Note 25 for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA
Note 25 for ECOL 406R with Professor Bonine at UA
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Date Created: 02/06/15
Lecture 25 14 Nov 2006 Conservation Biology ECOL 406R506R University of Arizona Fall 2006 Kevin Bonine Kathy Gers Conservation amp Economics Lab this week none meet 1230 sside BSE 328 on 17 Nov see website for lab readings Dan and Lane will speak for 10 minutes we Housekeeping 14 November 2006 Short oral presentations 14 Nov Dan and Lane Upcoming Readings 28 Nov Amanda and Fred Today Economics and Sustainable Development Thurs 16 Nov Mike Rosenzweig WinV n Ecology Tues 21 Nov Conservation Biology Professional Panel Thurs 23 Nov Thanksgiving E7 Low Tide in Tucson E Saturdag November I5 2005 5 kn Io Pm A mamquot 115mg m Amman ma mama an Snquot A4 Dreams mumummummmm t enmmmmm mmmmwm A damnas saw my mnnm w Muw 2mm mm 39 any N mm mm gt anquot m mtauh 2 Global Climate Change Lecture Series All lectures will take place at UA Centennial Hall Alllumrs heg39n 1 7pm m m m m m puhl39l cm szmzunan m mun in nnnxw39nn httpcosarizonaeduclimate Tusday Nwembex 14 Glnbal Chmmz Change Disease andSacxely Andrew Camne Dean afthe Gradual Callzgz and meessax af Geagnphyand Rzgmml Develapmzm Tusday Nwembex 21 Glnbalchmm Change Cmdd Geaengmzenng Reverse m RaguAngel Ragenls meesmxafAslmnamy Tusday Nwembex 22 Glabal Chmale Change Designmg Puhcszspanses m1 Pannzy Demaf qe Ellszallege anAmgemem and meessaxafEcammms 5 Pooches39 poo to help power Frisco Arizuria Daily Star Pubiisned DZ 22 man Pooches39 pooto help power Frisco THE ASSOCATED PRESS SAN FRANCiscoi city otticiais are hoping to harnessthe power or dog duurduu san Franciscans aiready recycle Wmthirds or their garbagei but in this dugrfrieridiytuvvn animal reces make up neanyd percent of residential waste ors500 tons ayear nearly as much as disposable diapers according to the city VWniri the nextfevv muntns Nurcai Waste a garbage hauiing company that collects san Franciscu strasn wii begin a pilot program underymich it will use biodegradable bags and dugrvvaste carts to pick up droppings at a popuiardog park The droppings wii be tossed into a contraption called a methane digesoer which is basically atank in which bacteria feed on reces for weeks to create methane gas The methane could then be piped directly to a gas stoyei heater turbine or anything else powered by natural gas it also could be used to generate electricity Methane digesters are nothing new The technologywas introduced in Europe about in years agu and more than BEIEI farmbased digesters are in operation there Nine are in use on Caiitomia damfarms and chicken and hog tarms elsewhere in the United States also use them Neither Nurcai Waste spokesman Ruben Reed nueri Eririturi a Mainerbased recycling and composting consultant knew or anyone in the United states who is using the i million deyicesto conyert pet waste to energy But Eririturi said some European countries process dog droppings along wth fund and yard waste The main impediment is probably get ing communities around he country the courage to collect it to giye yaiue to something wed rather nottalk about Eririturi said San Francisco is probably the king or pet cities This could be yery important to them San Francisco the city named arterSt Francis patron saint of animals has an estimated 8 population or240000 dogs and cats Economics of Conservation Van Dyke Ch 12 1 Economics Sustainability Herman Daly Wendell Berry Popuation Consumption Economies Assumptions and Goals Egtltternaities Genuine Progress Indicator anht and Nebel znnz What is the purpose of the economic system to what end all of this wealth Ultimate value beyond market 1 NeoClassical Economics growth always good 2 Environmental Economics catch all term think cyclically 3 Steady State Economics John Stuart Mill 1700 s Herman E Daly in out Virtue and character higher goals than material wealth 4 Sustainable Development Lester Brown do away with many subsidies replace income tax with environmental tax Stocks and Flows 9 Entropy Nicolas Georges Roegen quota Cadillac now means fewer human lives later Utility vs Throughput 10 Milierzom Traditional Neoclassical Economics Economy system of production distribution and consumption of goods and services scarcity Driven by wants and needs of govt society individuals Decisions about A what goods and services B how produce C how much D how distribute are made by individuals governments businesses Use resources A natural B human Infinite Substitution C financial D manufactured to make goods and services 11 Killing the Natives Chapter 3 US 4 global population 25 fossil fuels gt25 cars 50 advertising spending Goods vs Bads 80 billion on shoes jewelry watches 65 billion on higher education Americans since 1950 have consumed more than all in history preceding indivshouse dropping in US Jimmy Carter malaise speech reduce consumptionReagan 12 Economic Growth increase in capacity to provide goods and services accomplish with more people andor more consumption measured as GNP gross