and eventually criticized the polytheism of Meccan society around the Kaba This teaching creates a lot of anger and contempt for Muhammed because he is opposing the traditional religion of Mecca and Arabia Destroying the economic basis for Meccan society They eventually force him out of Mecca This is called the flight Hijrah Muhammed leaving Mecca for Medina The beginning of the Muslim calendar 622CE He has followers that go with him to Medina and they build an army to protect themselves from the Meccans They are trying to kill Muhammed Muhammed leads them in battle against the Meccans He loses some of the first battles but then eventually is victorious against the Meccans and enters Mecca as a victor 629CE He destroys the idols of the Kaba b Love and Justice for the Poor and Needy The early verses of the Quran 93 910 llDo not oppress the orphan and do not drive away the beggar 104 16 llWoe to e who amasses wealth and hordes it to himself Does he really think his wealth will make him immortal Muhammed was a strong critic of the growing inequalities and injustices of Meccan society 2177 llWhat is piety Not only prayer to God but also the distributing of your wealth out of love of God to the needy to the orphans to the homeless to the beggars in freeing the slaves in giving aims to the poor The prophet Muhammed himself freed the slaves that he had c On Women He championed the equality of women In particular he gave women of his time the right to inherit property This was strongly opposed by many men and leaders of his time d Attitude of the Quran toward the Bible ofJews and Christians sam accepts all of the prophets of Judaism and Christianity They believe they are worshipping the same God the Father of Abraham lssac Jesus etc 384 quotWe believe in God and in that which has been revealed to us which is that which was revealed to Abraham and lshmael and Jacob and the tribes of Israel as well as Moses Jesus and the other prophets They do not believe that Jesus is God only a prophet 569 quotAll those who believe anyone who believes in God and the Last Days and who does good deeds will have nothing to fear or regret e The Five Pillars of Islam 1 The Confession of Belief There is no God but God and Muhammed is his prophet 2 Almsgiving to the Poor and Needy 3 Prayer 5 Times a Day 4 Pilgrimage to Mecca 5 Fasting during Ramadan Sacred month in which Muhammed started receiving the revelations MOVIE CLIP Malcolm X Visits Kaba to make pilgrimage
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