SOC 100, Week 1 notes
SOC 100, Week 1 notes Soc 100
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This 4 page Class Notes was uploaded by Taylor Young on Tuesday January 19, 2016. The Class Notes belongs to Soc 100 at Central Michigan University taught by Elizabeth Whitaker in Summer 2015. Since its upload, it has received 15 views. For similar materials see Introductory Sociology in Sociology at Central Michigan University.
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Date Created: 01/19/16
Introduction to Sociology 01/20/2016 ▯ ▯ What is sociology? ▯ The study of the human beings in the social worlds they consciously create and inhabit. ▯ Study based on systematic observation and logically constructed theories. ▯ ▯ Our Focus: ▯ Individual in their world/social context. ▯ ▯ The Sociological Imagination: ▯ C. Wright Mills (1959) **coined the term sociology** ▯ The ability to see the connection between personal troubles and public issues ▯ How are they related in this historical moment? ▯ Troubles- privately felt problems. ▯ Issues- Affect large number of people and have origins in institutional arrangements. ▯ ▯ Social Worlds: ▯ Society: a large social grouping sharing the same geographical or social territory, subject to the same broad social arrangements. Today, pretty much a nation-state. ▯ Other “Social Worlds” - families, communities, states ▯ ▯ Social Structure: ▯ The organized (not random) pattern of social relationships and social institutions that together constitute society. (AKA the way the society is set up) ▯ ▯ Social Institutions: ▯ Are “established and organized systems of social behavior with a particular and recognized purpose” (Anderson and Taylor 2009) ▯ Systems that fulfill key societal functions ▯ “The building blocks of Society” ▯ A macro view of society ▯ ▯ A Framework for thinking about these social institutions: ▯ Universal Social Institutions ▯ Components that all societies have some form ▯ Family ▯ Economy ▯ Education ▯ Political Systems ▯ Religions ▯ Important Institutions that have emerged with complex societies: ▯ Components that most societies today have in some form ▯ Media Healthcare ▯ Sports/Leisure ▯ ▯ ▯ Quick and basic definitions: ▯ Family: primary, relatively permanent social unit of persons relied of for companionship, economic needs fulfillment and care of off-spring ▯ Economy: the way resources are obtained and distributed in society ▯ Education: the way beliefs and skills are transmitted from on generation to another ▯ Political system: the way power is distributed for the purpose of rule making and decision making for the society at large ▯ Religion: an explanation for life, a guide for ethical behavior, and an explanation for human problems that cannot be understood with existing knowledge ▯ ▯ We study these “Big Systems” knowing that… ▯ They are increasingly complex! ▯ They can interact, overlap and conflict with each other ▯ Their form is subject to power and influence ▯ They change over time ▯ ▯ Studying and Institution: ▯ What does the Institution look like? ▯ How did it evolve to look this way? ▯ Is it undergoing change? How? Why? ▯ Who is the society is served well by the institution as it is and who is not? ▯ Does it serve the functions we think it serves? ▯ How does it affect, interact, overlap and conflict with others major social systems? ▯ ▯ Social Groups: ▯ Two or more people with a relevant commonality ▯ We all belong to multiple social groups ▯ ie. Social class, gender, family, business ▯ ▯ Social Norms: ▯ Established standards of behavior maintained by society ▯ These are both formal or informal norms ▯ ▯ Power: ▯ The ability to exercise ones will over another/will in your own life and choices ▯ ▯ Life Chances: ▯ A person’s opportunity to provide themselves with basic needs, material goods, positive living conditions and favorable experiences ▯ ▯ What else is Sociology? ▯ Systematic: Based on actual social life ▯ Scientific ▯ ▯ Social Arrangement: ▯ Structure vs. Human Agency ▯ ▯ Human Agency: ▯ The ability to choose a response to social conditions ▯ Social conditions may constrain choices ▯ Interweaving of choose and constraint ▯ Our choices mold and effect society just as society molds and affects us ▯ ▯ Structure vs. Agency Debate ▯ ▯ Globalization: ▯ The interconnections of societies across the global. ▯ Ways we are interconnected ▯ Ideas about implications of interconnectedness ▯
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