×

### Let's log you in.

or

Don't have a StudySoup account? Create one here!

×

or

## EASC 1114 - Chapter 1 and 2 Notes

by: Haley Aleshire

66

2

4

# EASC 1114 - Chapter 1 and 2 Notes 1114

Marketplace > University of Central Missouri > Foreign Language > 1114 > EASC 1114 Chapter 1 and 2 Notes
Haley Aleshire
UCM
GPA 2.68

Enter your email below and we will instantly email you these Notes for Weather and Climate

(Limited time offer)

Unlock FREE Class Notes

Everyone needs better class notes. Enter your email and we will send you notes for this class for free.

Chapter 1 and Chapter 2 notes that were given January 11, 13, and 15. Chapter 3 notes will be up tomorrow. A study guide will be made and posted this weekend for our exam that is coming up on Febru...
COURSE
Weather and Climate
PROF.
Dr. Werner
TYPE
Class Notes
PAGES
4
WORDS
CONCEPTS
Science, Earth Science, University of Central Missouri
KARMA
Free

## Popular in Foreign Language

This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Haley Aleshire on Tuesday January 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to 1114 at University of Central Missouri taught by Dr. Werner in Spring 2016. Since its upload, it has received 66 views. For similar materials see Weather and Climate in Foreign Language at University of Central Missouri.

×

## Reviews for EASC 1114 - Chapter 1 and 2 Notes

×

×

### What is Karma?

#### You can buy or earn more Karma at anytime and redeem it for class notes, study guides, flashcards, and more!

Date Created: 01/19/16
Introduction to the Atmosphere 01/19/2016 ▯ What is the difference between weather and climate?  Weather: Day-to-day atmosphere conditions  Climate: Average weather conditions that are derived from weather. They can be more predictable than weather. ▯ The Atmosphere  What is the atmosphere? o The thin layer of gases and particles that surround the Earth. o Quite thin o Atmosphere weather action contained in four miles diameter on Earth. ▯ Measure the Quantity  Gases o Measure using density. (M/V) o Percent by mass (mixing ratio) o Atmospheric Centimeter (atm-cm) o Measuring how thick (O-zone)  .34 cm of O-zone is in the atmosphere o Dobson Unit = 1/100 of atm-cm ▯ ▯ Atmospheric Composition  Present atmosphere o Permanent Gases  N2 – 78.08%  O2 – 20.95%  Ar - .93% o Variable Gases  Water Vapor (H2Og) 0.25-4%  Carbon Dioxide (CO2) 0.04%  Percent varies seasonally because of foliage (trees)  O-zone (O3) 0.01%  Residence Time o The average time a molecule stays in the atmosphere o Is determined by how rapidly something stays before is leaves.  Variable Gases (More Detail) o Water vapor is gaseous water  You don’t see it; it is invisible to the naked eye  Has a residence time of 10 days o CO2  280 ppm before Industrial Revolution (IR)  400 ppm today o O3  270 Dobson Units at equator  450 Dobson Unites at poles  Other components o Particulates (aerosols)  Sources  Fires  Volcanoes  Sandstorms  Humans ▯ ▯ Vertical Structure of the Atmosphere  Density and Pressure o Gases are compressible o Pressure is measured by a barometer o Millibars (mb); Mercury (Hg)  Structure based on Temperature o Troposphere – The lowermost layer of the atmosphere, marked by considerable turbulence and, in general, a decrease in temperature with increasing height. o Tropopause – The boundary between the troposphere and the stratosphere. o Stratosphere (Ozone layer) – The zone of the atmosphere above the troposphere characterized at first by isothermal conditions and then a gradual temperature increase. o Stratospause – The boundary between the stratosphere and the mesosphere. o Mesosphere o Mesospause – The boundary between the mesosphere and the thermosphere o Thermosphere – The zone of atmosphere beyond the mesosphere in which there is a rapid rise in temperature with height. ▯ Energy  What is Energy? o Simply having the capacity for doing work, i.e. making an object move  Categories o Kinetic Energy – Energy of motion  “Energy associated with an object by virtue of its motion” o Potential Energy – Stored energy  “Capability to do work”  Heat and Temperature o Heat – Energy transfer / Total energy o Temperature – Average kinetic energy of molecules  “Measure of the average kinetic energy of the atoms or molecules in a substance” ▯ Units  Measure Temperature - Fahrenheit / Celsius / Kelvin o Find Kelvin by Degree Celsius + 273  Measure Energy – Joule (J)  Measure Power – Joules/Second o 1 Watt = 1 J/S  Flux – Watt/M2 ▯ Laws of Thermodynamics  Energy cannot be created or destroyed. It can only be changed from one form to another or moved from one place to another.  Net transfer of heat is always from higher to lower temperatures ▯ Modes of Heat Transfer  Conduction o Transfer of heat via molecular contact o Only option within a solid, opaque medium  Convection/Advection o Movement/Transfer of heat in a fluid medium via molecular movement. (Fluid meaning that molecules can move) o Advection is the horizontal movement of molecules  Radiation o Transfer of heat via electromagnetic waves o Doesn’t require any medium ▯

×

×

### BOOM! Enjoy Your Free Notes!

×

Looks like you've already subscribed to StudySoup, you won't need to purchase another subscription to get this material. To access this material simply click 'View Full Document'

## Why people love StudySoup

Steve Martinelli UC Los Angeles

#### "There's no way I would have passed my Organic Chemistry class this semester without the notes and study guides I got from StudySoup."

Allison Fischer University of Alabama

#### "I signed up to be an Elite Notetaker with 2 of my sorority sisters this semester. We just posted our notes weekly and were each making over \$600 per month. I LOVE StudySoup!"

Bentley McCaw University of Florida

Forbes

#### "Their 'Elite Notetakers' are making over \$1,200/month in sales by creating high quality content that helps their classmates in a time of need."

Become an Elite Notetaker and start selling your notes online!
×

### Refund Policy

#### STUDYSOUP CANCELLATION POLICY

All subscriptions to StudySoup are paid in full at the time of subscribing. To change your credit card information or to cancel your subscription, go to "Edit Settings". All credit card information will be available there. If you should decide to cancel your subscription, it will continue to be valid until the next payment period, as all payments for the current period were made in advance. For special circumstances, please email support@studysoup.com

#### STUDYSOUP REFUND POLICY

StudySoup has more than 1 million course-specific study resources to help students study smarter. If you’re having trouble finding what you’re looking for, our customer support team can help you find what you need! Feel free to contact them here: support@studysoup.com

Recurring Subscriptions: If you have canceled your recurring subscription on the day of renewal and have not downloaded any documents, you may request a refund by submitting an email to support@studysoup.com