national product also known as GNI gross national income vaue of goods and services in a country can also compare the purchasing power of different countries for a common set of goods and services GNI PPP gross national income in purchasing power pa rity Can egtltamine on a per capita basis as well Economic Growth 39 n12 emuuuc EMEll want Mam sums LonERGE a on ms MlVEm Wm MOVE 0312mm A MDVNNN may CALL LkNVFllL quot mm um m mmwmmy i v m anht and Nebel znnz How is Economic Development Different How is Economic Development Different Takes quality of life into account life span infant mortality education health care environmental quality pollution clean air and water percent of population below poverty line etc Se can Maw 70m new moon pm Luna E Pvt cam ms 3 uumum pumqu an 5 sum N v g m 3 92m J g 2 mm a E E 5 E 3mquot 3 5 g aw mm uammpmmssmdmwm u m I m pmgmuvm 1wGFll 17 L l 4 x aw wa mm mm mu 1995 3995 men 1570 350 mu me Mer 2003 Yum Yum Flynn 25 Companson ad mo gloss Guinean gvuuum GDP nu h nmw mumm xnmcmul GP1 Jen am we ce can valwc 1m mew mum than V mu Umma Srmar Dalwubn my mm was mm um 2le M1 Cobb Maw 3w Goodman am Mnmm Wanwuamau rmmqmsmmme mm znnn Emwm E 5 Genuine Progress Indicator g z mm msn W van m Index of Sustainable Econo mlc Welfare v5 Hymnquot VanDyke 2003 mm m Ms am Nuhmd MthNH ma hdnu39 Suvam eEmmm tWe uve sEWl m H750 Mmng w nummm m SEanlm ad ngm Tn ans al doHars 0 Cross damsm pmdun GDP sums manquot u mum naiviry whulm on at but 1 does um accuum for henc n such 5 vnlunrmism m or external costs such as e iwnmmul LIA nd n39nn and social uphm The gemlln progress mdicalux urn dun5 new In mm 5mm and as a mult can am he gum dilkrcnl in value mm m GDP Shown hm m min tor GDP and GP I m Unich 5mm in ux year mm mm 1m mama Culylv Mmk chinu and am 051 w muinr I mgrru Indian 2000 Updalt Redr niq ngzm hm nd lDHI Brennan and W tngott 2005 17 Figure 2 13 An Indonesian boy Wading in a polluted l39lVCJ39 suffers external costs External costs are Costs nO borne by lhc huyer or seller they may include Water pollution aes 116th harm human health problems pmperry damage harm in aquath life aesthetic degradation declining real estate van ucs and other problems Brennan and Withgott 2005 18 For poor women the only holiday is when you are asleep Women Do 23 of the work 10 of the income own 001 of the property 70 of the world s poor 23 of the world s illiterate page 87 Miller 2005 19 m mm mm A my mama 5 v 22332quot Olmrucvcluoimcwnl u Us w Pinnunm 7 Emmi 52 av 39 ll Human 39 5539 WNW mm 75 Gal mm wavch i 35quot Value added Cnmpwsl anolwmmweam s a m pan v anht and Nebel znnz zu Developed Countries I P A T 12 billion people 19 I Panlmhch hIgh average per capita purchasing power have 85 world39s wealth use 88 natural resourcs generate 75 waste and pollution impact of each unit of oonsumption Environmental Impact Population gtlt Affluence X Technology of a society consumption per person Poor parents in 3 Developing Countries developing country 81 of the people need to have 70200 have 15 world39s wealth children to equal the use 12 world39s natural resouroes impact ofz Uls produoe 25 waste and pollution chndren l 10 Over the past 50 years the federal government has provided more than 500 billion in subsidies to the fossil fuel and nuclear industries investing a fraction of that in energy ef ciency and renewable sources ofenergy such as wind solar and geothermal As a result coal nuclear power oil and gas provide more than 91 percent of our electricity needs in the US This dependence on fossil fuels carries severe public health consequences including asthma attacks respiratory disease heart attacks and premature deaths Moreover fossil fuels such as coal and oil pollute the environment from the point of extraction to combustion in the form of global warming acid rain oil spills and runoff pollution At the same time nuclear power has left us with a nuclear waste problem for which no safe solution exists httplwwwpennenvironmentorgPEaspid217700 22 VanDyke p 356 NEPA ESA Clean Air Clean Water Work bc require full and open disclosure of process and those involved How do Cheney secret meetings with industry leaders to plan energy policy fit in SDCP and findings from economic analyses 23 11 EARTH WATCH m2 um Ali m amuns A wlnnuu m M w u Wm m m I m H wquot w y W m h m m m Mvmmhm m mu mm u H I m mmmnmmmmm C 436 bllllonMy MuummmWngm mm WNW m mm Mm M mm WWW m WW an mmpmnm gt68 trllllon MULWM I M m Wm mam J meum um Mm mm mm M W mm W mgmm w n Mmmwmum mmquot M mum U Mnmlm m m L mm Mm m x m m m Wm M yu m n mm Mm mm m Mmquot mu uquot M v mquot m n W m m mrm 11 u mm Mmm 4 pm mm W mm m magnum UP 116 gt OS m mm mm m m mNmmHlmg u A m M mum m anm and Nebd zunz mm w u mm mm IWH My um N m m m wt My W h km mmm mmmwm m hw Mum mm m u um w m m N mmnmm Imam yum mnymmm u mm mam 39m mm WWW w m rmmmn nmvlul k m hHuHmul Hm uquot an mm w m mnmm m huulul A n m Mm 1mg mvmlw u m umme ummmmum w m mmquot mm 4th mm mm n M Mumm nva m mm m mm mm mhnmm mm m Mummy um um Mum myvmuH m h 1 MW WHluuwh Wu mmmmm mum 1W Mm mm mm m gt77 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