Soc 174 Socialization & Personality Notes
Soc 174 Socialization & Personality Notes Soc 174
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This 5 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kayla Sheldon on Tuesday January 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 174 at University of California Riverside taught by Dr. Quintella in Winter 2016. Since its upload, it has received 106 views. For similar materials see Socialization and Personality in Sociology at University of California Riverside.
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Clutch. So clutch. Thank you sooo much Kayla!!! Thanks so much for your help! Needed it bad lol
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Date Created: 01/19/16
SOC 174 01/07/2016 ▯ Personality, identity = nurture or nature? ▯ Nature: genetic/biological Predisposed to act certain ways. ▯ Nurture: social environment Interaction experiences ▯ Importance of “nurture” Youtube ▯ Anna, Isabelle, Genie ▯ Isolated to various degrees, with different attention afterward ▯ Isabelle isolated with her mother (deaf & mute) – she developed better than others because she still had some type of interaction with her mom. We need interaction with others in order to develop normally. ▯ ▯ Socialization = combo In order to activate biological factors, we must have interaction. o Ex-we have biological make-up to learn/use language: vocal cords, brain size. We must acquire it in interaction Genie & Anna did not have this with anyone. Isabelle did – learned hand gesture with her mother. ▯ Reality Socialization depends on meaningful interactions with others. Symbolic interactionism: we interact through symbols. o Learning is achieved through interactions using symbols o Our everyday interactions then constitute the basis of our existence. Social construction: reality exists because we participate and contribute to it. ▯ Individual + Society Social forms of expression (cultural knowledge gained through socialization) + individual perception = reactions to the world in the situation (personality) ▯ ▯ ▯ Social psychology: scientific study of how our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are influenced by other people ▯ Socialization: happens through meaningful interactions with other people Through symbols o We get symbols from society in which we live. ▯ Sociocultural Perspective Social Norms o Rules and expectations for appropriate social behavior Culture o Beliefs, customs habit practiced in our society. Focuses upon large social groups o Norms within cultural groups o Social class differences o Nationality/ethnicity o Pop culture/fads ▯ Social cognitive perspective What we pay attention to How we interpret and judge social situations What we retrieve from memory (about ourselves and from other people) ▯ *Different situations prime different parts of the person inside each one of us, there are different motives, memories and feelings. Each of these is likely to be triggered by some situations more than others. ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ ▯ Reality Depends on.. Your set of assumptions about knowledge and how it may be validly obtained. ▯ Epistemology answers: how or what? What do you know and how do you know it. Philosophical position, way of seeing the world, knowing something exists. ▯ Is based on ontology: theory of existence Answers the question: what is? Is there a reality external to us or do we, as social actors, make the reality? ▯ Features of Reality Reflexive: the cause and the effect affect one another o Incorrigible propositions: belief that cannot be proved wrong no matter what happens to dispute it. o Object constancy: objects remain same, you change view: “I must have been mistaken” Reality is a coherent body of knowledge: things we know make up our reality. o But not necessarily part of our awareness Reality is interactional: we define it with other people. o Stable patterns of interaction: constitute social structure ▯ Realities are fragile: Require coordination and shared understanding With disruption, structure becomes visible ▯ Realities are permeable: can be altered and another one assumed. ▯ Symbolic Inreractionism: 1. Realty is produced/reproduced through ongoing human activity. 2. Society is an ongoing process of negotiation among social actors. Building Blocks of interaction with others: o Symbols o Interaction o Meaning ▯ ▯ Symbolic Interactionism Theory People construct their own world through shared symbols and common understandings. Society is the sum of interactions of individuals and groups ▯ 5 Central Tenants of Si focus on the nature of social interactions o social activities among persons humans define their situation as they act human interaction is also within the individual (own thinking processes) we are not controlled by what happened in the past; our actions are caused by what happens in the present situation. o More importantly, how we define what is happening. Humans unlike other animals are able to take a part in the cause of their own action. ▯ Language: symbols of interaction Provides names for our interactions. Provides cues about how to feel and respond. Culture shapes our language, but language also shapes our thinking. ▯ The Naming Process We learn to shape our reactions to an event o We learn from others. o Get cues from others about how to behave We then name the feeling or behavior Process of: translating thought into language into social interaction ▯ Through rules Rituals: commonplace elements interaction we don’t really notice o Expressions of respect for one another’s constructed self (acknowledgment rituals) Goffman: Guru of rituals Social life is dramaturgical Socially situated self, negotiated self
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