Psych 2010, week one
Psych 2010, week one Psyc 2010
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This 3 page Class Notes was uploaded by Kala Dunnigan on Tuesday January 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Psyc 2010 at Auburn University taught by Frank Weathers in Fall 2016. Since its upload, it has received 184 views. For similar materials see Introductory Psychology in Psychlogy at Auburn University.
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Date Created: 01/19/16
Jan 20, 2016 Dr. Weathers History of Psych History is not that long; relatively new science Psychoanalytic perspective: Sigmund Freud • Unconscious determines behavior Behavioral perspective: John B. Watson Ivan Pavlov B.F Skinner • Effects of environment on human and animal behaviors • No real control over behavior or reactions • Everything determined by what is around you, situational constraints Humanistic perspective: Carl Rogers Abraham Maslow • Unique aspect of human experience • Free will, control over decisions, rational thought Cognitive perspective: Jean Piaget • Thoughts and mental processes • Indirect study of mental processes (i.e stimulus and reaction) Biological perspectives: • Physiological bases of behavior • Behavior portrayed due to wiring of the brain and nervous system Evolutionary perspective: • Behavior based on evolution of human and animal Positive Psychology: Martin Seligman • Study of resilience • Training people to be ready for negative situation s while powering through with a good attitude 1. Psychology is empirical 2. Psychology is theoretically diverse 3. Psychology evolves in a socio -‐historical context 4. Behavior is determined by multiple causes 5. Behavior is shaped by cultural heritage 6. Heredity and environment jointly influence behavior 7. People's experience of the world is highly subjective Week one: Chapter 2 – research enterprise in psychology Descriptive studies-‐ making formal observations in everyday life and describing outcome Descriptive correlation research-‐ making formal observation of two variables in a situation and how they correlate to each other Correlation not Causation – just because two things correlate, doesn’t mean they cause each other to happen (chicken and egg problem) (ex.) Body image and Depression -‐ Depression à leads to negative body image -‐ Negative body image à leads to depression * almost always another explanation for why two things happ en Experimental research-‐ manipulate variables to see outcomes (ex.) Patient with migraines -‐ give one pill that does nothing (placebo) -‐ give one pill that has medication -‐ observe and record reactions
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