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Intro to the Brain and Behavior

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by: Courtney Koch

Intro to the Brain and Behavior SC 20450

Marketplace > University of Notre Dame > Biology > SC 20450 > Intro to the Brain and Behavior
Courtney Koch
GPA 3.02

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About this Document

notes from 1/12/2016 updated 1/21 (switched from .doc to .pdf)
Neuroscience and Behavior
Dr. Sunny Boyd
Class Notes
neuroscience, Psychology
25 ?




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"I love that I can count on (Courtney for top notch notes! Especially around test time..."
Jordyn Renner

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This 6 page Class Notes was uploaded by Courtney Koch on Tuesday January 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to SC 20450 at University of Notre Dame taught by Dr. Sunny Boyd in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 17 views. For similar materials see Neuroscience and Behavior in Biology at University of Notre Dame.

Similar to SC 20450 at ND

Popular in Biology


Reviews for Intro to the Brain and Behavior

Star Star Star Star Star

I love that I can count on (Courtney for top notch notes! Especially around test time...

-Jordyn Renner


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Date Created: 01/19/16
Neuroscience and Behavior Intro to the Brain and Behavior  Mind o Dictionary definitions  The element of a person that enables them to be aware of the world and their experiences, to think, and to feel: the faculty of consciousness and thought  A person’s intellect o Mind vs brain  Estimated that 1/5 of people have either a neurological or psychological disorder  Behavior o Meerkat Manor  Behaviors observed  Digging, scanning  Bobbing behavior that appears to be in order to keep away from the snake’s attacks when in actuality it is because meerkats have bad vision up close o Levels of behavior  Molecular Neuroscience  Cellular Neuroscience  Systems Neuroscience  Behavioral Neuroscience  Cognitive Neuroscience o Genetics and Experience – Influence on brain  Genetics  Genes that affect the brain  Infant with disorder caused by single gene mutation  Experience  Study of identical twins:  Gray matter based on socioeconomic status o Modern perspectives for study of brain and behavior  Systematic description of behavior  Study of evolution of brain and behavior  Often depends on study of animal models because often there are more genes to manipulate  Observing the development of brain and behavior over the lifespan. Ontogeny describes the change in an individual during its lifetime  Studying biological mechanisms of behavior—an organism is made up of billions of neurons  Use of GFP in animals to discern cellular activity in animals o Localization of function  An old idea that still applies – introduced with phrenology (which is a false science)  Brain areas show differences in activity in predictable ways depending on the task:  MRI and fMRI are often used to see which areas are more active during different tasks  Map out blood flow in the brain using radio frequency  Experimental design o More types of imaging  Magnetoencephalography (MEG)  Doesn’t use radio frequency (like MRI) o Better spatial and temporal info than MRI  Brain-Computer Interface Training stroke patients without ability to move hand on their own (asked to imagine moving the hand  Take home points: o Research in neuroscience spans levels from the molecular to the cognitive o Genes have a major influence on the brain but experience also physically changes the brain o Brain areas show differences in activity in predictable ways depending on the task o Experimental design in NS&B takes here general approaches


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